Centenary Year ~ Reflecting on the Life of ‘Abdu’l-Baha

*Champion of Justice *Ambassador of Peace *Advocate for Racial Unity *Personification of Humanitarianism

Abdu’l-Bahá was known as ʻAbbás Effendi. Baha’is called Him “The Master”, a title given to Him by Baha’u’llah. After the passing of Baha’u’llah, ‘Abdu’l-Baha chose for himself the title of ʻAbdu’l-Bahá (servant of Bahá).| This song, Everlasting Glory, includes ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s words regarding this title.
‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Call for Race Unity in America 1912 | Prayer for America by ‘Abdu’l-Baha | ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Initiative in Establishing Race Amity Conventions 1921

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On April 20, 2021, the Baha’is began a year of reflection on the life of Abdu’l-Baha, as we will commemorate the Centenary of His Ascension in November 2021. In honor of this Centenary we created this special homepage.

Abdu’l-Baha (1844-1921), eldest son of Baha’u’llah and His chosen successor, was known as an ambassador of peace, a champion of justice, and the leading exponent of a new Faith. He was awarded a knighthood by the British Mandate of Palestine for his humanitarian efforts during WWI. Through a series of epoch-making travels to Africa, North America and Europe,`Abdu’l-Baha–by word and example–proclaimed with persuasiveness and force the essential principles of his Father’s religion. Today more than 5 million Bahai’s from more than 2,112 different ethnic and tribal groups look to ‘Abdu’l-Baha as “the embodiment of every Baha’i ideal”, the perfect Exemplar of what it means to be a Baha’i. See also: ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Unique Station in Religious History

The Passing of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
“The news of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s passing…inspired an unprecedented event of unity among the Jewish, Christian, Muslim and Druze communities of Haifa. The funeral of ‘Abdu’l-Baha, ‘a funeral the like of which Palestine had never seen,’ drew ‘no less than ten thousand people… representing every class, religion and race in that country.” (The Passing of ‘Abdu’l-Baha) A local Haifa newspaper, Annafir, published an obituary that carried the headline: “The Most Great Calamity—The Departure of the Personification of Humanitarianism, Abdul-Baha Abbas”.

Artistic rendering of the Shrine of ‘Abdu’l-Baha Design concept for the Shrine of ‘Abdu’l-Baha Unveiled | September 20, 2019. Updates on construction of Shrine of ‘Abdu’l‑Baha.
Shrine of ‘Abdu’l-Baha to be Dedicated – November 2021
At the time of the passing of ‘Abdu’l-Baha His mortal remains were laid to rest within a vault of the Mausoleum of the Báb. It was envisaged by Shoghi Effendi that this would be a temporary arrangement. A Shrine was to be erected, of a character befitting the unique station of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, at the appropriate time. “It seeks to manifest ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s selflessness, wisdom, openness, acceptance, and kindness towards all people, to embody His love for gardens and nature, and to reflect His progressive and forward-looking approach.” ~ Hossein Amanat, architect Baha’i World New Service Sept. 20, 2019

Abdu’l-Baha’s Historic Journeys
Following the Young Turk Revolution of 1908, ‘Abdu’l-Baha was freed after more than half a century of exile and imprisonment. Immediately, He began to plan how to present, in person, the Baha’i teachings to the world beyond the Middle East. Despite His advanced age, ‘Abdu’l-Baha set out in August 1910 to present Baha’u’llah’s teachings about the dawning of a new age of peace and unity, to high and low alike. These historic journeys launched a fledgling faith on its way to becoming a world religion…”With the inauguration of ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s travels to the West, the Cause of Baha’u’llah, hemmed in for more than half a century by the hosts of enmity and oppression, burst its restraints.”…His words and actions during His travels…offer “an abundance of inspiration and manifold insights” for meeting the challenges of the present day.: Read the full article: 100 years ago, historic journeys transformed a fledgling faith ~ Baha’i World New Service August 30, 2010

‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Eight Month Sojourn in America
During His eight month sojourn in America (April 11 – December 5, 1912), `Abdu’l-Bahá spoke at churches and synagogues, universities and missions for the poor, women’s clubs and peace conferences; He was a keynote speaker at the Fourth Annual Conference of the NAACP; He addressed the entire assemblage of the faculty and student body of Stanford University; He met with diplomats, rabbis, ministers, Senators and Supreme Court justices; He was the guest of Alexander Graham Bell at his home; and He had a portrait done by Khalil Gibran.

‘Abdu’l-Baha promotes a new vision of race unity in America
‘Abdu’l-Bahá also spoke at the African-American Howard University and encouraged the interaction between black and white people outside and inside the Bahá’í community. He encouraged interracial marriage, and as a result of his vision, the American Bahá’í community hosted its first racial amity conference in Washington DC in 1921. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá demanded that segregation and any form of prejudice be abolished in the community, and an increasing number of believers took the risks involved in living their beliefs without heeding their society’s mores. [1} | ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Radical Approach to Race Unity

We invite you to join us as we follow ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s 239 day journey across America in 1912.
For 239 days [‘Abdu’l-Baha] traveled across America, reaching across political, religious, racial, class, and gender lines to confront Americans with a vision of human nature, social unity, and the nation’s future that was 100 years ahead of its time. 239 Days in America brings to light this important time in American history. [It] offers Americans a new outlook on an important piece of their past, and an opportunity to connect with this unique and unifying voice in American history. (239Days.com) You can follow this journey (see below) with additional links to other resources. We invite you to join our email list for a daily reminder. Email: ysbahai@gmail.com Subject: Join 239 Day Journey

Videos and Articles about ‘Abdu’l-Baha in America:
‘Abdu’l-Baha & NYC Travel back in time to when ‘Abdu’l-Baha set foot on NYC. (video:6:13)
‘Abdu’l-Baha’s visits Cleveland and Cincinnati, Ohio.
‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Call for Race Unity in America – 1912
President Teddy Roosevelt and the Baha’i Faith
by Christopher Buck at BahaiTeachings.org
Prayer for America by ‘Abdu’l-Baha
Documentary: ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Initiative in Establishing Race Amity Conventions 1921
(1:18:04)
Luminous Journey Documentary about ‘Abdu’l-Baha in America Luminous Journey Part 2 also see: Luminous Journey divided into chapters

Videos, Talks and Articles on the Life of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
Video: Abdu’l-Bahá – Walking the Chosen Highway by filmmaker Flavio Azm Rassekh (3:56)
Who Is Abdul-Baha and Why Is His Station Significant? by Abdu’l -Missagh Ghadirian at BahaiTeachings.org
The Journey West Podcast dedicated to bringing Abdu’l-Baha’s journey to the West in 1911-1913 to life. Each of these 27 episodes explores Abdu’l-Baha’s talks given at that time.
Recreating Ourselves in the Image of the Master 6 talks by Tom Price
(References a letter of the Universal House of Justice dated 29 August 2010 on the “abundance of inspiration and manifold insights to be gained from ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s travels for our efforts today.)


‘Abdu’l-Baha in Brooklyn, New York, June 1912 | Video: ‘Abdu’l-Baha & NYC Travel back in time to when Abdu’l-Baha set foot on NYC. Includes song: Land and Sea by Smith & Dragoman (6:13)

Follow ʻAbdu’l-Bahá’s Journey Across America – 1912

September 26, 1912

Day 169: Drinking Tea with “The Girl from Kansas” 239 Days article
Reporter Alice Rohe has tea with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá at the Shirley Hotel in Denver, and calls him a “Pioneer of Equal Suffrage.”

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 26, 1912 Denver, CO Concerning eating meat But man’s food is not meat for he has not been created with means to eat flesh. God has given him beauty of form and has created him blessed and not rapacious and bloodthirsty.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 26, 1912 Denver, CO “The best person is he who wins all hearts and is not the cause of grief to anyone.” …Always endeavor to make people happy and their hearts joyful so that you may become the cause of guidance to mankind. Proclaim the Word of God and diffuse the divine fragrances.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 26, 1912 Denver, CO Leaving Denver — a seventeen-hour train ride to Glenwood Springs Some of the articles from the newspapers were translated for Him. Among them was the translation of these words: The contingent world is like the human body that has grown from the embryonic state and reached maturity and perfection. It may be said that the development of the human being from the beginning of life to the age of maturity is but a preparation for the appearance of the power of reason. This is the age of maturity and the time of the manifestation of the Most Great Intellect and the Most Ancient Bounty so that divine and material civilizations may be joined and the perfection of the human world may dawn.
Around midnight ‘Abdu’l-Bahá became fatigued owing to the speed and motion of the train. We proposed that because California was still some distance away, if He would consent, it might be a good idea to stop for two or three days. At 2:00 a.m. the train reached Glenwood Springs, beautifully situated near many hot springs. We stayed at the Hotel Colorado, which is a fine hotel overlooking the river, nestled among green parks and wooded mountains.

News Clips
The Princeton (Minn) Union September 26, 1912 America is in Need of the Breath of the Holy Spirit
Denver Colorado Republican September 26, 1912 Denver, CO Persian Prophet Pleads for Union of All Religions ‘ABDU’L-BAHA ASSERTS ALL FAITHS IN WORLD POINT TO BUT ONE SUPREME BEING. The only good in this world, according to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, is happiness. The greater amount each of us brings to those around us, the greater will be our reward in the world to come.
Rocky Mountain News September 26, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Speaks at Science Church ‘ABDU’L-BAHA ASSERTS ALL FAITHS IN WORLD POINT TO BUT ONE SUPREME BEING.

Newspaper article by Alice Rohe mentioned in the 239 Days article
New John the Baptist Preaching Universal Brotherhood:
Abdul Ba-ha Patriarchal Head of Bahá’ísts in Denver With Message of Love and Justice to All and for All
by Alice Rohe
published in The Daily News Denver, CO: 1912-09-25 – Bahaism is not a cult it is not a doctrine—it is a message a desire to blend all religions to smooth away the rough edges of differences that creak. Abdul Baha has spoken in the big churches of New York city he has ad-dressed the men of the Bower mission he has talked before the Theosophical society in Chicago he will talk in the Divine Science church in Denver. Indeed he is a man of all religions seeing good in all who worship “God. He is a Christian in that believes in the teachings of Christ. Christ to the Bahaist is a manifestation of the divine spirit. This spirit manifests itself from time to time. Ba-ha’o’llah is the last manifestation…The remarkable thing about the Bahaist movement is that the teachings are altruist-Abdul Ba-Ha receives nothing—he gives always. He does not believe in a paid priesthood and his social and economic doctrine is that no human being should look to others for his maintenance.


September 25, 1912

Day 168:“The World is a School” 239 Days article
At Denver’s Divine Science Church, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá chooses a metaphor to explain the changing relationship between humanity…

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 25, 1912 Denver, CO People were fascinated with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and considered an interview with Him a source of pride and glory
Mahmud’s Diary: September 25, 1912 Denver, CO “A person must first be happy and attracted himself to be in a position to transform others.”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 25, 1912 Denver, CO Through the use of his spiritual powers man “must take flight from the cage of the body and become pure spirit…”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 25, 1912 Denver, CO Everyone was fascinated by the majesty and grandeur of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and gave their hearts to Him
Mahmud’s Diary: September 25, 1912 Denver, CO ‘Abdu’l-Bahá describes features of His city whose Founder is Bahá’u’lláh To one who visited Him at the hotel, He remarked: I have come to your city and found tall buildings and advancement in material civilization. Now I will lead you to my own city which is the world above. Its administration is the oneness of humanity, its law is international peace, its palaces are ever shining with the lights of the Kingdom, its season is always spring, its trees are ever green, its fruits are fresh and sweet, its sun is ever ascending, its moon is always full, its stars are ever brilliant and its planets are ever circling. That is our city and the Founder is Bahá’u’lláh. We have enjoyed the pleasures of this city and now I invite you to that city. I hope that you will accept this invitation.

News Clips
The Daily News Denver Colorado September 25, 1912 Message of Universal Religion Brought by Persian M [text missing] ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Abbas Effendi — “The Servant of God” — a venerable old man, son of a Persian noble man, and the prophet of universal brotherhood and love, is in Denver, spreading the doctrine of the Bahá’ís… his wrinkled face beaming with kindness and charity…Perhaps it is not a new creed, for it teaches what men have long felt — that at the bottom of every religion there lies a foundation which is the same — but so enthusiastic is the venerable patriarch that the truths falling from his lips have a ring which is strange…taking care that you do not think him placing himself above you. He wants everyone to think of him as a brother…Faithful to his doctrine that deeds and not words comprise the real service of God, he greets everyone with the utmost kindness…as you enter his room he greets you with a smile and rises to shake hands…he asks the health of his visitor and if he is happy. On receiving an affirmative answer his face gleams with gladness — and no one ever has the heart to tell this old man that he is not happy…Since he was a lad 9 years of age ‘Abdu’l-Bahá has been a prisoner of the Turkish government, persecuted but never relaxing in his zeal, winning his guards to him by his gentleness, that he might spread his doctrine of love outside the walls of his prison… America is a good country…But it is in need of the influence of Divine civilization…If equal education is granted to women…they will be able to serve international peace extraordinarily. (excellent article)
San Francisco California Examiner September 25, 1912 San Francisco, CA 40 Years in Jail Brings Wisdom ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Urges World Peace – Famous Oriental Philosopher Will Visit San Francisco to Spread Doctrine. (gives some history of Faith) He went to Egypt and Europe and was received with open arms by the wise men of the west, who allowed him to preach and teach after his own manner. His mission has lasted in the open world for four years. He has now fifteen million followers known as Bahá’ís. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá speaks with the tongue of prophecy, though he resents being called a prophet, since he claims that what he has to say is of what there is and not what there shall be. He is a philosopher of wisdom gained not from books but from a life of solitude, during which his only literature has been the Bible, and his father’s works. But ‘Abdul is a scholar of amazing culture. He speaks like a fountain of wisdom. He has the insight of Omar Khayyah, combined with the optimism of the Christian belief. He offers something more than a worldly hope men set their hearts upon. He offers a reality of life that comes only through peace of mind. (another excellent article)
Denver Colorado Daily News September 25, 1912 Denver, CO ‘Abdu’l-Bahá (photo of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Persian — prophet and apostle of the Bahá’u’lláh religion and his retinue) “When the ocean of My Presence hath disappeared and the Book of Origin is achieved to the end, turn your faces toward Him Whom God Hath Purposed, who hath branched from this Pre-Existent Root” — Words of BAHA’O’LLAH.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
PUP: September 25, 1912 Talk at Second Divine Science Church 3929 West Thirty-eighth Avenue, Denver, Colorado Love is the First Effulgence of Divinity One of the forms of prejudice which afflict the world of mankind is religious bigotry and fanaticism. When this hatred burns in human hearts, it becomes the cause of revolution, destruction, abasement of humankind and deprivation of the mercy of God…The supreme need of humanity is cooperation and reciprocity. The stronger the ties of fellowship and solidarity amongst men, the greater will be the power of constructiveness and accomplishment in all the planes of human activity… it is evident that God has destined and intended religion to be the cause and means of cooperative effort and accomplishment among mankind. To this end He has sent the Prophets of God, the holy Manifestations of the Word, in order that the fundamental reality and religion of God may prove to be the bond of human unity, for the divine religions revealed by these holy Messengers have one and the same foundation… The purpose of all the divine religions is the establishment of the bonds of love and fellowship among men, and the heavenly phenomena of the revealed Word of God are intended to be a source of knowledge and illumination to humanity…The proof of the validity of a Manifestation of God is the penetration and potency of His Word, the cultivation of heavenly attributes in the hearts and lives of His followers and the bestowal of divine education upon the world of humanity…My highest hope and desire is that the strongest and most indissoluble bond shall be established between the American nation and the people of the Orient…my supreme desire is the unity of the East and West, universal peace and the oneness of the world of humanity.


September 24, 1912

Day 167: The World Is Thinking of War 239 Days article
On the eve of the First Balkan War, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá tells a group in Denver to dedicate themselves to “the worthy service of unifying…
He invoked the words of Jesus that “Many are called but few are chosen,” then proceeded to define the nature of being “chosen” not as a position that conferred superior status, but rather as a calling to sacrifice and service. “God has chosen you for the progress and development of humanity,” he said, “for the expression of love toward your fellow creatures and the removal of prejudice; God has chosen you to blend together human hearts and give light to the human world.” In short, he told them, be “occupied with service to all mankind.”

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 24, 1912 Denver, CO Many came to see the Master from all walks of life Friends, seekers, professors, clergymen and philosophers all came to see Him. They each raised questions and were filled with joy on hearing the Master’s words.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 24, 1912 Denver, CO“… a heavenly act, a performance of the Kingdom, a wonderful pageant”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 24, 1912 Denver, CO The power and influence of the Word of God He spoke to them about the confirmations of the Abha Beauty and the power and influence of the Word of God. ‘See how He has made the Easterner and the Westerner friends’…Otherwise, what connection would there be between us and Americans, between this Japanese youth and Mirza Mahmud-i-Zarqani?
Mahmud’s Diary: September 24, 1912 Denver, CO “A man must never consider himself greater than others.”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 24, 1912 Denver, CO Responding to a question: ‘What shall I do to become a true servant?’ Act in accordance with the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh. Do not only read His teachings but put into practice in your lives the Hidden Words and the other holy writings…I have brought the message of Bahá’u’lláh to this country in order to teach people to investigate truth, to render service to humanity, to endeavor to bring about international peace, to exert every effort to guide humanity, to show kindness to all creatures and to raise the Call of the Kingdom.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 24, 1912 Denver, CO Telepathy or communication from mind to mind
Mahmud’s Diary: September 24, 1912 Denver, CO An automobile for ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s use Behold the power and confirmation of the Blessed Beauty: The pastor comes in person with all humility to invite us and the proprietor of a leading journal sends his automobile for our use, so that we may raise the call of God in the church. Truly, such confirmations have never been seen in other dispensations and in no age have the Manifestations of the Cause of God met with such reverence and honor. But these things should be the cause of humility and self-effacement. We must not consider that they are due to our addresses or our eloquence. These shining lights which you see will instantly darken if the origin of their bounty is severed from them.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 24, 1912 Denver, CO Concerns about the Master’s health As the Master left the church He was perspiring so much that His companions were concerned about His health and tried to keep Him warm with His ‘aba, shawl and blanket.

News Clips
The Evening Post September 24, 1912 San Francisco, CA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Leader of World Religion Coming [picture caption: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, son of Bahá’u’lláh, founder of Bahá’í movement.] Persian Spent Forty Years in Prison Propagating His Faith.
The Bahá’í movement, or “Religion of Bahá,” proclaims a universal religion intended to unite the varying beliefs of Christian denominations, the Jewish religion. Buddhism and every known faith. Its leader takes the stand that the essence of all true religion is identical.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
PUP: September 24, 1912 Talk at Home of Mrs. Sidney E. Roberts Denver, Colorado Many Are Called, But Few Are Chosen Verily, God has chosen you for His love and knowledge; God has chosen you for the worthy service of unifying mankind; God has chosen you for the purpose of investigating reality and promulgating international peace; God has chosen you for the progress and development of humanity, for spreading and proclaiming true education, for the expression of love toward your fellow creatures and the removal of prejudice; God has chosen you to blend together human hearts and give light to the human world. The doors of His generosity are wide, wide open to us; but we must be attentive, alert and mindful, occupied with service to all mankind, appreciating the bestowals of God and ever conforming to His will…Although it is necessary for man to strive for material needs and comforts, his real need is the acquisition of the bounties of God. If he is bereft of divine bounties, spiritual susceptibilities and heavenly glad tidings, the life of man in this world has not yielded any worthy fruit…If no fruits of the Kingdom appear in the garden of his soul, man is not in the image and likeness of God, but if those fruits are forthcoming, he becomes the recipient of ideal bestowals and is enkindled with the fire of the love of God…A man may be a Bahá’í in name only. If he is a Bahá’í in reality, his deeds and actions will be decisive proofs of it. What are the requirements? Love for mankind, sincerity toward all, reflecting the oneness of the world of humanity, philanthropy, becoming enkindled with the fire of the love of God, attainment to the knowledge of God and that which is conducive to human welfare…Therefore, to you my first admonition is this: Associate most kindly with all; be as one family; pursue this same pathway. Let your intentions be one that your love may permeate and affect the hearts of others so that they may grow to love each other and all attain to this condition of oneness…The first sign of faith is love. The message of the holy, divine Manifestations is love; the phenomena of creation are based upon love; the radiance of the world is due to love; the well-being and happiness of the world depend upon it. Therefore, I admonish you that you must strive throughout the human world to diffuse the light of love.


September 23, 1912

Day 166: September 23, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá spends the day in Lincoln, Nebraska, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 23, 1912 Denver, CO Arriving in Denver, resting for a few hours and meeting with reporters, friends and seekers
Mahmud’s Diary: September 23, 1912 Denver, CO Concerning ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s health during His Travels
Mahmud’s Diary: September 23, 1912 Denver, CO A prophecy in Islam that “cities shall draw nearer to each other”

News Clips
The Lincoln Nebraska Daily Star September 23, 1912 Lincoln, NE Persian Peace Advocate Pays Visit to Lincoln ‘Abdul-Bahá1 Abbas, Persian exponent of the doctrine of international peace and son of Bahá’u’lláh, who paid with his life for doctrines advanced in his native country, arrived in Lincoln this morning accompanied by his interpreter and four other traveling companions. Arriving in Lincoln at 9 o’clock, the party remaining only a few hours and took advantage of the time to call upon the
family of W.J. Bryan, whom ‘Abdul-Bahá met while the latter was touring the world.(long article)
Minneapolis Tribune September 23, 1912 Minneapolis Temple Shaari Tov “Moses and the Mission of Jesus Christ.” — ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.
“But now listen to this fairly. Until the appearance of Jesus Christ, the name of Moses was confined to Palestine, and up to that time the Old Testament, The Torah, was only to be found in the Hebrew tongue. It was His Holiness Christ, who was instrumental in having the Old Testament translated into 700 languages. Even if you go to the regions of Central Africa, you will find the Old Testament in their vernacular tongues. “Who has done this? No doubt, Christ has done this. But the Israelites did not know this.
The Lincoln Nebraska Daily Star September 23, 1912 Lincoln, NE Abbas Brings New Creed to Lincoln “All people belong to one nativity,” declared ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. “For the earth’s sphere is one, and all humanity is the progenity of one. We are all submerged in the sea of the mercy of one God.” Prejudices Destroyed. “According to the teaching of Baháoallah [Bahá’u’lláh], racial prejudices, political and patriotic prejudices are destroying the foundations of humanity. So long as the world is not free from these prejudices; construction progress and peace is impossible, and the human world will not be composed and secure. Among the teachings of Baháoallah [Bahá’u’lláh] is the fact that the fundamental principles of everything is one. This foundation of the world is one reality and this reality is neither multipliable or divisable. Where the difference in religions is found is in the dogma, hence the difference causes enmity among religions.

India and Israel will commemorate the decisive Battle of Haifa
Battle of Haifa recounts the last cavalry engagement On September 23, 2021, India and Israel will commemorate the decisive Battle of Haifa, which was fought in the final of World War One (on September 23, 1918). This campaign took on urgency as Abdul Baha, the Head of the Baha’i Faith, had been in Haifa, giving aid and support to the poor. The Ottoman authorities accused him of supporting the Allies and sentenced him to death by the local Pasha. The All Indian Calvary Brigade was requested to liberate Haifa, as well as rescue Abdul Baha. They did not have reinforcements because they were the only Allied Forces in the immediate vicinity. (paintings depicting the battle) at Indian Newslink

Historic Battle of Haifa commemorated in New Delhi at Baha’i World News Service According to a historical account by Hasan Balyuzi, after the battle, Indian army soldiers were sent to the gates of the house of ‘Abdu’l-Baha. He “was sitting calm and unperturbed in the forecourt of his house.”
Jodhpur Lancers’ “Haifa Day” commemorated at Baha’i House of Worship in India Baha’i World News Service


September 22, 1912

Day 165: ‘150 Years of the Emancipation 239 Days article
On the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation we look at the implications of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s bold position on race.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 22, 1912 Lincoln, NE Wishing to visit Mr. and Mrs. Bryan Mr. Bryan was not at home. (William Jennings Bryn who later became the forty-first Secretary of State of the United States) Mrs.Bryan and her daughter begged Him to visit some of the rooms of the house, particularly the library and Mr. Bryan’s study. They showed Him a book compiled by Mr. Bryan and asked Him to pray for the success of his endeavors. Mr. Bryan was currently on a campaign tour on behalf of [the future] President Wilson and was to lecture in many cities. In honor of the occasion, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá took a notebook and in His own hand wrote a prayer for assistance. He then said a few words which increased their happiness, devotion, assurance and honor.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 22, 1912 Lincoln, NE Results of a twelve–hour stay in a city Some Arabs came to visit Him at the hotel as they had read about his arrival and speeches in the newspaper. Other who had read about the new teachings in the newspaper approached him in the lobby of the hotel and listened carefully to His explanations. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was happy that a stay in the city of only 12 hours had become the cause of spreading the teachings of God.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 22, 1912 Lincoln, NE ‘Abdu’l-Bahá leaves Lincoln at 11:00 PM in the coach-seats section of the train

News Clips
Rocky Mountain News September 21, 1912 New York, NY ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Coming Persian Prophet Teaches New Faith Forty Years in Prison, Freed by Young Turks; Millions Follow Him. – Travels in Regal Fashion, Rich Entertain Him; Speaks at Divine Science Church. From the land of Mohammed, from the country of the fire-worshippers, within the length of a gun shot of Nazareth, where the greatest spiritual Leader of the world was born, comes a great Persian prophet and teacher bearing the torch of a new faith, a universal religion, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, a direct descendant, so he claims, of Abraham, who, in the national costume of his fathers, has addressed all sorts and conditions of Americans since coming to this country. He represents the Bahia movement, whose followers are found all over the civilized world…‘Abdu’l-Bahá, whose believers in this city number about 200 will visit Denver Tuesday or Wednesday of next week…he was asked to speak a Columbia university and then addressed a crowd on the Bowery. In the latter section of New York he distributed $200 among the needy.

Early Black Baha’is
The “Lincoln of the Spirit” and the “Black Plato” Alain Locke speaks on Emancipation CHRISTOPHER BUCK | FEB 21, 2014 PART 9 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org


September 21, 1912

Day 164: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Calls On the “Great Commoner” 239 Days article
In Lincoln, Nebraska, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visits Mrs. William Jennings Bryan as her husband fires up 25,000 at a rally in Los Angeles.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 21, 1912 Omaha, NE “All future events are evident and visible to the eyes of the holy Manifestations.”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 21, 1912 Lincoln, NE Arriving in Lincoln at 3:00 AM
Mahmud’s Diary: September 21, 1912 Omaha, NE Prophecies of holy books were fulfilled through Bahá’u’lláh’s banishment to Holy Land
Mahmud’s Diary: September 21, 1912 Omaha, NE ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited William Jennings Bryn who later became the forty-first Secretary of State of the United States
Mahmud’s Diary: September 21, 1912 Omaha, NE The call of ‘Ya Bahá’u’l-Abha’ has been raised in every city of the continent of America where a number of believers reside
Mahmud’s Diary: September 21, 1912 Omaha, NE The Hague Peace Assembly Later the Master was interviewed by two journalists and spoke to them about the pernicious attitudes of politicians, the destructiveness of war, the validity of the divine teachings regarding universal peace, the unity of religions and the oneness of mankind.

News Clips
The Appeal (St. Paul MN) September 21, 1912 St. Paul, MN Spoke at Woolson Home in St. Paul “Prophet of Glory” Visits Minneapolis

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
PUP: September 20, 1912 Talk at Home of Mr. Albert L. Hall 2030 Queen Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota The Spirit of Man Manifests Virtues that are Ideal

…If you should ask a thousand persons, “What are the proofs of the reality of Divinity?” perhaps not one would be able to answer. If you should ask further, “What proofs have you regarding the essence of God?” “How do you explain inspiration and revelation?” “What are the evidences of conscious intelligence beyond the material universe?” “Can you suggest a plan and method for the betterment of human moralities?” “Can you clearly define and differentiate the world of nature and the world of Divinity?” — you would receive very little real knowledge and enlightenment upon these questions. This is due to the fact that development of the ideal virtues has been neglected…

Ordinarily when the word Divinity is mentioned, it is associated in the minds of the hearers with certain formulas and doctrines, whereas it essentially means the wisdom and knowledge of God, the effulgence of the Sun of Truth, the revelation of reality and divine philosophy…But according to the evidence of present world conditions divine philosophy — which has for its object the sublimation of human nature, spiritual advancement, heavenly guidance for the development of the human race, attainment to the breaths of the Holy Spirit and knowledge of the verities of God — has been outdistanced and neglected…

The great question appertaining to humanity is religion. The first condition is that man must intelligently investigate its foundations. The second condition is that he must admit and acknowledge the oneness of the world of humanity. By this means the attainment of true fellowship among mankind is assured, and the alienation of races and individuals is prevented. All must be considered the servants of God; all must recognize God as the one kind Protector and Creator…If [Religion] becomes the cause of discord, enmity and hatred, it is better that man should be without it. For in its teachings we seek the spirit of charity and love to bind the hearts of men together. If, on the contrary, we find it alienates and embitters human hearts, we are justified in casting it aside…


September 20, 1912

Day 163: Thinking for Yourself 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá challenges an audience in Minneapolis to apply their independent reason to pressing religious questions.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 20, 1912 Minneaplois, MN Consoling friends while leaving Minneapolis
Mahmud’s Diary: September 20, 1912 Minneapolis, MN “Put forth your efforts to acquire spiritual perfections and to spread the knowledge of God.”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 20, 1912 Omaha, NE Reaching Omaha at 2:00 AM
Mahmud’s Diary: September 20, 1912 Denver, CO The phenomenal effect of “one pure breath” drawn by a person in a “state of severance”
September 20, 1912 Denver, CO Advice of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to E.G. Browne

News Clips
Minneapolis Tribune September 20, 1912 Minneapolis, MN Leader of the Bahá’í Religious Movement, With His Retinue, Visits Followers Here “Prophet of Glory” Visits Minneapolis – ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, White of Beard and Gentle of Mien, Greets Followers. – His Speech Is Arabic, His Walk Like That of Kim’s Llama. – He Preaches the Gospel of Universal Peace and Language. “Newspapers,” said the Bahá, must be the first means of amity and understanding amongst men. All men must be the servants of one God, all must be united. Newspapers must be the heralds of the oneness of humanity. Morality must be reinstated in the world.
The Minneapolis Morning Tribune September 20, 1912 Minneapolis, MN “Prophet of Glory” Visits Minneapolis “The time has come for the world of humanity to hoist the standard of the oneness of the human world, so that unity may connect all the nations of the world, so that dogmatic formulas and superstition may end, so that essential reality underlying all the religions founded by all the prophets may be revealed.”

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
PUP: September 20, 1912 Talk at Home of Dr. and Mrs. Clement Woolson 870 Laurel Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota The Manifestations Adorn the Reality of Man with Divine Graces Similarly, the human spirit or reality of man, unless it becomes the recipient of the lights of the Kingdom, develops divine susceptibilities and consciously reflects the effulgence of God, will not be the manifestation of ideal bounties, for only the reality of man can become the mirror wherein the lights of God are revealed. The reality of man will then be as the spirit of this world, for just as the animus of life quickens the physical human body, so the body of the world will receive its vivification through the animating virtue of the sanctified spirit of man.


September 19, 1912

Day 162: Minneapolis, Flour Power, and the Ideal Virtues of… 239 Days article
In spite of Minnesota’s material success, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá points out that something is missing.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 19, 1912 St Paul, MN ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was driven about 15 miles to a meeting in St Paul
Mahmud’s Diary: September 19, 1912 St Paul, MN Which automobile should take the Master back to Minneapolis?
Mahmud’s Diary: September 19, 1912 St. Paul, MN ‘I love you first and then my father.’
Mahmud’s Diary: September 19, 1912 Minneapolis, MN Pleading with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to prolong His stay in Minneapolis
Mahmud’s Diary September 19, 1912 Minneapolis, MN How to make one’s “stars of happiness and prosperity … shine evermore from the horizon of both worlds”
Mahmud’s Diary September 19, 1912 Minneapolis, MN ‘Abdu’l-Bahá “… so wholly occupied with spreading the Cause of God in America …”

News Clips
Minneapolis Tribune September 19, 1912 Minneapolis, MN “Servant of Glory” Comes to City From Far East ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, “Servant of Glory,” head of the Bahá’í movement and one of the most distinguished religious figures of the Orient…
September 18, 1912 Minneapolis, MN ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Here Tonight Exponent of Brotherly Love to Be Dr. Woolson’s Guest.

Video: The Roots of the Race Amity Movement by the Baha’is of the United States July 7, 2021 It tells of the unique role ‘Abdu’l-Baha played in the Race Amity movement in America. ‘Abdu’l-Baha had given the task of creating the first Race Amity Convention to a Washington DC socialite, Mrs. Agnes Parsons. ‘Abdu’l-Baha sent a message to that convention: “Say to this convention that never since the beginning of time has one more important been held…”


September 18, 1912

Day 161: The Century of Motion 239 Days article
Abdu’l-Bahá boards a train at the busiest rail hub on the planet, in the midwestern heart of a nation in perpetual motion.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 18, 1912 Minneapolis, MN Speaking at Commercial Club Today a billboard outside a building announced: “‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the venerable Prophet of the East and the Leader of the Bahá’ís, will speak here at noon today.” The laws and commandments of God are of two kinds:…
Mahmud’s Diary: September 18, 1912 Minneapolis, MN A Jewish rabbi visits ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and invites Him to speak at his synagogue Tonight when we speak in the Jewish synagogue we shall bring proofs and arguments in support of the Spirit [Christ]. … In the evening the Master delivered a brilliant address at the Jewish synagogue, providing decisive proofs of the validity and truth of Christ and the Cause of Muhammad. It was so persuasive that men and women came to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá with the utmost humility and admiration. One of them said openly that he would no longer be a Jew.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 18, 1912 Minneapolis, MN Praising signs of a prosperous country and warning against materialism

News Clips
Minneapolis September 18, 1912 Minneapolis, MN Bahá’í Leader In Minneapolis Tells of Mission Time to Wipe Out Religious Surface Differences, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Says – TURBANED FOLLOWERS TRANSLATE MESSAGE – Leader Says America Is in Need of Breath of the Holy Spirit.
Minneapolis Tribune September 18, 1912 Minneapolis, MN Persian Teacher a Visitor According to the word sent out by the noted Persian, to be a Bahá’í simply means to love all the world, to love humanity, and to try to serve it; to work for universal peace and the universal brotherhood


September 17, 1912

Day 160: Following the Example of America 239 Days article
The Independent, a national weekly newspaper, interviews ‘Abdu’l-Bahá about disarmament and the value of peace.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 17, 1912 Chicago, IL “A newspaper must in the first instance be the means of creating harmony among the people.”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 17, 1912 Chicago, IL “The principles of socialism are outstripped in the religions of God.” In Persia the Bahá’ís were willing to sacrifice themselves for one another to such a degree that once when one of the Bahá’ís was a guest in the home of another believer, and the authorities demanded the arrest of the guest, the host gave the guest’s name as his own and surrendered himself to them, was martyred in his place, thus sacrificing his life for his guest and brother.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 17, 1912 Chicago, IL The secret to maintaining one’s spiritual progress I beg of God that you may become more enlightened, more severed, more spiritual, more aflame and that you may be humble and submissive, for as long as man does not consider himself to be good but regards himself as weak and deficient, he progresses…
Mahmud’s Diary: September 17, 1912 Chicago, IL ‘Abdu’l-Bahá leaves Chicago Mirza ‘Ali-Akbar Nakhjavani, who had been granted permission to accompany ‘Abdu’l-Bahá on His journey to California, arrived from Malden, joining Mr. Fujita, the Japanese, and the other servants…
Mahmud’s Diary: September 17, 1912 Minneapolis, MN Noticing ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in a state of reverie on the train
Mahmud’s Diary: September 17, 1912 Minneapolis, MN Arriving in Minneapolis He told them that He was very tired and would see them the following morning to answer their questions and to give them material for their newspaper articles.

News Clips
Spokane Washington Daily Chronicle September 17, 1912 Spokane, WA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, “Prophet of God,” Is Asked to Come to Spokane Rev. A.C. Crier, pastor of the local Universalist church of Divine Science, has offered his pulpit for use of the prophet should he decide to stop over here. “It would be one of the greatest events in the history of Spokane if ‘Abdu’l-Bahá would visit us here,” said A.C. Killius of 121 Fifth avenue, at whose home the Spokane Spiritual Bahá assembly, local organization of the Bahá’í movement, meets.

Mirza ‘Ali-Akbar Nakhjavani
In one of todays diary entries Mahmud tells us that Mirza ‘Ali-Akbar Nakhjavani arrived from Maldon, as he had been granted permission to accompany ‘Abdu’l-Bahá on His journey to California. He was the father to Ali Nakhjavani, whom many of us know served on the Universal House of Justice from 1963-2003. I discovered a wonderful interview Mr. Nakhjavani did with Sonjel Vreeland at Bahaiblog.net about the book he wrote on his illustrious father, Mirza Ali-Akbar-i-Nakhjavani: With Newly Translated Tablets of Abdu’l-Baha In this interview there is mention that his illustrious father who translated many Baha’i tablets and letters into Russian and at ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s request, corresponded with some of the leading literary figures of the time—including Leo Tolstoy* and Isabella Grinevskaya. This led me to another interesting article What Happens When Tolstoy Reviews Your Play at BahaiTeachings.org in which it tells of Isabella Grinevskaya’s play about the Bab which Leo Tolstoy read and reacted strongly.

* We spend our lives trying to unlock the mystery of the universe, but there was a Turkish prisoner, Baha’u’llah, in Akka, Palestine who had the key. – Leo Tolstoy

* AROUND 1909 Mirza ‘Ali-Akbar Nakhjavani intended to make contact with the great writer, Count Leo Tolstoy. Before doing so he consulted ‘Abdu’l-Bahá who sent him advice saying: “Always extend to Count Tolstoy loving and heartfelt greetings, and treat him with the utmost courtesy, as we are indeed commanded to behave in this way. Perchance he may become fairminded. There are signs that his attitude hath improved and moderated. It is hoped that, God willing, it may improve further and that he may speak with justice about this Cause. It might be beneficial if thou wert to despatch to him, and others like him, the letter of this servant addressed to the believers of the East and the West, which is translated and published in Russian.”

Tolstoy said he was very interested in the Bahá’í teachings and intended to “write a book about the Báb and the Bahá’í faith.” -Leo Tolstoy and the Bahá’í Faith, p. 49 (This account was taken from Centenary.Bahai.US)


September 16, 1912

Day 159: September 16, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days article
While ‘Abdu’l-Bahá spends the weekend in Kenosha, Wisconsin, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 16, 1912 Kenosha, WI Returning to Chicago from Kenosha See what the power and influence of Bahá’u’lláh have wrought. Consider how He has brought the Japanese, the Americans and the Persians all under the shadow of one word and caused them to love one another.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 16, 1912 Chicago, IL ‘Abdu’l-Bahá concerned about the Faith after His passing In the automobile, He seemed to be depressed. He said: I am bearing the discomforts of this journey with stopovers so that the Cause of God may be protected from any breach. For I am still not sure about what is going to happen after me….
Mahmud’s Diary: September 16, 1912 Chicago, IL Poems by Louise Waite (Shanaz Khanum) were sung to piano accompaniment for the Master
Mahmud’s Diary: September 16, 1912 Chicago, IL ‘Abdu’l-Bahá moves to a hotel in preparation to leave Chicago The Master spoke to the friends about the bonds of love which unite the hearts…In the evening He
exhorted the friends in sweet and expressive words to spread the fragrances of God, to proclaim the Words of their Lord and to show kindness to His friends.

Mahmud’s Diary: September 16, 1912 Chicago, IL ‘Abdu’l-Bahá declined offers of money from the friends instead requested that the money be distributed among the poor.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
PUP: September 16, 1912 Talk at Home of Mrs. Corinne True 5338 Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, Il The Source of Perfect Unity is the Bond and Oneness of Reality
…I pray in your behalf, seeking heavenly confirmations for you that each one may become a radiant candle, shedding light in the world of humanity. May you become the quintessence of love. May you prove to be the effulgence of God, replete with the efficacy of the Holy Spirit and the cause of unity and fellowship in the world of humanity, for today mankind has the greatest need of love and agreement…
In the world of existence there are various bonds which unite human hearts, but not one of these bonds is completely effective…The source of perfect unity and love in the world of existence is the bond and oneness of reality…the bond or oneness of humanity cannot be effectively established save through the power of the Holy Spirit, for the world of humanity is a composite body, and the Holy Spirit is the animating principle of its life…
Therefore, we must strive in order that the power of the Holy Spirit may become effective throughout the world of mankind…that all may be guided to the protection and shelter of the Word of God…We must use our utmost endeavors in order that the Holy Spirit may influence minds and hearts toward peace, the bounties of God surround, the divine effulgences become successive, human souls advance, minds expand in wider vision, souls become more holy and the world of humanity be rid of its great menace…For the betterment of the world Bahá’u’lláh endured all the hardships, ordeals and vicissitudes of life, sacrificing His very being and comfort, forfeiting His estates, possessions and honor — all that pertains to human existence — not for one year, nay, rather, for nearly fifty years…He endured these ordeals and difficulties in order that this earthly human world might become heavenly, that the illumination of the divine Kingdom should become a reality in human hearts, that the individual members of mankind might progress, the power of the Holy Spirit increase its efficacy and penetration and the happiness of the world of humanity be assured…

Here ‘Abdu’l-Baha talks about the Covenant
Bahá’u’lláh desired that there should not be any ground or reason for disagreement among the Bahá’ís. Therefore, with His own pen He wrote the Book of His Covenant, addressing His relations and all people of the world, saying, “Verily, I have appointed One Who is the Center of My Covenant. All must obey Him; all must turn to Him; He is the Expounder of My Book, and He is informed of My purpose. All must turn to Him. Whatsoever He says is correct, for, verily, He knoweth the texts of My Book. Other than He, no one doth know My Book.”…
In His prayers Bahá’u’lláh also said, “O God! Whosoever violates My Covenant, O God, humiliate him. Verily, whosoever violates My Covenant, O God, erase and efface him.” In all His Tablets, among which is the Tablet of the Branch, He has mentioned and explained the attributes and qualities of the Personage to Whom He referred in the Book of His Covenant. He has fully expounded the function and potency of that Personage, so that no one shall say, “I understand this from the writings of Bahá’u’lláh,” for He has appointed the Center, or Expounder, of the Book. He said, “Verily, He is the appointed one; other than He, there is none,” intending that no sects or prejudices should be formed, and preventing every man here and there with a new thought from creating dissension and variance….
Therefore, you must read the Tablets of Bahá’u’lláh. You must read the Tablet of the Branch and regard that which He has so clearly stated. Beware! Beware! lest anyone should speak from the authority of his own thoughts or create a new thing out of himself. Beware! Beware! According to the explicit Covenant of Bahá’u’lláh you should care nothing at all for such a person. Bahá’u’lláh shuns such souls. I have expounded these things for you, for the conservation and protection of the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh…You must love all people, and yet if any souls put you in doubt, you must know that Bahá’u’lláh is severed from them. Whosoever works for unity and fellowship is a servant of Bahá’u’lláh, and Bahá’u’lláh is his assistant and helper. I ask God that He may cause you to be the very means of agreement and unity, that He may make you radiant, merciful, heavenly children of the divine Kingdom; that you may advance day by day; that you may become as bright as these lamps, bestowing light upon all humanity. Salutations and farewell!


September 15, 1912

Day 158: Documenting a “Luminous Journey” 239 Days article
Our producer interviews filmmaker Anne Perry about “Luminous Journey,” a documentary film about ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s journey through…

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 15, 1912 Chicago, IL Experiencing the majesty and power of the Center of the Covenant
Mahmud’s Diary: September 15, 1912 Kenosha, WI Two examples of Bahá’u’lláh protecting ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: September 15, 1912 Kenosha, WI Visiting friends in Kenosha, Wisconsin
Mahmud’s Diary: September 15, 1912 Kenosha, WI In each public event the believers in Kenosha left two seats vacant — for Bahá’u’lláh and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá He took the children onto His lap one by one and gave them flowers, fruits and sweets.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 15, 1912 Kenosha, WI “The Cause of God has always appeared from the East but it has been more effective in the West.” But Bahá’u’lláh is neither of the East nor of the West, neither of the South nor of the North. He is holy above all these directions.

Luminous Journey Documentary about ‘Abdu’l-Baha in America Luminous Journey Part 2 also see: Luminous Journey divided into chapters


September 14, 1912

Day 157: What’s Love Got to Do with It? 239 Days article
In 1912, Chicagoans listened as a renowned anthropologist declared love a hoax. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá argued otherwise.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 14, 1912 Chicago, IL Protection of the Cause of God
Mahmud’s Diary: September 14, 1912 Chicago, IL “All the affairs and conditions of the world serve the Cause of God.”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 14, 1912 Chicago, IL Walking with friends along the shore of Lake Michigan
He spoke about the sacrifice of a Japanese admiral: a general sacrificed himself and his children for the emperor and became renowned for sincerity and faithfulness. From this example it becomes obvious what we should do in the path of the Abha Beauty. If you view it in the light of justice, you will see that the emperor did not bestow upon his general a thousandth portion of the grace that the Blessed Beauty bestows upon us.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 14, 1912 Chicago, IL The extraordinary warm reception and response from members of Theosophical Society
The president of the society introduced the Master with great respect, saying: Gentlemen, today it is a great bounty and high honor for us to be in the presence of a person who is the greatest prophet of peace and harmony. There is
no doubt — and I feel and say on behalf of the audience — that to the present time we have not had the honor of hearing the life-giving words from the tongue of a living prophet. Therefore, with unbounded happiness and heartfelt honor I present to you His Holiness ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the prophet of peace and the founder of universal brotherhood.
The audience applauded with so much excitement and joy that it felt as though there were an earthquake in the auditorium. The president thanked the Master and acknowledged the truth and greatness of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. To show their concurrence with the words of their president, the members of the audience rose together in great excitement, a clear proof of the extraordinary powers of the Center of the Covenant.
‘Abdu’l-Bahá again arose and spoke:
I am very happy with your warmth and consideration. God be praised that there exist in America such societies founded on human principles, the appreciation of spiritual values and the investigation of truth. I am most grateful to this society and hope that your inner perception may increase and that the bounties of God will be with you.
Mahmud writes: When the Master went into another room the people rushed into it. Most of them wished to tell Him, ‘We testify to the truth of this Cause.’ The degree of excitement in the hearts of such a large gathering cannot be imagined. That such a transformation can occur in such a country is beyond belief.


September 13, 1912

Day 156: “Sometimes I Made Him Laugh” 239 Days article
In Chicago, a young Japanese man dangles from a lamp post to catch a glimpse of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 13, 1912 Chicago, ILTea prepared with love
Mahmud’s Diary: September 13, 1912 Chicago, IL Receiving many visitors Since the friends were allowed to visit en masse, each morning there was such a crowd that there was no way up or down the stairs. When the Master got tired, He would take a walk outside and then return to the house.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 13, 1912 Chicago, ILPresident of Worker’s Union visits ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: September 13, 1912 Chicago, IL Why ‘Abdu’l-Bahá sought to cultivate love between the whites and the blacks If a man has spiritual characteristics, be he white or black, he is near to God. Some have protested to me, asking why I seek to cultivate love between the whites and the blacks. Yet what a great error they make. You see people who love their dogs because of their faithfulness and the protection they provide. If but one good trait endears a dog to a human, why shouldn’t praiseworthy qualities cause a man to be loved and respected? Why should fellowship with an upright person be avoided? When people are prepared to fondle an animal day and night, why should they shun association with an intelligent human being?
Mahmud’s Diary: September 12, 1912 Chicago, IL Commenting on His expenses in America It is with the power of faith that we ascend to the highest apex and attain honor in the all-glorious Kingdom.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 12, 1912 Chicago, IL There is no parallel event in the history of the world that compares to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit to the West It is with the power of faith that we ascend to the highest apex and attain honor in the all-glorious Kingdom.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 12, 1912 Chicago, IL The “mysteries of the Kingdom” are revealed to humanity through the establishment of the divine civilization

Saichiro Fujita: One of the Earliest Japanese Baha’is Several stories of Fujita with ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the Holy Land from the biography of Curtis Kelsey at Bahaiblog.net

Saichiro Fujita and Abdu’l-Baha Photos of Fujita with ‘Abdu’l-Baha, Shoghi Effendi and Hands of the Cause – Also the two Tablets written by ‘Abdu’l-Baha for Fujita plus a letter encouraging him to stay in the U.S. to get an education so that he can later serve Him in the Holy Land. at Bahai-storytelling.blogspot.com


September 12, 1912

Day 155: Europe “One Vast Arsenal,” Says ‘Abdu’l-Bahá 239 Days article
On September 11, Buffalo papers print ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s verbal attack against the contemporary pretexts for war.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 12, 1912 Buffalo, NY ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s response to the taxi driver who demanded more for the usual fare ‘A man may give $1,000 without minding it but he should not yield even a dollar to the person who wishes to take it wrongfully, for such wrongful behavior flouts justice and disrupts the order of the world.’
Mahmud’s Diary: September 12, 1912 Buffalo, NY The confirmation and assistance of the Abha Kingdom Articles from the Buffalo newspapers were being translated for ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in the train, today through the assistance of the Abha Beauty the Cause of God is proclaimed with the utmost openness in the churches and assemblies of the West
Mahmud’s Diary: September 12, 1912 Buffalo, NY “The friends in America expect me to visit each city …” As midday approached, and as the number of passengers increased at every station, the heat grew more and more intense, causing ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to become tired and weary.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 12, 1912 Chicago, IL ‘Abdu’l-Bahá arrives in Chicago and is warmly received by many friends at the train station It was an impressive sight, a field of yearning lovers canopied by heavens resounding with songs of joy. The friends formed two lines and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá walked majestically between them showering His blessings on each one. He then went by automobile to the home of Mrs. True, the maidservant of the Mashriqu’l-Adhkar. There one of the Japanese friends bowed at His feet and received His blessings.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 12, 1912 Chicago, IL “God … has bestowed upon you … a kingdom, greater than that of the Mikado [former emperor of Japan]” His eyes fell on Mr. [Saichiro] Fujita, the Japanese gentleman and He remarked: …Mikado has come to an end; all the hue and cry have ceased, a handful of dust was thrown over him and covered all his imperial regalia…But as you are a believer in God, you have a kingdom which will never collapse and will be everlasting. Offer thanks to God, Who has bestowed upon you such a kingdom, greater than that of the Mikado…One day as [Napoleon] was talking with his generals, they said that Christ, too, was a wise man like Napoleon. He replied, ‘No, you are mistaken. There is a vast difference between Him and me.’ The sovereignty of Napoleon ceased as soon as he died but the Kingdom of Christ is eternal.


September 11, 1912

Day 154: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Journey So Far: Month Five 239 Days article
Highlights from the fifth month of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s journey through North America.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY People from as far away as Spokane and Ottawa came to visit ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Mr. Collins from Ottawa, who said that there were two thousand people in his city who believed in this golden age and in ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and who wanted to have a glimpse of the Master…he minister of the Church of the Messiah was greatly pleased to hear the Master’s teachings. He stated that they could not be contradicted by anyone.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY Newspapers refer to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá as “The Prince of the East” which ‘Abdu’l-Bahá did not welcome. He spoke with the reporters about the beginning and end of creation.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY Some believers are like “… trees that have strong roots …” Storms cannot shake them; rather, they add to their freshness.
Mahmud’s Diary: September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY The Master paid home visits to two friends who were ill the neighborhood children crowded around Him, gazing at Him with reverence…He then distributed the coins among the children
Mahmud’s Diary: September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY Minister of Church of the Messiah testifies to the greatness of the Cause of God and encourages congregation to go to Bahá’í meetings the official church newsletter in which he had published an extensive article about the history and teachings of the Cause….‘You have left nothing for me to say here tonight. You have published everything in his booklet.’…each received illumination from the Branch of the Ancient Root…He continued to speak about the importance of this great journey until about 2:00 a.m. when He finally rested.

News Clips
Buffalo NY Express September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY ‘Abdu’l-Bahá an Optimist Thinks Religious Unity and World Peace Will Come Within Present Century – A PERSIAN PRINCE – Rich Enough to Travel With Retinue and to Pay All the Expenses of Trip. [‘Abdu’l-Baha]…always pays for entertainment of his meetings when entertaining is done, and never solicits contributions to his cause…The translations were in perfect English and beautiful in their eloquence…[prints full speech]…“In the world of existence, the greatest bounties emanate from love…“On the contrary, men are souls that are manifestations of Satanic influences – lack of love, hatred…“The earth is not the man’s life. It is his ultimate cemetery, and it is not becoming for men to quarrel over a cemetery. All this generation will have this land for graves not for a place of enjoyment. If it be a temporary place of life, it is an everlasting graveyard, and it will swallow all mankind, and all that inhabits it will be within its very bowels.“Man’s heart must be attached to God. He must seek the life everlasting.
Buffalo New York Courier September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY Persian Peace Apostle Predicts War in Europe “The continent of Europe is one vast arsenal, which only requires one spark at its foundations and the whole of Europe will become a wasted wilderness. “And what flimsy, what impudent pretexts they use. Patriotism, say they; glory, say they; the upbuilding of the continent, say they. What a travesty on God’s truth.”
Buffalo New York Enquirer September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY Message of Love Conveyed by Bahá BEAUTIFUL WORDS – Prince and Prophet Prays for Universal Peace — Europe One Vast Arsenal of Strife.
Buffalo New York Times September 11, 1912 Buffalo, NY Persian Teacher, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Abbas, Scents Great War So Called Prophet of Peace ppeals to Buffalonians to Help Avert Strife.
The Montreal Daily Star September 11, 1912 Montreal, QC Canada Should Prepare For Great War Coming, Says Apostle of Peace Universal Peace Only Possible by Common Disarmament. But Europe is an Armed Camp; War Threatens England and Canada Must be Ready to Take a Hand Says ‘Abdu’l-Bahá – [detailed article about war] ‘Abdu’l-Bahá then told a little story to illustrate his point of reciprocity of action: The Turning of the Other Cheek…


September 10, 1912

Day 153: Jim Loft and the Man on the Train 239 Days article
A four year old Mohawk boy, Jim Loft, watches a passing train, and sees something he will only make sense of decades later.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY A great number of people came to visit ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in Buffalo The teachings so touched the hearts of the people that when the Master went out in the afternoon, passersby who saw Him pointed to Him, saying: ‘Look! There goes the Messenger of Peace, the Prophet from the East!’
Mahmud’s Diary: September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visits Niagara Falls
Mahmud’s Diary: September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY An example of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s affection and tenderness
Mahmud’s Diary: September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY Buffalo Newspapers publish welcoming and supportive articles
Mahmud’s Diary: September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s talk breathed a new spirit of love and joy into friends and seekers alike
Mahmud’s Diary: September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY A huge courteous crowd lined up in the street as the Master strolled along store fronts
Mahmud’s Diary: September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY An example of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s simple dinner For dinner ‘Abdu’l-Bahá ate a little bread and cheese and went to bed for the night.

News Clips
Buffalo New York Enquirer September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY Prophet and Prince of Royal Persian Blood In Buffalo
Hail, ‘Abdul-Bahá Abbas – Universal Peace and Unity of the World His Aim, Without Asking Followers to Relinquish Their Respective Religions.
Buffalo New York Times September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY Prophet of Peace Comes to Buffalo ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Has Arrived and Believers of the Bahá’í Cult Are Rejoicing.
Buffalo NY News September 10, 1912 Buffalo, NY Head of Oriental “Equality of Man” Cult in Buffalo

Early African American Baha’is
Black Plato and the Harlem Renaissance Alain Locke CHRISTOPHER BUCK | MAY 25, 2014 PART 15 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org


September 9, 1912

Day 152: The Golden Horseshoe Returns ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to … 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá’ rides the train from Montreal, through the industrializing cities of southern Ontario, to Buffalo.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 9, 1912 Montreal Preparations to leave Montreal for Buffalo
Mahmud’s Diary: September 9, 1912 Montreal The meaning of the first coming of Christ from “heaven”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 9, 1912 Although train ride was exhausting on ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, He considered such discomforts as “greatest bounties”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 9, 1912 The green scenery would remind Him of Bahá’u’lláh
Mahmud’s Diary: September 9, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá busy with work while travelling
Mahmud’s Diary: September 9, 1912 The Master’s face opened up like a rose when He was told that the chief Custom officer didn’t see a need to examine the effects of the Bahá’ís

How Abdu’l-Baha Touched the Lives of Certain Notable Individuals
Animated Video: Through Their Eyes – Meeting Abdu’l-Baha “Through Their Eyes” is a short animation that brings to life how Abdu’l-Baha touched the lives of certain notable individuals. We get a glimpse of what the Lebanese poet, writer, and artist Khalil Gibran said about Abdu’l-Baha after they met in New York, how the Japanese poet Yone Nogushi described Abdu’l-Baha’s teachings, and also how Abdu’l-Baha’s unbounded love influenced Lady Blomfield, a humanitarian and child rights activist from Great Britain.

How Abdu’l-Baha Influenced the Education of Girls in Iran
Animated Video: Breaking the Chains: The Story of the Girls Schools in Iran
Only 5% of the population of Iran had access to basic writing skills and knowledge of sciences was kept exclusively to men, and breaking a cycle of thousands of years of oppression was no small feat. That’s when Tahirih and Abdu’l-Baha come into the story.

Persian Version of Videos:
– کلید رهایی درون قفس (Through Their Eyes)
شکفتن از شکاف سنگ (Breaking the Chains: The Story of the Girls School of Iran)


September 8, 1912

Day 151: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Bids Farewell to Montreal 239 Days article
Our guest writer for the Montreal sequence, Tony Michel, reflects on ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s time in the city.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 8, 1912 Montreal “I have sown the seed … You must water it.”
Mahmud’s Diary:September 8, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá recalled His imprisonment: “…we were imprisoned for the Cause of God and not for political reasons …”
Mahmud’s Diary:September 8, 1912 Montreal Last day in Montreal

William Sutherland Maxwell (1874 – 1952) Hand of the Cause of God, architect of the superstructure to the Shrine of the Báb

Mary (May) Bolles Maxwell’s Childhood Dream Comes to Life Lights of ‘Irfán Book Twelve – Mayfowers in the Ville Lumière: the Dawning of Bahá’í History in the European Continent by Julio Savi – … a young American lady becomes the catalyst for the spiritual awakening of a group of early God-intoxicated believers. May’s story begins the series but for a shorter version go to the bottom of page 284.


September 7, 1912

Day 150: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Montreal Odyssey 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá explores Montreal city by carriage, tram, and foot, and acquires a genuine Montreal head cold as a souvenir.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 6, 1912 Montreal Just like the physical four seasons “in the realm of religion there is the season of heavenly and spiritual springtime.”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 7, 1912 Montreal Followers of all religions agree that “a mediator between the Creator and the creatures is needed.”

News Clips
Harbor Grace Standard September 7, 1912 Montreal, QC Persian Peace Prophet Gives Message to Canada through the Standard
Comments on Great Prosperity of This Country — His Remarkable, Varied and Romantic Career.
A venerable, gray haired man, older than his years, with flowing locks and patriarchial beard, the furrows of suffering on his still handsome and striking face, and lines telling of deep and anxious thought upon his brow, this is ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, leader of the Bahá’í peace movement, who has come to preach his gospel of universal brotherhood and love to the people of Canada.

Early African American Baha’is
America and Social Salvation Alain Locke speaks on the “salvation of democracy” CHRISTOPHER BUCK | JAN 12, 2019 PART 53 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org


September 6, 1912

Day 149: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in Montreal’s Not-So-Yellow Press 239 Days article
Montreal’s papers battle for readership, publishing both accurate and surprising coverage of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s time in the city.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 6, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá delayed His departure from Montreal due to a cold
Mahmud’s Diary: September 6, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá decides to visit the friends in California
Mahmud’s Diary: September 6, 1912 Montreal Mr. Maxwell’s attitude towards the Faith improved drastically after meeting ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: September 6, 1912 Montreal We should “cling to those things which prove to be the cause of happiness for the world of man.”
Mahmud’s Diary: September 6, 1912 Montreal “Children are the ornaments of the home…”

News Clips
Biddeford Maine Weekly Journal September 6, 1912 Biddeford, ME ‘Abdu’l-Bahá at Greenacre Conferences Impressions Made by the Eastern Master Upon His Hearers
…Picture a tall, commanding figure, with white hair and beard, eyes that, though blue, give the impression of dark eyes, so deep and keen are they, with a haunting something in their depths; a long black robe, and white fez; a firm, fine hand; this is the outward appearance of the master. His personality impresses those who meet him in various ways, according to their own temperaments; but all feel the power of the man. He is always ready to give his time to people who wish to meet him, even planning an audience for the colored servants at the Inn. When they were assembled before him, he addressed them somewhat as follows, the report is from memory: “Friends, I have asked to see you that I may talk to you of your relations to your fellowmen and to God. Though your skins are black and you are different from the people around you, your souls are not different; they may be as white as any man’s. I beg you to pray to God that you may be honest and truthful, that you may do your work well, that you may be faithful, and may live so that your souls may be close to God. I myself will supplicate God for you that you may be good and true. I had a servant once, black like you, but no man had ever a soul more white. I thank you all for your kindness to me; you have worked hard to prepare pleasant food for me; you have labored for my comfort, while I have been at ease. I thank you, and I will supplicate God for you, that he may help you.”
The Montreal Daily Herald September 6, 1912 Montreal, QC Church and Bench Give a Farewell Tribute to Sage Rev. Dr. Symonds, who presided, remarked that it was a great mistake to think the West could learn nothing from the East, while Recorder Weir referred to the lecturer as one who was in the lofty succession of the line of prophets. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s presence was proof, the Recorder said, that the race of prophets was not yet extinct.
Montreal Le Devoir September 6, 1912 Montreal, QC Le Prophete Abul Bahá
Montreal La presse September 6, 1912 Montreal, QC Depart d’Abdul-Bahá

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
PUP: September 5, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s address to Socialists and Labor leaders in Coronation Hall Montreal, Canada Man is in Need of Continuous Cooperation and Reciprocity Is it possible for one member of a family to be subjected to the utmost misery and to abject poverty and for the rest of the family to be comfortable? It is impossible unless those members of the family be senseless, atrophied, inhospitable, unkind…The purport is this, that we are all inhabiting one globe of earth. In reality we are one family, and each one of us is a member of this family. We must all be in the greatest happiness and comfort, under a just rule and regulation which is according to the good pleasure of God, thus causing us to be happy, for this life is fleeting… But in the divine teachings equality is brought about through a ready willingness to share. It is commanded as regards wealth that the rich among the people, and the aristocrats should, by their own free will and for the sake of their own happiness, concern themselves with and care for the poor. This equality is the result of the lofty characteristics and noble attributes of mankind.


September 5, 1912

Day 148: Principles for a Modern Religion 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá tells 1,200 people at St. James Methodist Church in Montreal how religion must change.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 5, 1912 Montreal The Bishop of Montreal, a Jewish rabbi, and the editor of an illustrated Toronto magazine came to visit the Master
Mahmud’s Diary: September 5, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s reaction to being referred to as a ‘Prophet’
Mahmud’s Diary: September 5, 1912 Montreal At the end of His talk at the Methodist Church a judge repeatedly expressed his desire to become a Bahá’í

News Clips
The Montreal Gazette September 5, 1912 Montreal, QC Socialism Must Be Met ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Continues Lectures on Modern Conditions. Real and spiritual brotherhood was that which was ready to endure hardship, suffering and sacrifice, as exemplified in the lives of the prophets. If the problems of socialism were to be solved, it must be on the lines of establishing this spiritual brotherhood.
The Montreal Daily Star September 5, 1912 Montreal, QC Socialism Not Cure For Evils of Present Day ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Says Only Spiritual Brotherhood is Effective * KINGS ARE NOT AT EASE, NOR ARE THEIR PEOPLES * Says to Bring Earthly Paradise Out of the Potential and Into the Real.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
PUP: September 5, 1912 Talk at St. James Methodist Church Montreal, Canada Bounties of the Holy Spirit are Continuous I am looking upon the faces of those who are earnest in their search for reality and who sincerely long to attain knowledge of truth. God has created man and endowed him with the power of reason whereby he may arrive at valid conclusions. Therefore, man must endeavor in all things to investigate the fundamental reality. If he does not independently investigate, he has failed to utilize the talent God has bestowed upon him. I am pleased with the American people because, as a rule, they are independent seekers of the truth; their minds are actively employed instead of remaining idle and unproductive… Some souls imagine that there is a cessation to the bounties of God, as if at one time the divine bestowals are poured out, at another time withheld from mankind and ceasing…The cessation of the bestowals of God at any time would be equivalent to the cessation of the sovereignty of God… Therefore, the sound reasoning mind concludes that the bounties of the Holy Spirit are continuous and that holy souls are ever the recipients of these divine emanations. The potency of the Holy Spirit is everlasting, not temporary… Unless the mirror reflects the sunlight, it is only dark, inanimate matter. Likewise, the hearts and spirits of mankind, when deprived and without their portion of the bounties of the Holy Spirit, linger in the abyss of darkness and ignorance…From time immemorial the divine teachings have been successively revealed, and the bounties of the Holy Spirit have ever been emanating. All the teachings are one reality, for reality is single and does not admit multiplicity. Therefore, the divine Prophets are one, inasmuch as They reveal the one reality, the Word of God…the words of Bahá’u’lláh are the essences of the words of the Prophets of the past. They are the very spirit of the age and the cause of the unity and illumination of the East and the West. The followers of His teachings are in conformity with the precepts and commands of all the former heavenly Messengers…

…O Lord! Render the eyes perceptive that they may witness the lights of Thy Kingdom. Render the ears attentive that they may hear the heavenly summons. Resuscitate the spirits that they may be exhilarated through the breath of the Holy Spirit. O Lord! Verily, we are weak, but Thou art almighty. We are poor, but Thou art rich. Have mercy upon us. Apportion unto us a goodly share of Thy realities, and lead us into the arena of Thine attainments. Thou art the Powerful. Thou art the Able. Thou art the kind Lord.

Note: The other PUP talk for September 5, will be posted tomorrow.


September 4, 1912

Day 147: Economics and Spirituality 239 Days article
In Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá discusses why contemporary economic solutions cannot solve the world’s problems.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 4, 1912 Montreal Our thoughts should be turned toward bringing the blessed teachings of Bahá’u’lláh into practice
Mahmud’s Diary: September 4, 1912 Montreal A short trip to Mount Royal
Mahmud’s Diary: September 4, 1912 Montreal Attributing all success to Bahá’u’lláh’s assistance
Mahmud’s Diary: September 4, 1912 Montreal The value and greatness of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s travels will become apparent later
Mahmud’s Diary: September 4, 1912 Montreal Audience fascinated by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s demeanor and words

News Clips
The Montreal Daily Star September 4, 1912 Montreal, QC Earth Should Be Paradise, Says Seer ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Tells Socialists About His Scheme for a General Distribution of Wealth. UPHOLDS DISTINCTIONS IN PEOPLE’S SOCIAL POSITION | But Says All Should Pay Tithes Graduated According to the Net Income.
Montreal Le Devoir September 4, 1912 Montreal, QC Une Conference d’Abdu’l-Bahá
Montreal La presse September 4, 1912 Montreal, QC Une Conference D’Abdu’l-Bahá, Le Sage Turc


September 3, 1912

Day 146: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and Montreal’s Socialists 239 Days article
Abdu’l-Bahá speaks to an audience of 500 in Montreal and suggests new ways to alleviate poverty.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 3, 1912 Montreal Meeting with some professors and clergymen
Mahmud’s Diary: September 3, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s adventure in Montreal
Mahmud’s Diary: September 3, 1912 Montreal An example of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s multi-tasking ability
Mahmud’s Diary: September 3, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s address on economics and principle of moderation was enthusiastically received

News Clips
London Ontario paper September 3, 1912 London, ON Bahá’í Revelation Comes to City Oriental Faith of the Reformed Mohammedanism Type Has Followers Here.
Buffalo New York Enquirer September 3, 1912 Buffalo, NY This is Bahá’ísm Persia is showing to the world an example of religious unity that seems to make western efforts in the same line appear elementary. Mohammedans, Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians are finding a point of approach without surrendering the vital elements of their individual faiths…You can be a Bahá’í without ceasing to be a Christian, a Jew or a Mohammedan.

Songs by Luke Scott in Honour of the Centenary of the Passing of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
Whatever We Are (Still Are We Thine) from his Home of Light album being release one song at a time from August to November.
Ask Whatsoever Thou Wishest from his Home of Light album


September 5, 1912

Day 148: Principles for a Modern Religion 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá tells 1,200 people at St. James Methodist Church in Montreal how religion must change.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 5, 1912 Montreal The Bishop of Montreal, a Jewish rabbi, and the editor of an illustrated Toronto magazine came to visit the Master
Mahmud’s Diary: September 5, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s reaction to being referred to as a ‘Prophet’
Mahmud’s Diary: September 5, 1912 Montreal At the end of His talk at the Methodist Church a judge repeatedly expressed his desire to become a Bahá’í

News Clips
The Montreal Gazette September 5, 1912 Montreal, QC Socialism Must Be Met ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Continues Lectures on Modern Conditions. Real and spiritual brotherhood was that which was ready to endure hardship, suffering and sacrifice, as exemplified in the lives of the prophets. If the problems of socialism were to be solved, it must be on the lines of establishing this spiritual brotherhood.
The Montreal Daily Star September 5, 1912 Montreal, QC Socialism Not Cure For Evils of Present Day ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Says Only Spiritual Brotherhood is Effective * KINGS ARE NOT AT EASE, NOR ARE THEIR PEOPLES * Says to Bring Earthly Paradise Out of the Potential and Into the Real.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
PUP: September 5, 1912 Talk at St. James Methodist Church Montreal, Canada Bounties of the Holy Spirit are Continuous I am looking upon the faces of those who are earnest in their search for reality and who sincerely long to attain knowledge of truth. God has created man and endowed him with the power of reason whereby he may arrive at valid conclusions. Therefore, man must endeavor in all things to investigate the fundamental reality. If he does not independently investigate, he has failed to utilize the talent God has bestowed upon him. I am pleased with the American people because, as a rule, they are independent seekers of the truth; their minds are actively employed instead of remaining idle and unproductive… Some souls imagine that there is a cessation to the bounties of God, as if at one time the divine bestowals are poured out, at another time withheld from mankind and ceasing…The cessation of the bestowals of God at any time would be equivalent to the cessation of the sovereignty of God… Therefore, the sound reasoning mind concludes that the bounties of the Holy Spirit are continuous and that holy souls are ever the recipients of these divine emanations. The potency of the Holy Spirit is everlasting, not temporary… Unless the mirror reflects the sunlight, it is only dark, inanimate matter. Likewise, the hearts and spirits of mankind, when deprived and without their portion of the bounties of the Holy Spirit, linger in the abyss of darkness and ignorance…From time immemorial the divine teachings have been successively revealed, and the bounties of the Holy Spirit have ever been emanating. All the teachings are one reality, for reality is single and does not admit multiplicity. Therefore, the divine Prophets are one, inasmuch as They reveal the one reality, the Word of God…the words of Bahá’u’lláh are the essences of the words of the Prophets of the past. They are the very spirit of the age and the cause of the unity and illumination of the East and the West. The followers of His teachings are in conformity with the precepts and commands of all the former heavenly Messengers…

…O Lord! Render the eyes perceptive that they may witness the lights of Thy Kingdom. Render the ears attentive that they may hear the heavenly summons. Resuscitate the spirits that they may be exhilarated through the breath of the Holy Spirit. O Lord! Verily, we are weak, but Thou art almighty. We are poor, but Thou art rich. Have mercy upon us. Apportion unto us a goodly share of Thy realities, and lead us into the arena of Thine attainments. Thou art the Powerful. Thou art the Able. Thou art the kind Lord.

Note: ‘Abdu’l-Baha gave two talks on September 5. Today I posted the talk that was referred to in the 239 Days article with some excerpts. The other talk will be posted tomorrow.


September 1, 1912

Day 144: Blood Shed Over “Imaginary Lines” 239 Days article
At the Church of the Messiah in Montreal, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá critiques the imaginary divisions created by humanity.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: September 1, 1912 Montreal Sitting next to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in the carriage
Mahmud’s Diary: September 1, 1912 Montreal A young child emulates his mother’s faith in the Master
Mahmud’s Diary: September 1, 1912 Montreal During a talk at His residence the Master spoke so excitedly that His taj fell from His head
Mahmud’s Diary: September 1, 1912 Montreal The Master’s first talk in Montreal was enthusiastically received by the audience – causing a wonderful change of heart in the people of Montreal
Mahmud’s Diary: September 1, 1912 Montreal A prayer revealed and chanted by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in Canada
Mahmud’s Diary: September 1, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s first public talk in Canada
Mahmud’s Diary: September 1, 1912 Montreal Very dignified and respectful introduction of the Master by the pastor of the Unitarian Church

News Clips
Portland Oregon Oregonian September 1, 1912 Portland, OR ‘Abdu’l-Bahá is Coming on Tour in the Interest of His Religion Leader of Religions Movement Which Claims Three Million Followers Soon to Visit Portland — Votaries Term Him “Prophet of God.” “‘Abdu’l-Bahá is coming!” “‘Abdu’l-Bahá is coming!”…Everywhere he left a profound impression. His wisdom is said to be a marvel to all who have met him. He shows the greatest familiarity with the Bible and all the holy books of the different religions. He charms men of learning and devotes his life to succoring the poor and unfortunate. …‘Abdu’l-Bahá replied: “What would you say if I prove to you, that woman is the stronger wing?” And the suffragist responded, “You would earn my eternal gratitude.”

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha
September 1, 1912 Talk at Church of the Messiah Montreal, Canada The Foundation of the Religions of God is One Foundation
The Prophets of God have been the servants of reality; Their teachings constitute the science of reality. Reality is one; it does not admit plurality. We conclude, therefore, that the foundation of the religions of God is one foundation…The cause of the creation of the phenomenal world is love. All the Prophets have promulgated the law of love…the revelations of all the Prophets of the past have been in perfect unity and agreement, that the heavenly Books have confirmed each other; therefore, why should contention and strife exist among the people?…the religion or guidance of God must be the means of love and fellowship in the world. If religion proves to be the source of hatred, enmity and contention, if it becomes the cause of warfare and strife and influences men to kill each other, its absence is preferable…religion must be in accord with science and reason. If it does not correspond with scientific principles and the processes of reason, it is superstition.
September 1, 1912 Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. William Sutherland Maxwell – Montreal, Canada God Created Man With the Potential Power to Attain His Likeness
We must pray that they may be reborn, that they may attain insight and spiritual hearing, that they may receive the gift of another heart, a new transcendent power, and in the eternal world the unending bestowal of divine bounties.
September 1, 1912 Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. William Sutherland Maxwell – Montreal, Canada Proofs of the Immortality of the Spirit of Man
…consider the world of dreams, wherein the body of man is immovable, seemingly dead, not subject to sensation; the eyes do not see, the ears do not hear nor the tongue speak. But the spirit of man is not asleep; it sees, hears, moves, perceives and discovers realities. Therefore, it is evident that the spirit of man is not affected by the change or condition of the body. Even though the material body should die, the spirit continues eternally alive, just as it exists and functions in the inert body in the realm of dreams. That is to say, the spirit is immortal and will continue its existence after the destruction of the body.


August 31, 1912

Day 143: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Tells Canada: “Be Happy!” 239 Days article
In Montreal, Canada, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá tells newspapers that Canadians should thank God that they are so blessed.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 31, 1912 Montreal A pastor and a reporter were among the first Canadians to visit ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: August 31, 1912 Montreal Universities should allow students opportunities to expound divine philosophies along with natural sciences
Mahmud’s Diary: August 31, 1912 Montreal “Every city in which the remembrance of God is raised is a divine city.”
Mahmud’s Diary: August 31, 1912 Montreal Canadian custom officer didn’t see a need to inspect ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s luggage
Mahmud’s Diary: August 31, 1912 MontrealTo walk in the footsteps of the Disciples of Christ
Mahmud’s Diary: August 31, 1912 Montreal An example of the power of the Word of God
Mahmud’s Diary: August 31, 1912 Montreal “…this is the time to work. We must not think of our fatigue.”

News Clips
The Montreal Daily Star August 31, 1912 Montreal, QC Apostle of Peace Here Predicts an Appalling War in the Old World Europe Heading Straight for a Terrific Conflict, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Declares. “Be Happy! Your in Canada, live in a magnificent, peaceful country. Be happy!”

Video
Bahá’í Shrine in Montreal The Significance of the Shrine ‘Abdu’l-Bahá stayed in the home of May and William Sutherland Maxwell during His ten-day visit to Montreal in 1912. This house is now the only Bahá’í Shrine in Canada because of its association with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit. (Scroll down to video with roses)


August 30, 1912

Day 142: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Arrives in Montreal 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá crosses into Canada to visit May Maxwell of Montreal, one of the first westerners to meet him in ‘Akká in 1899.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 30, 1912 Montreal ‘Abdu’l-Bahá arrives in Montreal and goes directly to Maxwell home with Sutherland Maxwell

Video
`Abdu’l-Bahá in Canada `Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit to Montreal from August 30, to September 9, 1912.


August 29, 1912

Day 141: William Henry Randall and a Glass of Grape Juice 239 Days article
An unexpected encounter with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá leaves one Bostonian with a lesson in humility.
Great is the power of the intellect but until it becomes the servant of the heart it is of little avail.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 29, 1912 Malden, MA “… your reward is with Bahá’u’lláh.”

News Clips
Portland Oregon Journal August 29, 1912 Persian Head Of Bahá’ís Will Pay Portland A Visit He has been received with unusual respect and esteem, not only by the followers of his teaching but also by churches of many denominations, institutions of learning, peace organizations and societies of various kinds. Preparations are under way to receive the famous Persian upon his arrival in Portland in a manner befitting his dignity and great learning.(Gives the history of the persecution of the Bab and Baha’u’llah) Abbas, Effendi…had been born in Teheran at the very hour when the Báb was first uttering his proclamation of the great Coming in the city of Shiraz. Bahá’u’lláh…appointed his son, Abbas, Effendi, to be the “Center of the Covenant” of unity and peace…He addressed the congregation in St. John’s church, Westminster, two days after his arrival in London, at the invitation of Bishop Wilberforce. In April, 1912, he came to America to keep an engagement with the Lake Mohonk Peace society. To the students at Columbia he praised their efforts to acquire knowledge of material sciences, and urged their greater attention to spiritual sciences. He likened the material civilization to the body of which the spiritual civilization is the soul, and said that, where as the soul might live without the body, the body could not exist without the soul. He likened the two civilizations to wings; if either were crippled, no true attainment were possible.

PUP: August 29, 1912 Talk at Home of Madame Morey, Malden, Massachusetts God Has Given Man the Eye of Investigation
Nations are devoted to conquest and bloodshed, filled with the animus of religious hatred, seeking the good pleasure of God by killing and destroying those whom in their blindness they consider enemies…That which is forbidden by God they consider acceptable to Him…He must not be an imitator or blind follower of any soul. He must not rely implicitly upon the opinion of any man without investigation; nay, each soul must seek intelligently and independently, arriving at a real conclusion and bound only by that reality…Through failure to investigate reality the Jews rejected Jesus Christ…(Goes into great detail on this subject) Each human creature has individual endowment, power and responsibility in the creative plan of God. Therefore, depend upon your own reason and judgment and adhere to the outcome of your own investigation; otherwise, you will be utterly submerged in the sea of ignorance and deprived of all the bounties of God. Turn to God, supplicate humbly at His threshold, seeking assistance and confirmation, that God may rend asunder the veils that obscure your vision. Then will your eyes be filled with illumination, face to face you will behold the reality of God and your heart become completely purified from the dross of ignorance, reflecting the glories and bounties of the Kingdom…man must free himself from the weeds of ignorance, thorns of superstitions and thistles of imitations that he may discover reality in the harvests of true knowledge. Otherwise, the discovery of reality is impossible, contention and divergence of religious belief will always remain, and mankind, like ferocious wolves, will rage and attack each other in hatred and antagonism…. Just now the soil of human hearts seems like black earth, but in the innermost substance of this dark soil there are thousands of fragrant flowers latent. We must endeavor to cultivate and awaken these potentialities, discover the secret treasure in this very mine and depository of God, bring forth these resplendent powers long hidden in human hearts. Then will the glories of both worlds be blended and increased and the quintessence of human existence be made manifest….


August 28, 1912

Day 140: The Responsibilities of Oneness 239 Days article
At Boston’s Metaphysical Club, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá offers advice on how the abstract notion of oneness applies in everyday life.
“We must exercise extreme patience, sympathy and love toward all mankind,” he said, “considering no soul as rejected. If we look upon a soul as rejected, we have disobeyed the teachings of God.”

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 28, 1912 Malden, MA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá attributes uplifting meetings to confirmations and assistance from Bahá’u’lláh
Mahmud’s Diary: August 28, 1912 Malden, MA An example of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s caring nature and patience
Mahmud’s Diary: August 28, 1912 Malden, MA Receptive souls were touched by just entering the presence of the Master

Most likely the Talk referenced yesterday by the Chairman of the Theosophical Society in his introduction of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
PUP: May 23, 1912 Talk at Free Religious Association, or Unitarian Conference Boston, Massachusetts All Created Forms are Progressive in their Planes
(See below: Mahmud’s Diary: August 27, 1912 Malden, MA – Chairman of Theosophical Society gives impressive introduction about ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to audience of five-hundred)


August 27, 1912

Day 139: Women’s Work 239 Days article
At Franklin Square House in Boston, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá speaks to working women about how to get ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 27, 1912 Malden, MA Chairman of Theosophical Society gives impressive introduction about ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to audience of five-hundred

PUP: August 27, 1912 Talk at Metaphysical Club Boston, Massachusetts The Progressive and Perpetual Motion of Elemental Atoms I shall discourse upon a subject involving one of the divine questions, a question of religious and metaphysical importance — namely, the progressive and perpetual motion of elemental atoms throughout the various degrees of phenomena and the kingdoms of existence. It will be demonstrated and become evident that the origin and outcome of phenomena are identical and that there is an essential oneness in all existing things. This is a subtle principle appertaining to divine philosophy and requiring close analysis and attention.


August 26, 1912

Day 138: August 26, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá continues his stay in the Boston area, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 26, 1912 Malden, MA “In the world of existence nothing is greater than faithfulness …”
This visit is a proof of faithfulness, proof that we have not forgotten one another. In the world of existence nothing is greater than faithfulness, for it allows love to remain unimpaired in spite of the length of time. Behold how faithful were those blessed souls in Persia…

News Clips
Boston Massachusetts Evening Transcript August 26, 1912 Boston, MA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Returns – Public Invited to Hear Persian Scholar in Metaphysical Club Hall Tonight Sunday evening…‘Abdu’l-Bahá [had] addressed an audience which thronged the hall, in the characteristically calm and serene manner about the spiritual forces of life and the many manifestations, on all sides, of the close relation between the unseen and the real worlds.

PUP: August 26, 1912 Talk at Franklin Square House Boston, Massachusetts
Evidence of Woman’s Superiority,… Her Service in Universal Peace

He gives examples of women in history that proved themselves to be of superlative capacity and determination..peers of man in intellect and equally, courageous. (Zenobia, Cleopatra, Russian Queen, Catherine, Victoria, Queen of England, Mary Magdalene, became the means of consolation and confirmation to the disciples of Christ, and Qurratu’l-‘Ayn who was listened to reverently by the most learned men, were most respectful in her presence, and none dared to contradict her.)

Each is the complement of the other in the divine creative plan…The only distinction between them in the sight of God is the purity and righteousness of their deeds and actions…Demonstrations of force…are neither becoming nor effective in the cause of womanhood and equality. Woman must especially devote her energies and abilities toward the industrial and agricultural sciences, seeking to assist mankind in that which is most needful.

Therefore, strive to show in the human world that women are most capable and efficient, that their hearts are more tender and susceptible than the hearts of men, that they are more philanthropic and responsive toward the needy and suffering, that they are inflexibly opposed to war and are lovers of peace. Strive that the ideal of international peace may become realized through the efforts of womankind, for man is more inclined to war than woman, and a real evidence of woman’s superiority will be her service and efficiency in the establishment of universal peace.


August 25, 1912

Day 137: A Few Thoughts on the Potential of Youth 239 Days article
One of our writers shares her thoughts, and a story, about the capabilities of young people.
‘Abdu’l-Baha… the period of youth “stands out as the choicest time of human life.” He told young people to be distinguished for their “loftiness of purpose,” “determination, noble mindedness,” and “tenacity.”

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 25, 1912 Malden, MA Conquest of the dominion of the hearts and souls of men by the Manifestations of God
Mahmud’s Diary: August 25, 1912 Malden, MA Visiting the sick He stopped by the home of one of the friends whose wife was ill with consumption [tuberculosis].

PUP: August 25, 1912 Talk at the New Thought Forum, Metaphysical Club Boston, Massachusetts
Rebirth of the Spirit of Man is Through the Science of the Love of God

Therefore, we must strive with life and heart that the material and physical world may be reformed, human perception become keener, the merciful effulgence manifest and the radiance of reality shine…Therefore, thoughts must be lofty and ideals uplifted in order that the world of humanity may become assisted in new conditions of reform…

If these material tendencies are in such need of reformation, how much greater the need in the world of the human spirit, the world of human thought, perception, virtues and bounties! Is it possible that that need has remained stationary while the world has been advancing in every other condition and direction? It is impossible.

Therefore, we must invoke and supplicate God and strive with the utmost effort in order that the world of human existence in all its degrees may receive a mighty impulse, complete human happiness be attained and the resuscitation of all spirits and emanations be realized through the boundless favor of the mercy of God.


August 24, 1912

Day 136: “The Unmistakable and Universal Reformation” 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá improvises a talk on spiritual reformation at the New Thought Forum in Boston.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 24, 1912 Malden, MA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá revealed Tablets and received visitors
Mahmud’s Diary: August 24, 1912 Malden, MA Forgiveness of sins depends upon one’s obedience to the admonitions of the Prophets of God

News Clips
The Montreal Daily Star August 24, 1912 Montreal, QC ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Oriental Prophet, and Leader, Here Soon. HEAD OF WORLD-WIDE “BAHAI” PEACE CULT – Unity of All Religion and Universal Peace is His Gospel. “War must cease,” ‘Abdu’l-Bahá declares. “There is something above and beyond patriotism, and it is better to love your fellowmen than to love only your countrymen. When we see this and know in very truth the brotherhood of man, war will appear to us in its true light as an outrage on civilization, an act of madness and blindness.

Magazine Clip from 1911
The Light in the Lantern by E. S. (Ethel Stefana) Stevens published in Everybody’s Magazine, pages 775-786 – 1911-12-01 (Everybody’s Magazine was an American magazine published from 1899 to 1929. The magazine was headquartered in New York City.)

Come with me now to the Master’s home in Haifa, that you may hear from his own lips the simple tenets of the Bahá faith. We shall have scant trouble in finding it, for every dragoman, cab-driver, and street urchin in the town will vociferously urge his services as guide to the residence of the Persian Prophet, as Abbas Effendi is locally called. The hour when the sun sinks behind the Samarian hills is his time for receiving visitors; and, however long and tiring his day’s work has been, he never refuses to admit and talk with those who have any just claim upon his time, though no Bahá’í would presume to visit Haifa without first obtaining his permission.

His white-walled, red-roofed, rose-smothered house, different in no respect from the dwellings of the Saviour’s day, is as simple within as without, for he lives, though wholly without affectation, in the utmost plainness. Leaving our shoes without the door, after the Oriental fashion, we enter a reception room, spacious, airy, and spotless, its woodwork and undecorated walls painted white, and the low divans that encircle it covered in unpretentious linen. It is a room with many windows, and jars of blushing roses stand on every table, for, as a result of his long imprisonment, perhaps, Abbas Effendi requires a wealth of light and flowers.

Just at sunset, the pilgrims and disciples enter with bent heads and folded hands and seat themselves silently about the room. For each man as he enters, Abbas Effendi has a kindly greeting, a tactful remark, a personal inquiry, or sometimes a humorous sally, which brings a flittering smile to the grave faces — for with these pilgrims this is a solemn and impressive moment. Most of them have suffered for their faith, and many of them have traveled far for this meeting with the Master.


August 23, 1912

Day 135: Sarah J. Farmer: One of America’s Great Religious… 239 Days article
While Sarah J. Farmer continues to pay the price of being a visionary, she and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá take a walk together on Eliot’s…

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 23, 1912 Green Acre, ME Leaving Green Acre while friends lined both sides of the road

News Clips
Boston Mass Post August 23, 1912 Boston, MA Persian to Plead for World Peace In a recent interview he said: “In this day every subject that is presented to a thoughtful audience must be done so with rational proofs corroborated with logical illustrations.”

The Mountain of God by E. S. (Ethel Stefana) Stevens
Sympathetic portrayal by a non-Baha’i of Abdu’l-Baha and the small band of Bahá’ís who lived in Haifa and ‘Akká early in 20th Century. Fiction. Published in World Order, Spring & Summer 1970, This issue of World Order offers its readers a special treat: excerpts from a novel… The Mountain of God, was published in London in 1911. A significant historical document. The author spent considerable time in Haifa and ‘Akka before 1911, met the small group of dedicated Baha’is resident there, among them the great calligrapher, Mishkin Qalam, and attained the presence of ‘Abdu’l-Baha. This unforgettable experience is recorded in the pages of The Mountain of God.


August 22, 1912

Day 134:The Battles of Sarah J. Farmer 239 Days article
Sarah J. Farmer faces stiff opposition from powerful men as she builds Green Acre during the 1890s.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 22, 1912 Green Acre, ME So many people eager to see ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: August 22, 1912 Green Acre, ME A survivor of Titanic came to see the Master
Mahmud’s Diary: August 22, 1912 Green Acre, ME People appreciated new insights regarding harmony of science and religion
Mahmud’s Diary: August 22, 1912 Green Acre, ME Friends begged ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to receive a few words in His own handwriting
Mahmud’s Diary: August 22, 1912 Green Acre, ME Becoming extremely exhausted due to last day’s farewell visits

News Clips
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Post August 22, 1912 Pittsburgh, PA The Bahá’í Movement By Charles Mason Remey.

Some History of Green Acre and Sarah J. Farmer
Sarah Jane Farmer (1844-1916) Founder of Green Acre Bahá’í School Sarah Farmer was named by Shoghi Effendi as one of the nineteen Disciples of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.

The Rise and Fall of the Parliament of Religions at Greenacre by Robert P. Richardson – from a non-Bahá’í perspective, the process by which Greenacre became a purely Bahá’í facility. Richardson did not approve. He saw the conversion of Greenacre to a Bahá’í facility a failure to fulfill the ideal of the Parliament of Religions.


August 21, 1912

Day 133:“Within Greenacre’s Mystic Charm and Calm” 239 Days article
In 1899, Sarah Farmer describes the “Greenacre spirit” to a journalist from Lewiston, Maine, during a stroll among the grounds.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 21, 1912 Green Acre, ME “The person who is satisfied with himself is the manifestation of Satan …” Mrs. Tatum said, ‘I feel so dejected today. I am unhappy with myself.’ The Master replied:This is a sign of progress.
Mahmud’s Diary: August 21, 1912 Green Acre, ME To become “delivered from the shackles of superstition”
Mahmud’s Diary: August 21, 1912 Green Acre, ME The transformative effect of seeing ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: August 21, 1912 Green Acre, ME A group of four hundred people sang in unison songs of praise to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá

Baha’i Blogcast with Rainn Wilson – Ep 68: Kathryn Hogenson (author of ‘Lighting the Western Sky’ ) She tells how she became a Baha’i and about Ruhiyyih Khanum and her time at the Baha’i World Centre. Beginning about 23 minutes in she talks about the first Western Baha’i pilgrims to the Holy Land, and how Abdu’l-Baha showed special favor to them. Note: It would be the American Baha’is that took up the main responsibility for spreading the Faith to many countries around the world.


August 20, 1912

Day 132: August 20, 1912: Fred Mortensen Rides the Rails 239 Days article
A former convict meets ‘Abdu’l-Bahá at Green Acre, in what becomes a life-altering experience.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 20, 1912 Green Acre, ME The youth who travelled 1200 miles by riding the rails to meet the Master Each day the Master bestowed kindness upon him and a few days later He gave him money to pay for his journey home. Unknown to anyone, the Master paid for many such expenses. Twice He sent a speaker from New York to Chicago and adjacent cities and on each occasion, although the person was rich, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá gave him more than enough money to defray the expenses of his journey. In addition, He liberally contributed to the poor and to the churches [in which He spoke] in every city.
Mahmud’s Diary: August 20, 1912 Green Acre, ME Sarah Farmer was overjoyed by the Master’s visit
Mahmud’s Diary: August 20, 1912 Green Acre, ME People do not appreciate the value of the Manifestations of God while They are alive People were even standing in the street to listen to Him. He spoke so beautifully about the relationship of the East and the West that passersby stopped to hear what He had to say.
Mahmud’s Diary: August 20, 1912 Green Acre, ME “Up to now in the Cause of the Blessed Beauty a development as great as this has not occurred.”
Mahmud’s Diary: August 20, 1912 Green Acre, ME Photo of ‘Abdu’l-Baha at Green Acre The Master asked, ‘Do you have trust in me?

The story of Fred Mortensen by Justin Penoyer – Includes some history of the beginnings of the Baha’i Faith in America


August 19, 1912

Day 131: August 19, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá settles in at Green Acre in Eliot, Maine, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 19, 1912 Green Acre, ME “Put your trust in the Blessed Beauty.” Put your trust in the Blessed Beauty. Every momentous work that one undertakes has difficulties in the beginning. One should withstand such difficulties with the utmost steadfastness. We who wish to raise this magnificent edifice must be as brave as the soldiers who are intent on conquering strong fortresses.
Mahmud’s Diary: August 19, 1912 Green Acre, ME Visit to a Summer School for Girls
Mahmud’s Diary: August 19, 1912 Green Acre, ME ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited a residence known as the Bahá’í House
Mahmud’s Diary: August 19, 1912 Green Acre, ME ‘Abdu’l-Bahá encountered some fortune tellers
Mahmud’s Diary: August 19, 1912 Green Acre, ME “…to pray and weep before the Court of God …”
Agnus Parsons’ Diary: August 19, 1912 Green Acre, ME The road was decorated with more than a thousand lanterns

PUP: August 17, 1912 Talk at Green Acre Eliot, Maine The Axis Around Which Life Revolves is Love
PUP: August 17, 1912 Talk at Green Acre Eliot, Maine The Worlds of God are in Perfect Harmony and Correspondence


August 18, 1912

Day 130: Hand-in-Hand with the Indomitable Kate Carew 239 Days article
Our producer comments on what he has found most surprising about the journey so far.
What immediately came to mind was ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s engagement with the issue of race…perhaps impossible for any of us to truly understand the racial milieu of 1912, and to grasp how singular it was for a man from the Middle East to arrive on American shores and begin to enact change…On further reflection, I realize that I have been continually surprised at how modern — or even American — ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was…This unlikely convergence is perhaps best exemplified in his interview with Kate Carew.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 18, 1912 Green Acre, ME ‘Abdu’l-Bahá preferred simple foods a visit to Charles Mason Remey’s home
Mahmud’s Diary: August 18, 1912 Green Acre, ME “… it would be well for you to give ear to our celestial songs.” Photo: Music sheet of “The New Jerusalem” by Louise (‘Shahnaz’) Waite dedicated to ‘Abdu’l-Baha
Mahmud’s Diary: August 18, 1912 Green Acre, ME The audience deeply moved by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s talk His melodious voice rang with majestic tones, moving the chairman of the conference to tears. As the Master was offering a prayer, one lady stood up and then fainted…[she said] It seemed to her that everyone in the audience was flying in heaven. Photo: Passport photo of Martha Root

PUP: August 17, 1912 Talk at Green Acre Eliot, Maine The Station of Man is Great, Very Great
PUP: August 17, 1912 Talk at Green Acre Eliot, Maine The Spirit Must Fortify Our Bodily Strength


August 19, 1912

Day 129: The Methods for Investigating Truth 239 Days article
To a packed house at Green Acre, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá speaks on the shortcomings of our ability distinguish the truth.
‘Abdu’l-Bahá set off for Portsmouth to visit Miss Farmer, who had been confined in a private sanatorium against her will for the past two years.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 17, 1912 Green Acre, ME ‘Abdu’l-Bahá encourages simplicity in furnishing one’s home a visit to Charles Mason Remey’s home
Mahmud’s Diary: August 17, 1912 Green Acre, ME “… God bestows healing.” When some begged ‘Abdu’l-Baha to heal them he said: Bahá’u’lláh is the Dawning Place of Holiness. Address your needs to Him.
Mahmud’s Diary: August 17, 1912 Green Acre, ME “Truth must be sought and laid bare. No one should endeavor to force upon people what he conceives.”
Mahmud’s Diary: August 17, 1912 Green Acre, ME “Food has nothing to do with faith.”

PUP: August 16, 1912 Talk at Green Acre Eliot, Maine August 16, 1912 Proofs are of Four Kinds first, through sense perception; second, through the reasoning faculty; third, from traditional or scriptural authority; fourth, through the medium of inspiration.


August 16, 1912

Day 128: Five Hundred Welcome ‘Abdu’l-Bahá at Green Acre, 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá arrives at Green Acre in Eliot, Maine, one of “the greatest sources of religious innovation anywhere in the country.”

Diary Entries:
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 16, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá left Dublin, New Hampshire
Mahmud’s Diary: August 16, 1912 Green Acre, ME A crowd of more than 500 people welcomes ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to Green Acre

News Clips
Portland Oregon Telegram August 16, 1912 Chicago, IL
‘Abdu’l-Bahá Wonderful Persian Mystic, Expected To Be Here Next Month

Never have I been in the presence of so majestic, so sublime a personality. He radiates peace, Joy, majesty. Intuitively he answers the questions that come crowding to one’s mind, and no one leaves him unsatisfied or doubting. The effect is indescribable, and was experienced by hundreds who came out of curiosity and intending to scoff, but ‘remained to pray.’


August 15, 1912

Day 127: The Sun Sets on Dublin 239 Days article
After nearly three weeks in Dublin, New Hampshire, it is time for ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to say goodbye.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 15, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s last day in Dublin, NH
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 15, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá called on some acquaintances
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 15, 1912 Dublin, NH Pictures were taken of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá with His entourage and with children
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 15, 1912 Dublin, NH An example of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s healing power
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 15, 1912 Dublin, NH A delightful evening: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá told stories, peals of laughter by the friends, children clinging to Him from room to motor

News Clips
Portland Oregon Oregonian August 15, 1912
Some Time Ago


August 14, 1912

Day 126: The Religious Pulse of Modern America 239 Days article
American novelist Winston Churchill says that Americans in 1912 are seeking a new spiritual direction. “A house is not built by mere acquaintance with the plans,”

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 14, 1912 Dublin, NH Tablet revealed in America: “there is no complete solution for the economic question apart from that offered in the new teachings.” The following is a transcription of that Tablet…
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 14, 1912 Dublin, NH Degrees of sincerity and one’s ability to express it
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 14, 1912 Dublin, NH Persian dinner provided by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 14, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá attended an outdoor play
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 14, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá said kind words to household servants and shook hands

News Clips
The Portsmouth Herald August 14, 1912 Green Acre, Eliot‘Abdu’l-Bahá at Green Acre The great Persian teacher, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá (literally “Servant of God”) is to spend several days at Green Acre, Eliot, arriving on Friday afternoon, Aug. 16, about 4 o’clock, with his interpreters. The sight of these visitors from Persia and the Holy Land, in their flowing Eastern dress, will be a remarkable one among the Western Pines….In Paris and in London last year, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s discourses, remarkable for their directness and simplicity, drew large audience in religious and scientific circles. The same has been true in New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Washington and Chicago…

Finishing the Work: `Abdu’l-Bahá in Dublin, New Hampshire, 1912 by Phillip E. Tussing
From 25 July to 16 August 1912, the rural New Hampshire town of Dublin was host to `Abdu’l-Bahá `Abbas. The twenty-three days He spent in Dublin was longer than He spent anywhere in America except New York City. Dublin in 1912 was the site of many summer homes for wealthy and famous people, especially from New York and Washington, D.C. The most well-documented aspect of `Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit is, unsurprisingly, public meetings and visits with the rich and famous. After He gave a talk at the Unitarian Church in Dublin toward the end of His visit ‘Abdu’l-Baha said: The call of God has been raised here, and the work is finished. (A long article but interesting details not included in other postings.)


August 13, 1912

Day 125: Listening to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá at the Unitarian Church 239 Days article
Dublin’s motley inhabitants gather together to hear ‘Abdu’l-Bahá one last time.
Howard Colby Ives; His radiant smile and courteous demeanor… Never a dogmatic downward stroke of the hand; never an upraised warning finger; never the assumption of teacher to the taught. But always the encouraging upward swing of hands, as though He would actually lift us up with them. And His voice! Like a resonant bell of finest timbre; never loud but of such penetrating quality that the walls of the room seemed to vibrate with its music.”

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 13, 1912 Dublin, NH “… music or an ordinary pleasing voice … has an effect upon the spirit.”
Mahmud’s Diary: August 13, 1912 Dublin, NH “… behold what a desire I had to see you, that I traveled from the East to the West!”
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 13, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá entertained daily visitors and participated in activities

Abbas Effendi: His personality, work, and followers by *E. S. (Ethel Stefana) Stevens Overview of the Baha’i Faith, including a personal interview with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá published in **Fortnightly Review, Volume 95, pages 1067-1084 Chapman and Hall, 1911
She writes: Though I have practically lived in the house during a very busy time, I have never heard an impatient word or complaint…I have been doubly fortunate in seeing him almost daily, and in having continual long interviews with him. During these interviews, one characteristic, not, I think, particularly noticed by those who have written about him, had particularly struck me. That is, his keen sense of humour. (I found it curious how much time ‘Abdu’l-Baha gave to this person who wasn’t a Baha’i and let her experience the day to day happenings within the inner circle of the family. Stories and observations are told here that you won’t find anywhere else. )

* Ethel Stefana Drower was a British cultural anthropologist, orientalist and novelist who studied the Middle East and its cultures.
** The Fortnightly Review was one of the most prominent and influential magazines in nineteenth-century England.


August 12, 1912

Day 124: August 12, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá winds down his stay in the scenic town of Dublin, New Hampshire, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 12, 1912 Dublin, NH Having a picnic with the friends
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 12, 1912 Dublin, NH Examples of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s extreme approachability
Mahmud’s Diary: August 12, 1912 Dublin, NH The immortality of the spirit, economics and the new teachings were subjects of interest to seekers

African American Baha’is at the time of Jim Crow
One of the First Positive Black Characters in American Film (Major Alfred Christopher Goggins) CHRISTOPHER BUCK | OCT 12, 2018 PART 51 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION


August 11, 1912

Day 123: On Cows and Materialist Philosophy 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá disputes the premises of modern materialist philosophy.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 11, 1912 Dublin, NH Clarity, perception and vastness of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s knowledge manifested in His public talks
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 11, 1912 Dublin, NH Witnessing the power and majesty of the Center of the Covenant
Mahmud’s Diary: August 11, 1912 Dublin, NH Human factors obscuring the true meaning of the laws of God

News Clips
Portland Oregon Journal August 11, 1912 Bahá’í Assembly to Meet

Black & White Baha’is Working Together During the Jim Crow Era
Breaking Bread between Black & White in the Jim Crow Era (Doris McKay & George Henderson) CHRISTOPHER BUCK | JUN 15, 2015 PART 26 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org (See: July 22, 2021 entry below)


Day 122: Abdu’l-Bahá’s Journey So Far: Month Four 239 Days article
Highlights from the fourth month of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s journey through America.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 10, 1912 Dublin, NH Gratitude is the cause of multiple blessings but the apex of gratitude is sacrifice
Mahmud’s Diary: August 10, 1912 Dublin, NH Responding to a comment that Bahá’ís appear to believe in the good teachings of all Prophets and religions
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 10, 1912 Dublin, NH Visiting with Parsons

African American Baha’is at the time of Jim Crow
The Fascinating Story of Major Alfred Goggins CHRISTOPHER BUCK | OCT 15, 2018 PART 52 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org

Note: From the July 30th posting below there was an article that discovered that Major Alfred Goggins was listed on the 1928 Miami, Florida LSA election form.

Pittsburgh Courier News 09 April 1932 Talked With Presidents, Marched With Generals, Veteran Nears Trail’s End Fine Career: Major Alfred Goggins


August 9, 1912

Day 121: The Symbolic Language of the Bible 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá argues against interpreting scripture literally.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 9, 1912 Dublin, NH “… evil is the non-existence of good.” Ignorance is evil and it is the non-existence of knowledge… absence of justice is oppression…
Mahmud’s Diary: August 9, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá joking with His entourage
Mahmud’s Diary: August 9, 1912 Dublin, NH We should be grateful to Bahá’u’lláh for having true and faithful friends
Mahmud’s Diary: August 9, 1912 Dublin, NH We should refrain from blind imitation the distinction of man lies in his ability to investigate reality and ascertain the truth

Older News Clip from 1911
The Washington Post December 31, 1911 The Coming of Abbas Effendi, Messiah of 6,000,000 Souls Describes a street scene in Akka with ‘Abdu’l-Baha giving alms to the poor.


August 8, 1912

Day 120: The Rights Not Only of Women, But of Men 239 Days article
A small incident in Dublin prompts ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to address the other side of the equal rights issue.

A condition must be realized in which the man and woman sacrifice their rights for each other, serve each other with heart and soul…Hearts must be attracted to the divine fragrances, so that each one prefers the other to himself.

Diary Entries:
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 8, 1912 Dublin, NH According to Teachings of Bahá’u’lláh men and women and equal rights ‘Abdu’l-Bahá said…
Mahmud’s Diary: August 8, 1912 Dublin, NH Man has no right to seek vengeance. The community, however, has responsibility for protection The more material education advances, the more competitive is the race in aggression and injustice. But spiritual education is the cause of competition in praiseworthy actions and the acquisition of human perfections. We hope that day by day these injustices will diminish and the spiritual virtues increase.
Mahmud’s Diary: August 8, 1912 Dublin, NH Human spirit is immortal but there are differences in stations
Mahmud’s Diary: August 8, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was asked: What is the relationship between God and nature?

News Clips
Oakland Cal Enquirer August 8, 1912 Berkeley, CA Local Artist Wins Fame by Portrait her portraits of noted men, has achieved new laurels in New York through her completion of the head of ‘Abdul Bába, of the Bahá’í faith.

‘Abdu’l-Baha Promotes the Equality of Women and Men
Emmeline Pankhurst, Abdu’l-Baha, and the Suffragettes by David Langness JUL 31, 2021 at BahaiTeachings.org


August 7, 1912

Day 119: The Progressive Party Acclaims Theodore… 239 Days article
In Chicago, the National Progressive Party Convention welcomes its candidate amidst fanfare akin to a religious revival.

Diary Entries: Excerpts from a Talk by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Residence of Mr. and Mrs. Parsons
Mahmud’s Diary: August 7, 1912 Dublin, NH “… for existence there is no death … there is a transfer from one state to another.”
Mahmud’s Diary: Second, The “changes experienced by the body do not affect the soul.” For instance, the body is young but it grows old, while the soul remains unaffected; the body becomes weak but the soul does not; the body becomes diseased or paralyzed but the soul remains unchanged.
Mahmud’s Diary: Third & Fourth, The soul’s “existence is not dependent on the body.” [the soul] does not sleep when the body is asleep; rather, it has perception, it discovers, it flies and it travels.The body is in one single place but the soul is present in various places… Thus, the soul has a control and influence which the body has not. The body cannot see but the soul can see and has perception. Therefore, it follows that its existence is not dependent on the body.
Mahmud’s Diary: Fifth, The body is in “harmony with the spirit” and “under its influence” Briefly, there can be no effect without a cause, for as long as there is an effect there must be a cause. Therefore, though Christ appeared one thousand nine hundred and twelve years ago, His signs still exist today and His sovereignty and influence are manifest. Is it possible for that divine Spirit to be non-existent and these great signs still to be present? Therefore it is established that the Cause of these signs is He Who is the source of eternal light and everlasting bounties.
Mahmud’s Diary: Sixth, The “spirit of man possesses all forms and has manifold shapes simultaneously.” the spirit of man possesses all forms and has manifold shapes simultaneously. It has no need to change from one form to another. As it is beyond change and forms, it is non-material and eternal.
Mahmud’s Diary: Seventh Just like the power of mind, knowledge and other intellectual realities, the soul is “not subject to annihilation.”
Mahmud’s Diary: Ending Characteristics of a person who is endowed with perception He sees that all created beings are in harmony with the spirit and are under its influence…For he has spiritual susceptibilities and is affected by conscience and spiritual impulses. He is not limited by rational constraints or human emotions and sentiments.

Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 7, 1912 Dublin, NH A relaxing afternoon with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá

News Clips
The New York Times July 2, 1911 New York, NY Bahaism Founded in Martyrdom, Taking Root Here Though This Persian Religion Was Established Only 70 Years Ago, Its Followers Have Suffered Persecutions Rivaling Those of the Early Christians — Now Numbers 10,000,000 Adherents.


August 6, 1912

Day 118: August 6, 1912: Socialism, Strikes, and Oscar Wilde 239 Days in America article
Late at night, Margaret Sanger and George De Forest Brush discuss Socialism, labor, and strikes: regular subjects for ‘Abdu’l-Baha.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 6, 1912 Dublin, NH “Whatever occurs is the cause of the elevation of the Word of God and the victory of the divine Cause …” …What hardship, grief or affliction could be greater than that which occurred at the time when the Blessed Beauty was exiled from Tihran?…Consider the case of Abraham. Had He not been exiled…
Mahmud’s Diary: August 6, 1912 Dublin, NH Harmful effects of disunity and discord

PUP: August 6, 1912 Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons, Dublin, New Hampshire The Foundations of All the Divine Prophets and Holy Books are One 88.4 Question: Does ‘Abdu’l-Bahá find Christianity is not lived up to and carried out in America? 88.5 So Christ said, “Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect,” meaning that perfection is the requirement of Christianity. Be the image and likeness of God. This is not easy. It necessitates the focalization of all heavenly virtues. It requires that we become recipients of all the perfections of God. 88.6 When Christ appeared with those marvelous breaths of the Holy Spirit, the children of Israel said, “We are quite independent of him; we can do without him and follow Moses; we have a book and in it are found the teachings of God; what need, therefore, have we of this man?” 88.7 Therefore, mere knowledge is not sufficient for complete human attainment. The teachings of the Holy Books need a heavenly power and divine potency to carry them out. 88.8 Briefly, the teachings of the Holy Books need a divine potency to complete their accomplishment in human hearts. Bahá’u’lláh not only proclaimed this unity and love; He established it…it is evident that the confirmation of the Holy Spirit and impelling influence of a heavenly power are needed to accomplish the divine purpose in human hearts and conditions. 88.10 It is, therefore, evident and proved that an effort must be put forward to complete the purpose and plan of the teachings of God in order that in this great Day of days the world may be reformed, souls resuscitated, a new spirit of life found, hearts become illumined, mankind rescued from the bondage of nature, saved from the baseness of materialism and attain spirituality and radiance in attraction toward the divine Kingdom. This is necessary; this is needful. Mere reading of the Holy Books and texts will not suffice. We need an army to attain victory in the spiritual world; mere plans are not sufficient; ideas and principles are helpless without a divine power to put them into effect. 88.12 there is need of the stimulus of the joy of glad tidings in human hearts. Certain spiritual attraction is requisite in order that hearts may willingly take the step forward in the divine Cause. We must become attracted to God. The breaths of the Holy Spirit must take effect. Unless this is so, it is impossible for the teachings of God to accomplish in us. An ideal power is necessary. [story of Qurratu’l-Ayn] She was like a lioness. Her action caused a great turmoil throughout the land of Persia. So excessive and compulsory is the requirement for veiling in the East that the people in the West have no idea of the excitement and indignation produced by the appearance of an unveiled woman. Qurratu’l-Ayn lost all thought of herself and was unconscious of fear in her attraction to God.


August 5, 1912

Day 117: August 5, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days in America article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá continues his stay in the scenic environs of Dublin, New Hampshire, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 5, 1912 Dublin, NH Becoming “captives of the love of God and of service to the Cause of the oneness of humanity”
Mahmud’s Diary: August 5, 1912 Dublin, NH Inability to sense a thing, such as the spiritual world, is not a proof of its nonexistence
Mahmud’s Diary: August 5, 1912 Dublin, NH Green and verdant surroundings inspire praises for God

PUP: August 5, 1912 Talk at Dublin Inn in New Hampshire When We Perceive Reality these Texts Become Perfectly Reconcilable

African American Baha’is at the time of Jim Crow:
The Ride: Black and White Unity in the Jim Crow South (more on Louis Gregory and Willard McKay’s journey through the South) JANET RUHE-SCHOEN | OCT 23, 2020 PART 1 IN SERIES THE WISDOM OF LOUIS GREGORY at BahaiTeachings.org


August 4, 1912

Day 116: The Challenges of Finding ‘Abdu’l-Bahá 239 Days in America article
We share some observations about our approach to discovering and portraying ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.

Diary Entries:
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 4, 1912 Dublin, NH Conversation with some colored people at Parsons’ boat house
Mahmud’s Diary: August 4, 1912 Dublin, NH Each action and word of the Manifestation of God have many meanings – they have no equal In the afternoon He spoke in Mr. and Mrs. Parsons’s drawing room about the power of the Cause of Bahá’u’lláh and the assistance and confirmations of the Greatest Name.
Mahmud’s Diary: August 4, 1912 Dublin, NH Everyone “must hear the Voice of the Lord in whatever way possible or by whatever means”

News Clips
The Washington Herald August 4, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá — a Sign of the Times

African American Baha’is at the time of Jim Crow:
The Original Freedom Ride, 1931: Louis Gregory and Willard McKay JANET RUHE-SCHOEN | OCT 11, 2020 PART 4 IN SERIES THE WISDOM OF LOUIS GREGORY FIGHTER FOR RACIAL JUSTICE at BahaiTeachings.org


August 3, 1912

Day 115: “Get the Races to Intermarry” 239 Days in America article
While speaking to African American servants on the shores of Dublin Lake, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá makes a surprising announcement.

Diary Entries:
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 3, 1912 Dublin, NH “There is nothing more delightful than the emotion one feels in embracing a sweet child …” …it makes one’s very ribs dilate.”
Mahmud’s Diary: August 3, 1912 Dublin, NH Secondary laws of religions change in every age
Mahmud’s Diary: August 3, 1912 Dublin, NH The effectiveness of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Talks The explanations must be adapted to the capacity of the hearers and suited to the exigency of the time. Beauty of style, moderation in delivery and suitability of words and meanings are necessary. It is not only a matter of uttering words.

News Clips
Denver Colorado Post August 3, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Abbas the Persian Prophet ‘Abdul-Bahá Abbas, the Persian prophet, says men and women will eventually be even as they were in the Garden of Eden. If ‘Abdul-Bahá has any followers in this country this declaration ought to get lots of votes for the women.

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:
How Louis Gregory Got the Strength to Carry On JANET RUHE-SCHOEN | OCT 4, 2020 PART 3 IN SERIES THE WISDOM OF LOUIS GREGORY FIGHTER FOR RACIAL JUSTICE at BahaiTeachings.org

Above All Barriers A Moving Tribute of Louis Gregory by Elsie Austin, an African-American attorney from Cincinnati, Ohio


August 2, 1912

Day 114: Being Black in the Progressive Era 239 Days in America article
In 1910 an African American lawyer boards a ship to Egypt to meet ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, and reflects on what it means to be an American.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: August 2, 1912 Dublin, NH Need for unity and amity between blacks and whites – announcing upcoming interracial marriage
Mahmud’s Diary: August 2, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá presented clear and persuasive proofs about Muhammad, the Prophet of God

Abdu’l-Baha’s Radical Approach to Race Unity JONATHAN MENON | JUN 15, 2020 at BahaiTeachings.org


August 1, 1912

Day 113: Out and About in Dublin 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá settles into summer life at the resort village of Dublin, New Hampshire.

Diary Entries:
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 1, 1912 Dublin, NH Visiting a nearby boys’ Summer-School camp See Photo of ‘Abdu’l-Baha with boys at the camp.
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: August 1, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá wrote a Tablet for Agnes Parsons’ son, Jeffrey, at her request
Mahmud’s Diary: August 1, 1912 Dublin, NH Points to keep in mind when undertaking charitable works
Mahmud’s Diary: August 1, 1912 Dublin, NH Transformative effects of Bahá’u’lláh’s Teachings – two examples

Tablet of Baha’u’llah extolling the station of ‘Abdu’l-Baha is put to music
‘Abdu’l-Baha visits Beirut It was on this occasion of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit to Beirut that Bahá’u’lláh revealed the Lawh-i-Ard-i-Bá (Tablet of the Land of Bá, Beirut). Here is the full text of this glorious Tablet extolling the station of the Master, the Centre of the Covenant of Bahá’u’lláh. Source: The Revelation of Bahá’u’lláh, Volume 4, Chapter 17

Song by Luke Slott Tablet to the Land of Bá (Tribute to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá) Home of Light, a new album in honour of the Centenary of the Passing of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, is being released one song at a time from August through November.


July 31, 1912

Day 112: Abbott Thayer, Father of Camouflage 239 Days in America article
Dublin painter Abbott Thayer sees the presence of God reflected in the everyday displays of nature.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 31, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá visited a summer school and was enthusiastically received by the students
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 31, 1912 Dublin, NH Responding to a question concerning the word “obey” in marriage ceremony I told Him that many people objected to having “obey” in the marriage service among the promises made by the woman. He answered that it should not be there, as God intended the man and the woman to be one and the use of the word obey assumes two. He was profound, joyous, amusing!
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 31, 1912 Dublin, NH Saying good bye to one of the believers
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 31, 1912 Dublin, NH Walking with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in the “bird cage”

African American Baha’is at the time of Jim Crow:
How a Baha’i Letter to a Black Man Revealed Dignity and Justice (NSA to Mr. D. A. Dorsey – August 17, 1926) CHRISTOPHER BUCK | SEP 20, 2018 PART 47 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org

Why Did Early Black Civic Leaders Become Baha’is? CHRISTOPHER BUCK | SEP 25, 2018 PART 48 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org
A number of newspaper articles show that Sarah E. Thompson was a civic leader, as was Dana A. Dorsey himself. In fact, the two civic leaders are associated in an article about an epidemic of Spanish influenza that swept Miami in 1918—when a “temporary hospital in colored town” was set up to treat African Americans stricken by the epidemic.. Sarah E. Thompson, president of the federation of colored women’s clubs
The Miami Baha’i membership list “Mrs. S. E. Thompson,” as a new Baha’i, on the 1928–1929 updated list. The news article also list D. A. Dorsey as the owner of the building in which this “temporary hospital in colored town” was set up.


July 30, 1912

Day 111: George de Forest Brush, “Lover of Indians” 239 Days in America article
Dublin painter George de Forest Brush brings European Orientalism to his romantic depictions of America’s Native

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 30, 1912 Dublin, NH “Confirmation is not dependent on talent, knowledge or wisdom … everything comes about through the assistance of God.”
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 30, 1912 Dublin, NH Examples of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s gentleness and kindness

Dana Albert Dorsey

African American Baha’is at the time of Jim Crow:
How Miami’s Renowned Black Entrepreneur Became a Baha’i (Dana Albert Dorsey) CHRISTOPHER BUCK | AUG 24, 2018 PART 44 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org

What Happened in Miami when the Baha’is Integrated CHRISTOPHER BUCK | SEP 1, 2018 – PART 46 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION

How the Baha’is Fought Jim Crow in Miami CHRISTOPHER BUCK | SEP 30, 2018 – PART 49 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION “a weekly meeting is being conducted regularly at the Dorsey Hotel, a centre for the progressive Negro population of this Southern metropolis. Its owner, Mr. D. A. Dorsey, is a colored financier, highly regarded by all the promoters of Greater Miami. Having accumulated more than five million dollars, [Mr. Dorsey] is now actively engaged in founding a Model Negro City near Miami, in which he has donated a site for a [Baha’i House of Worship].”


July 29, 1912

Day 110: July 29, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days in America article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá settles in with the residents of Dublin, New Hampshire, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 29, 1912 Dublin, NH Troubles we “endure for the sake of name and fame”
Mahmud’s Diary: July 29, 1912 Dublin, NH “… our happiness consists in service to the Most Holy Threshold.”
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 29, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá explained a method of taxation which would produce peace and plenty for all

News Clip:
San Francisco California Chronicle July 29, 1912 A Prophet from the East ” To his personal name, Abbas Effendi, or Sir Abbas, has been appended the magnificent Arabic title ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, “The Slave of the Glory,” a parallel to the equally splendid designations Abd ur Rahman. “The Slave of the Merciful,” and Abd ur Rahim “The Slave of the Compassionate,” by which pious Moslems expressed their whole-hearted subjection to the will of Allah, the most high.”

African American Baha’is at the time of Jim Crow:
Meet Miami’s First Black Millionaire, Who Worked to Worship (Dana Albert Dorsey) CHRISTOPHER BUCK | AUG 24, 2018 PART 43 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org


July 28, 1912

Day 109: A Different Side of America 239 Days in America article
Unlike in New York and the big cities, a different kind of American experience unfolds in Dublin, New Hampshire.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 28, 1912 Dublin, NH The Master’s affection and love for Mirza Abu’l-Fadl
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 28, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá spoke English and radiated happiness
Mahmud’s Diary: July 28, 1912 Dublin, NH “… we have nothing to do with political affairs …”
Mahmud’s Diary: July 28, 1912 Dublin, NH An example of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s innate knowledge
Mahmud’s Diary: July 28, 1912 Dublin, NH Like mirrors, the hearts of the Manifestations of God reflect attributes of God

Seeing Race through Abdu’l-Baha’s Eyes JAMAR M. WHEELER | NOV 8, 2020 at BahaiTeachings.org


July 27, 1912

Day 108: The Modern Science of Breeding Better People 239 Days in America article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá talks with Agnes Parsons about her handicapped son, scientists in London meet to discuss the emerging science of…

Diary Entries:
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 27, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was asked about the significance of color red
Mahmud’s Diary: July 27, 1912 Dublin, NH Receiving visitors at Parsons’ residence
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 27, 1912 Dublin, NH Sightseeing and visiting with the friends of the Parsons
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 27, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá insisted on paying all of His expenses
Mahmud’s Diary: July 27, 1912 Dublin, NH Greatness of Bahá’í Dispensation and its effect on civilization

How a Letter to America Raised the Call for Divine Justice VAHID HOUSTON RANJBAR | OCT 27, 2020 at BahaiTeaching.org (This article gives us overview of the historical background for the social conditions that ‘Abdu’l-Baha was facing. It includes excerpts from Coralie Franklin Cooks letter to ‘Abdu’l-Baha.)


July 26, 1912

Day 107: A Sleepy Morning in Dublin, New Hampshire 239 Days in America article
The unorthodox inhabitants of small country resort town awaken to find ‘Abdu’l-Bahá among them.

Diary Entries:
Agnes Parsons’ Diary: July 26, 1912 Dublin, NH ‘Abdu’l-Bahá sees what is within a human being rather than just their actions
Mahmud’s Diary: July 26, 1912 Dublin, NH Praising the faith of an American believer and foreseeing its impact on her family Ere long the whole of her family [Mrs. Krug’s] will consider the faith of that lady as the crown of honor on their heads.
Mahmud’s Diary: July 26, 1912 Dublin, NH Tablet of the Báb to Nasiri’d-Din Shah
Mahmud’s Diary: July 26, 1912 Dublin, NH Shaykh Salman, messenger of Bahá’u’lláh’s Tablets to believers in Persia

New Clips:
Concord NH Monitor July 26, 1912 Concord, NH Remarkable Persian Sage
Boston Massachusetts Evening Herald July 26, 1912 Boston, MA Syrian Meal For Persian Prophet

Coralie Franklin Cook (1861–1942)
African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:
Shining Lamp: Coralie Franklin Cook: In 1898, she married George William Cook, a dean and professor at Howard University in Washington, D.C. Coralie joined the Howard faculty and became the Chair of Oratory. Coralie and George learned about the Bahá’í Faith (1910), and they soon began hosting Bahá’í meetings on campus. When ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the leader of the Faith, spoke at Howard in 1912, the Cooks helped to organize the event…In 1914, Coralie wrote to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and described the crisis of racism in America. She wrote, “Race relationship … is in a deplorable condition.” She called on her fellow Bahá’ís to “stand by the teachings though it requires superhuman courage …” Source: Brilliant Star Magazine

Letter to Abdu’l-Baha from Coralie F. Cook

The First Convention for Amity Between the Races Coralie Franklin Cook is on the program to give the first address on Saturday evening, May 21, “Colored Poets and Their Poetry”. CHRISTOPHER BUCK | MAY 21, 2021 PART 62 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org

African American Oral History Project Coralie Franklin Cook College teacher * Public speaker *School board member | She is also the first known descendant among those enslaved at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello estate to graduate from college. (Contains a powerful quote from one of her speeches.)

Gifted Colored Woman Coralie Franklin Cook to Speak in this City Thursday Night Rochester Democrat and Chronicle Monday, December 8, 1902 …Rochester people who heard her speech two years ago in the Lafayette Opera House, Washington, D. C., on the occasion of Susan B. Anthony’s eightieth birthday, to an audience of 3,000, give assurance that a rare treat is in store for all who go to listen to her story.


July 25, 1912

Day 106: What Can the Hypocrite Know? 239 Days in America article
Before leaving Boston, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá lays out the standard of conduct he expects from Bahá’u’lláh’s followers.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 25, 1912 Boston, MA “We have come for work and service and not for leisure.” As this place is a summer resort and many prominent people are present, therefore, unless they should themselves ask, the friends should not teach openly. They must deal with them with perfect dignity and honor.

News Clips:
Philadelphia PA Telegraph July 25, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Message In the coming of this bearded man from the East asking again in effect, “How can a man love his Father in Heaven, whom he hath not seen, if he love not his brother on earth, whom he hath seen?” there is a powerful appeal to the spiritual emotions…This wise man from the East is a sign of the times. In him is embodied in large degree that new spirit of world-wide unity which so powerfully moves all races in this age.

PUP: July 25, 1912 Talk at Hotel Victoria Boston, Massachusetts Two Susceptibilities – Natural Emotions, Spiritual Susceptibilities What is the dust which obscures the mirror? It is attachment to the world, avarice, envy, love of luxury and comfort, haughtiness and self-desire; this is the dust which prevents reflection of the rays of the Sun of Reality in the mirror…. But sincerity, justice, humility, severance, and love for the believers of God will purify the mirror and make it radiant with reflected rays from the Sun of Truth.

A Gift of Trousers Source: Stories About Abdu’l-Baha | Portals to Freedom | bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


July 24, 1912

Day 105: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá: Science Proves the Human Spirit 239 Days in America article
In Boston, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá argues that human intelligence differs from nature not just in degree, but in kind.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 24, 1912 Boston, MA Selecting a universal language
Mahmud’s Diary: July 24, 1912 Boston, MA Talks on themes such as special deeds, East-West relationship, and immortality of human spirit

PUP: July 24, 1912 Talk to Theosophical Society, Boston, Massachusetts The Spirit of Man is the Most Noble of Phenomena

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:
How One Baha’i Battled Jim Crow a look at the remarkable accomplishments of the distinguished African American Baha’i, Professor George W. Henderson, that tries to understand his legacy of positive progress in the face of enormous resistance in the pre-integration Jim Crow South.
CHRISTOPHER BUCK | JUN 24, 2015 | PART 29 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org


July 23, 1912

Day 104: A Modern Prophet 239 Days in America article
Elbert Hubbard, America’s maverick columnist, profiles ‘Abdu’l-Bahá for Hearst’s Magazine.

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 23, 1912 New York, NY Juliet manages to say good-bye to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: July 23, 1912 Boston, MA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá arrives in Boston
Mahmud’s Diary: July 23, 1912 Dublin, NH Some of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s entourage arrived in Dublin
Mahmud’s Diary: July 23, 1912 Boston, MA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s purpose in coming to America

PUP: July 23, 1912 Talk at Hotel Victoria Boston, Massachusetts Rich Shall Most Willingly Extend Assistance to the Poor The Bahá’ís must not engage in political movements which lead to sedition…The Bahá’í Cause covers all economic and social questions under the heading and ruling of its laws…Hearts must be so cemented together, love must become so dominant that the rich shall most willingly extend assistance to the poor and take steps to establish these economic adjustments permanently…Strive, therefore, to create love in the hearts in order that they may become glowing and radiant. When that love is shining, it will permeate other hearts even as this electric light illumines its surroundings…Reflect upon it. Endeavor to become the cause of the attraction of souls rather than to enforce minds. Manifest true economics to the people. Show what love is, what kindness is, what true severance is and generosity… Now is the time for you to live in accordance with His words. Let your deeds be the real translation of their meaning. Economic questions will not attract hearts. The love of God alone will attract them. Economic questions are most interesting; but the power which moves, controls and attracts the hearts of men is the love of God.

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:
Memphis 1917: Building Racial Unity in the Lynching Era Includes a letter from Alfred Eastman Lunt (a Baha’i lawyer in Beverly, MA) to Professor George W. Henderson (see article below). Also a story of how Alfred Lunt represented Sarah Farmer regarding the Green Acre property and took the case all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court and saved Green Acre. Also Alfred Lunt was told he had to chose between his Faith and his law firm and he resigned and opened his own law firm. – CHRISTOPHER BUCK | DEC 27, 2015 | PART 34 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org


July 22, 1912

Day 103: July 22, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days in America article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá prepares to leave New York for a trip to the New England countryside, we take a look at the week ahead…He delayed his trip until tomorrow so that he could meet Prince Muhammad-‘Alí Páshá, the brother of Egypt’s ruler, who came to visit him today.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 22, New York, NY Visiting an Egyptian Prince, the brother of the Khedive of Egypt When the prince returned to Egypt he published an account of his journey, describing his visit with the Master: Age has not altered his extraordinary sagacity and infinite intelligence. He stayed with me for an hour and conversed on diverse subjects of great importance and usefulness, which amply testified to his vast knowledge and wide experience. Truly, he is a man of science and knowledge and is one of the exalted personages of the East…. I understood that this revered personage, because of the weakness of the Americans, had brought such a large number of Persians with him so that he might draw attention to himself. I do not mean this to lower the dignity of this great man, nay, on the other hand, it shows his great intelligence and indicates his vast knowledge of the way by which he may impress the minds of the people so they may turn towards him. His numerous, most impressive speeches have found a wide circulation in America. Indeed, the newspapers and periodicals are still publishing them with commentaries by the learned men of their religion. His influence has reached to such a prominence that bigoted and jealous people are protesting vigorously against him.
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 22, New York, NY “I pray that you may become the candle of New York, spreading the Light of Love all around you.”
Mahmud’s Diary: July 22, New York, NY The meaning of long lives mentioned in certain ancient books and narratives …it was a custom in former times to mention a dynasty or family by the name of one person only. However, the people in the following ages thought that the length of time that a family survived was the length of the life of that family’s founder.

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:

George W. Henderson – National Baha’i Archives – Courtesy Lewis V. Walker
Henderson Bahai College See Ad: “World’s Famous Typist” and “Shorthand Wizard” – George W. Henderson founded Henderson Business College in 1912. A few years later he became a Baha’i, added Baha’is to the faculty and integrated Baha’i ethics into the curriculum. `Abdu’l-Baha corresponded about the college:…Writing directly to the college, Abdu’l-Baha wrote:… Source:`Abdu’l-Baha, The Baha’i World | Pupil of the Eye | bahai.us CENTENARY 2021

See Also: The First Baha’i College CHRISTOPHER BUCK | MAR 30, 2014 PART 11 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org
Lost Memphis: Henderson Business College The school was a two-year institution for African-Americans, offering degrees in “Stenographic, Secretarial, Executive Secretarial, Junior Accounting, Higher Accounting, and Business Administration,” The school was actually founded in Knoxville in 1912 by George Henderson, “whose material wealth was just $2.20 and two used typewriters,” …


July 21, 1912

Day 102: Deeds, Not Words 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá stresses the need for action to accompany high-minded rhetoric.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 21, New York, NY “The Sun of Truth has risen always in the East and yet it has shone with greater luster in the West.”

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:
Laying a Great Man to Rest—the Final Interment of Alain Locke Alain Locke (1885–1954) On September 13, 2014 the ashes of that great American philosopher, Alain Locke, were finally laid to rest at the Congressional Cemetery, Washington DC. (Includes a video of the full Internment Ceremony hosted by the American Association of Rhodes Scholars.) | CHRISTOPHER BUCK | OCT 7, 2014 PART 21 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org


July 20, 1912

Day 101: The Secret of Divine Civilization 239 Days in America article
Decades before the American election of 1912, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá had argued for enlightened leadership in an open letter to Persia.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 20, New Jersey, NJ Invitation from the Consul General of Turkey

News Clip:
Nashville Tenn July 20, 1912 ‘Abdul-Bahá Abbas Universal peace, universal religion and universal brotherhood are advocated by ‘Abdul-Bahá Abbas, the Persian prophet who is said to have fourteen million followers.

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:
Black Plato on World Citizenship Includes an audio clip of Alain Locke courtesy of the Library of Congress | CHRISTOPHER BUCK | JUL 25, 2014 – PART 17 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org

Alain LeRoy Locke


July 19, 1912

Day 100: 1912: A Year Supreme with Possibilities 239 Days in America article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá crosses America in 1912, the Progressive Era is reaching a climax.

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 19 The story of Juliet’s rosary
Mahmud’s Diary: July 19 Speaking about the martyrs of the Faith and visiting Mirza Valiyu’llah Khan, the son of Varqa

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:
Alain Locke: the Pulitzer Prize, Legacy and Privacy Includes a tribute by ‘Abdu’l-Baha and a letter from Shoghi Effendi to Alain Locke | CHRISTOPHER BUCK | JAN 12, 2020 – PART 54 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at BahaiTeachings.org


July 18, 1912

Day 99: “Bind Ye the Broken With the Hands of Justice” 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s father, Bahá’u’lláh, called on the leaders of the New World to establish justice.

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 18 “I desire for you that which I desire for My own daughters, Tuba and Ruha” (photo of Tuba & Ruha)
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 18 Blessing the six-year old son of Juliet’s maid
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 18 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá blessed the marriage of Grace Robarts and Harlan Ober
Mahmud’s Diary: July 18 Examples of individuals who are worthy of service and sacrifice in this great Cause of God

Sacrificial Service Source: Vignettes from the Life of ‘Abdu’l-Baha bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


July 17, 1912

Day 98: “Have Mercy on Yourselves and on Those… 239 Days in America article
While in prison in 1868, Bahá’u’lláh, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s father, challenged the monarchs of the nineteenth century.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 17 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá explains the principles that He incorporates in His Talks

Helen Keller – Author, Activist, Baha’i? BahaiTeachings.org

Power of the Holy Spirit – Paris Talks at bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


July 16, 1912

Day 97: Join the Conversation! 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 16 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s care and compassion
Mahmud’s Diary: July 16 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá chanted a prayer at the wedding of Harlan Ober and Grace Robarts The Master had instructed that the wedding be performed according to the law of Christianity and it was performed by the minister. After the ceremony, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá rose and chanted a prayer, blessing the marriage of the two devoted believers.
Mahmud’s Diary: July 16 God is holy beyond comprehension
Mahmud’s Diary: July 16 “… the cause of all these calamities and troubles in the world of creation”

News Clips:
The Evening News
July 16, 1912 San Jose, CA Plan Suggested For a Universal Religion

BWNS July 13, 2021 “This must stop”: Anti-Bahá’í propaganda intensifies in Iran, evokes global outcry


July 15, 1912

Day 96: July 15, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days in America article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá prepares for his final week in New York, we take a look at what’s coming up.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 15 Cheerful and animated gathering at MacNutt’s home

News Clips:
The Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Press
July 15, 1912 Aged Head of New Religion Gives Views – Approves Woman’s Suffrage and Divorce, and Wants to Bring About Peace, and Unity of Nations
L. A. PA. Public Ledger July 15, 1912 New York Urges Universal Religion – ‘Abdul-Bahá Declares All Mankind Sprang From One Root.
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle July 15, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Abbas, Persian Prophet – ‘Abdul-Bahá Abbas, Persian prophet, sees men and women again equal as they were in the Garden of Eden.
New York Herald July 15, 1912 Persian Prophet Preaches
New York Times July 15, 1912 Pleads For Religious Unity – Sectarianism Should Not Be a Bar to Peace, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Says.
The Van Wert Daily Bulletin July 15, 1912 Van Wert, OH Pointed Points – ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, in his preaching of a universal religion, says this: “If a religion be the cause of hatred and disharmony, it would be better for it not to exist than to exist.”

PUP: July 15, 1912 Talk at Home of Dr. and Mrs. Florian Krug Real Thankfulness is a Cordial Giving of Thanks from the Heart Ye must read the Tablets — the Hidden Words, Ishraqat, Glad Tidings — all the holy utterances, and act according to them. This is real thanksgiving, to live in accord with these utterances. This is true thankfulness and the divine bestowal. This is thanksgiving and glorification of God…I hope you all may attain thereto, be mindful of these favors of God and be attentive. It is my hope that I may go away from New York with a happy heart, and my heart is happy when the friends of God love each other, when they manifest the mercy of God to all people. If I see this, I shall go away happy.


July 14, 1912

Day 95:Religion: The Greatest Cause of Human… 239 Days in America article
In Brooklyn, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá addresses one of the city’s largest congregations on the subject of unity.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 14 Exhausting daily activities

News Clips:
Charlotte Daily Observer July 12, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the Persian Philosopher He says: “If a religion be the cause of hatred and disharmony it would be better for it not to exist.” The truth underlying his philosophy always appealed immensely to me.

Excerpts from PUP talk:
PUP: July 14, 1912 Talk at All Souls Unitarian Church Reason is the First Faculty of Man, Religion is in Harmony with ItToday I wish to speak to you upon the subject of the oneness of humanity…Although in former centuries and times this subject received some measure of mention and consideration, it has now become the paramount issue and question in the religious and political conditions of the world…Bahá’u’lláh has proclaimed and provided the way by which hostility and dissension may be removed from the human world. He has left no ground or possibility for strife and disagreement…The greatest cause of human alienation has been religion because each party has considered the belief of the other as anathema and deprived of the mercy of God… [Bahá’u’lláh] says, “Ye are all the leaves of one tree.” He does not say, “Ye are the leaves of two trees: one divine, the other satanic.” He has declared that each individual member of the human family is a leaf or branch upon the Adamic tree;…Another cause of dissension and disagreement is the fact that religion has been pronounced at variance with science…Bahá’u’lláh has removed this form of dissension and discord from among mankind and reconciled science with religion by revealing the pure teachings of the divine reality. This accomplishment is specialized to Him in this Day…Still another cause of disagreement and dissension has been the formation of religious sects and denominations…Bahá’u’lláh has said, “If religion and faith are the causes of enmity and sedition, it is far better to be nonreligious, and the absence of religion would be preferable…Other sources of human dissension are political, racial and patriotic prejudices. [Bahá’u’lláh] has said… that the world of humanity is one race, the surface of the earth one place of residence and that these imaginary racial barriers and political boundaries are without right or foundation. Diversity of languages has been a fruitful cause of discord… Bahá’u’lláh advocated one language as the greatest means of unity and the basis of international conference…Another teaching of Bahá’u’lláh is in relation to universal peace: that all mankind must be awakened to and become conscious of the harm of war..Lack of equality between man and woman is, likewise, a cause of human dissension…If God has created one perfect and the other defective, He is unjust. But God is just; all are perfect in His intention and creative endowment. To assume imperfection in the creature is to presuppose imperfection in the almighty Creator. The soul that excels in attainment of His attributes and graces is most acceptable before God…Do not question the practicability of this, and be not astonished. It has been accomplished and effected in Persia. In that country the various religionists have conjoined in investigating reality and have united in complete fellowship and love. No traces of discord or differences remain among them; now affection and unity are manifest instead…those souls who have followed Bahá’u’lláh and attained this condition of fellowship and affiliation are Muslims, Jews, Christians, Zoroastrians, Buddhists, Nestorians, Sunnites, Shiites and others. No discord exists among them. This is a proof of the possibility of unification among the religionists of the world through practical means…Consider how all the Prophets of God were persecuted and what hardships They experienced. Jesus Christ endured affliction and accepted martyrdom upon the cross in order to summon mankind to unity and love. What sacrifice could be greater? He brought the religion of love and fellowship into the world. Shall we make use of it to create discord, violence and hatred among mankind? Moses was persecuted and driven out into the desert, Abraham was banished, Muhammad took refuge in caves, the Báb was killed and Bahá’u’lláh was exiled and imprisoned forty years. Yet all of Them desired fellowship and love among men. They endured hardships, suffered persecution and death for our sakes that we might be taught to love one another and be united and affiliated instead of discordant and at variance…O my God! O my God! Verily, I invoke Thee and supplicate before Thy threshold, asking Thee that all Thy mercies may descend upon these souls. Specialize them for Thy favor and Thy truth…


July 13, 1912

Day 94: “Every Child Is Potentially the Light of the World” 239 Days in America article
The moral education of children was an important thread in ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s American discourse.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 13, Great reception at Unitarian Church Not wishing to greet the audience one by one owing to the excessive heat and the strain of His exertions, the Master went into the pastor’s office and waited. The pastor told ‘Abdu’l-Bahá that people from the audience were waiting outside to shake hands with Him and to thank Him so the Master came out and stood on the platform. In great humility and reverence the people came one by one in a file from one side, shook His hand and left from the other side.

News Clips:
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle July 13, 1912 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the “Persian prophet,” will speak at All Souls’ Unitarian Church, Manhattan, at 11 a. m. tomorrow.

Abdu’l-Baha’s 1912 Howard University Speech: A Civil War Myth for Interracial Emancipation by Christopher Buck published in Abdu’l-Bahá’s Journey West: The Course of Human Solidarity (Tuesday, April 23, 1912 – Washington DC)


July 12, 1912

Day 93: The Short and Fearless Life of Lua Getsinger 239 Days in America article
Lua Getsinger was the first American to make the perilous journey to meet ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in Palestine.
Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 12, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s conversation with Reverend Percy Grant
(Very interesting diary entry covers numerous topics. Percy takes a very combative approach and it shows how the Master gently and patiently answers him.) On the current topic of the Olympics: Physically [man] is an animal, yet inferior to the animals, for animals acquire their sustenance with the greatest ease, whereas man has to toil incessantly, to labour with infinite pain, for a mere livelihood. So, in the physical realm, the beast is nobler than man. But man is distinguished from the beast by his spiritual gifts and these he should develop with the other, both together. There should be the perfect balance, the spiritual and the physical… When one prays, one sometimes has divine glimpses. So, when one is spiritually developed, a sublimity of nature is obtained, a delicacy of vision such as could not otherwise be found. Not only this, but tranquillity and happiness are secured…Remember Christ, when they placed the crown of thorns on His head. At that very moment, as the thorns wounded His brow, He looked down the vista of the centuries and beheld innumerable kings bowing their jewelled crowns low before that crown of thorns. Do you think He did not know, that He could not foresee? When they spat in the face of Christ…when they made a mock procession and carried Him around the streets, He felt no humiliation…The people of the East, He said, were content with less than the people here, so their hours of work were shorter…The most important of the questions here…is the economic question. Until that is first solved nothing can be done. But if it should not be solved there will be riots.
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 12,‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit to Juliet’s house
Kahlil Gibran came. He had a private talk with the Master in my room…What a good room. said the Master as He entered it. It is like an Oriental room — so high. If I were to build a house here…I would build an eclectic house — partly Oriental, partly Occidental.
Mahmud’s Diary: July 12, The uniqueness of the divine teachings of this great Cause
Among them are: 1. The establishment of the Covenant and the Expounder of the Book, thereby closing the door on the differences that have arisen at the inception of past Dispensations; 2. Association with all religions; 3. The prohibition of cursing or execrating other sects; 4. The commandment to forgive enemies; 5. The oneness of humanity and universal brotherhood; 6. The giving and taking in marriage from all nationalities; 7. The injunctions to parents to educate their children, whether boys or girls; 8. The equality of the rights of men and women; 9. The establishment of the supreme House of Justice as the center of authority; 10. The relinquishing of religious, patriotic, racial and political prejudices.
Mahmud’s Diary: July 12, “I look always for the foundation of the love of God in the realm of the hearts.”
Mahmud’s Diary: July 12, Not to form any habits … Do you have any sandwich breads available?
Mahmud’s Diary: July 12, Testimony of former Persian Ambassador in Constantinople about Bahá’u’lláh
Mahmud’s Diary: July 12, Hot weather took a toll on ‘Abdu’l-Bahá


July 11, 1912

Day 92: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Journey So Far: Month Three 239 Days in America article
Highlights from the third month of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s journey through America.

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 11, A Feast for neighbourhood children A little yellow-haired girl came running up the stoop to me. She seemed to be the spokesman for the others. Breathlessly she asked: “Please, ma’am, tell us. Is He Christ?”
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 11, “Your pure heart is a magnet for the Divine feelings.”
Mahmud’s Diary: July 11, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá encouraged Bahá’ís to visit one another’s homes – so that it may be the cause of promoting love and happiness.

Encouraging Others JOHN DAVID BOSCH travels from California to New York to meet ‘Abdu’l-Baha. “Foolishly I said, “Oh, ‘Abdu’l-Baha, I came three thousand miles to see you.’ He gave a good hearty laugh … And He said, ‘I came eight thousand miles to see you.’ bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


July 10, 1912

Day 91: Heat Wave Knocks Out the Northeast 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Baha insists on staying in New York as an epic heat wave hammers the country

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 10, He who possesses truthfulness possesses all virtues
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 10, “You must be immersed in a sea of light.”
Mahmud’s Diary: July 10, American couple received permission to go to Tabriz, Persia
Mahmud’s Diary: July 10, Meaning of Tablets of chrysolite mentioned in Hidden Words
Mahmud’s Diary: July 10, The amazing range of subjects that the Master commented on, one after the other

The following includes a Provisional Translation of a beautiful tablet (like a poem) ‘Abdu’l-Baha wrote on the Martyrdom of the Báb
Martyrdom of the Báb Excerpt from a Talk 23 May 1912, at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Francis W. Breed – Cambridge, Massachusetts bahai.us CENTENARY 2021 (PUP: full text here)


July 9, 1912

Day 90: The Jewish Watchman and the Blue Whale 239 Days in America article
At the Museum of Natural History in New York, ‘Abdu’l-Baha talks to an elderly man about the life beyond.

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson July 9,The Master and the museum watchman
Why had the Master visited a Museum of Natural History in the hottest hour of a blistering July day? Had He instead visited a soul whose need was crying out to Him, to open an old man’s eyes so that he might see to climb the stairs, to take away the dread of death?
Mahmud’s Diary: July 9, Article by Mirza Abu’l-Fadl answering criticisms of an enemy of the Faith


July 8, 1912

Day 89: July 8, 1912: The Week 239 Days in America article
As New York tries to beat an epic heat wave, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 8, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá walks every day in the park near His house

Baha’i World 1934-1936 Impressions of ‘Abdu’l-Baha by Mrs. Louise R. Waite ‘ABDU’L-BAHA is of medium height, but He holds Himself so superbly, with such commanding dignity, and carries His head so high and with such an air of majesty, that He ever gives the impression of great height. His voice is full and vibrant, each word uttered with marked distinctness and with that tonal quality which leaves a faint echo, as it were, or wave vibrations such as come from a beautifully toned bell. All through the day it rings out, first in one place, and then in another; for with astonishing rapidity ‘ABDU’L-BAHA seems to be everywhere — now in the garden, now in the room close beside the entrance, now in a guest’s room — or you may hear Him calling someone in the “family section” of the “prison home.” Always when I heard His voice, I felt its vibrations most deeply. Like His face, His voice expresses every emotion, from tones that are stern and emphatic to those as tender and loving as the cooing of a dove…

How I longed to go to Him and declare my love and faith in Him! Then I realized that it is not our love and faith in Him, but our love for one another, that is His crown of glory and the balm for His soul; for He had said to a pilgrim: “If you love one another, it is just the same as if you love Me. The closer you draw to one another, the closer you draw to Me. I will go away from this world, but love always stays. Therefore, you should love one another very much.”


July 7, 1912

Day 88: Who Is ‘Abdu’l-Baha? 239 Days in America article
Americans have a hard time trying to define ‘Abdu’l-Baha. What does he have to say?

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 7, If even a breath of egotism is found in us we shall perish The Blessed Beauty entered into this Covenant for obedience and not for opposition…We must obey the Blessed Beauty. We must never forget His favors and exhortations. If even a breath of egotism is found in us, we shall perish at once.

News Clips:
New York Sun July 7, New York ‘Abdu’l-Baha Gives His Impressions of New York – I am not interested in things that are merely beautiful to look at, but I am interested in the soul. I have nothing to do with mortar and clay. I wish to view an edifice that is never to be destroyed. But I am pleased with the people of America. They are noble people….May the hearts of men become as mirrors and may the light of truth shine on these mirrors…The most important thing is to polish the mirror of the heart so that it can reflect the sun.The centre of the light is the sun, and the centre of the sun is God. Therefore we must try to make love take possession of the heart so that all humanity of the East and of the West may be one, fore we are all recipients of the bounty of the sun.


July 6, 1912

Day 87: ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Impressions of New York 239 Days in America article
A reporter for the New York Sun discovers that ‘Abdu’l-Bahá has no interest in being a tourist.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 6, Much of the time was spent listening to a translation of a long article that appeared in today’s issue of The Sun concerning ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s talk at a church…In his article, he emphasized the force of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s reasoning in establishing the truth of all of the Manifestations of God, and in particular of Islam and this mighty Cause.

News Clips:
Fond du Lac Wis Reporter July 6, 1912 Fond du Lac, WI America Foremost Champion of Universal Brotherhood of Man – PEACE IS LIGHT; WAR IS DARKNESS. PEACE IS LIFE; WAR IS DEATH. PEACE IS GUIDENCE; WAR IS MISGUIDENCE. PEACE IS FOUNDED ON GOOD; WAR IS SATANIC INSTITUTE. PEACE IS CONDUCIVE TO ILLUMINATION; WAR IS DESTRUCTIVE OF LIGHT. PEACE AND AMITY ARE FACTORS OF EXISTENCE; WAR IS DECOMPOSITION, OR LACK OF EXISTENCE.

PUP: July 6, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York Man – Created for Spirituality, Heavenly Illumination & Eternal Life …the indispensable forces of the divine existence must be potentially attained in this world…What is he in need of in the Kingdom which transcends the life and limitation of this mortal sphere? That world beyond is a world of sanctity and radiance; therefore, it is necessary that in this world he should acquire these divine attributes. In that world there is need of spirituality, faith, assurance, the knowledge and love of God. These he must attain in this world so that after his ascension from the earthly to the heavenly Kingdom he shall find all that is needful in that eternal life ready for him. That divine world is manifestly a world of lights; therefore, man has need of illumination here. That is a world of love; the love of God is essential. It is a world of perfections; virtues, or perfections, must be acquired. That world is vivified by the breaths of the Holy Spirit; in this world we must seek them. That is the Kingdom of everlasting life; it must be attained during this vanishing existence.By what means can man acquire these things? How shall he obtain these merciful gifts and powers? First, through the knowledge of God. Second, through the love of God. Third, through faith. Fourth, through philanthropic deeds. Fifth, through self-sacrifice. Sixth, through severance from this world. Seventh, through sanctity and holiness.
Foundations of World Unity: July 6, 1912 The Microcosm and the Macrocosm Therefore, God has no beginning and no ending; nor is His creation limited ever as to degree. Limitations of time and degree pertain to things created, never to the creation as a whole. They pertain to the forms of things, not to their realities. The effulgence of God cannot be suspended. The sovereignty of God cannot be interrupted. As long as the sovereignty of God is immemorial, therefore the creation of our world throughout infinity is presupposed. When we look at the reality of this subject, we see that the bounties of God are infinite, without beginning and without end. The greatest bounties of God in this phenomenal world are His Manifestations. This is the greatest postulate. These Manifestations are the Suns of Reality. For it is through the Manifestation that the reality becomes known and established for man. History proves to us that apart from the influence of the Manifestations, man sinks back into his animal condition…


July 5, 1912

Day 86: The Lesson of the Titanic 239 Days in America article
For both United States Senator Isidor Rayner and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the lesson of the Titanic is primarily spiritual.

See also PUP April 23: The Titanic Disaster: Everything is Due to Some Wisdom I was greatly affected by this disaster. Some of those who were lost voyaged on the Cedric with us as far as Naples and afterward sailed upon the other ship. When I think of them, I am very sad indeed…it is our duty to remember these departed souls in our prayers and supplications that they may draw nearer and nearer to the Source itself.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 5, Revealing Tablets for believers in California…Today, at the invitation of Juliet Thompson, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá went to a museum near His house. On the first floor there were statues, figures of animals and a collection of relics of early American civilization. On observing these objects, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá said, ‘From these things it appears that America had a great civilization in ancient times.’

News Clips:
The Van Nuys News July 5, 1912 Van Nuys, CA Leader of Bahá’ísm Is Here the days of religious persecution are not ended, and that even in this modern age a drama has been enacted which for human interest equals or surpasses Biblical history.
New Castle News July 5, 1912 New Castle Persian Prophet To Remain in U. S. …His new sect, which embraces many of the best things in all the religions, has gained many American converts.

PUP: July 5, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York The Universe Hath Neither Beginning Nor Ending Briefly, there were many universal cycles preceding this one in which we are living. They were consummated, completed and their traces obliterated. The divine and creative purpose in them was the evolution of spiritual man, just as it is in this cycle. The circle of existence is the same circle; it returns. The tree of life has ever borne the same heavenly fruit.
PUP: July 5, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York Religious Faith and Belief is a Remnant of Blind Imitations In brief, all the Holy Books contain these glad tidings. They announce that after the world is surrounded by darkness, radiance shall appear. For just as the night, when it becomes excessively dark, precedes the dawn of a new day, so likewise when the darkness of religious apathy and heedlessness overtakes the world, when human souls become negligent of God, when materialistic ideas overshadow spirituality, when nations become submerged in the world of matter and forget God — at such a time as this shall the divine Sun shine forth and the radiant morn appear.


July 4, 1912

Day 85: Happy Fourth of July! 239 Days in America article
Abdu’l–Baha and his entourage are invited to participate in New York’s Fourth of July parade.

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 4
‘Abdu’l-Bahá showers Juliet’s mother with kindness on her birthday
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: July 4 Courage by Persian believers facing tests
Mahmud’s Diary: July 4 Revealing Tablets for the believers in the East
Mahmud’s Diary: July 4 ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s entourage were guests of the mayor for the 4th of July celebrations

One Spirit: The Baha’i Unity Feast by Hussein Ahdieh at BahaiTeachings.org
On June 29, we read about a Unity Feast ‘Abdu’l-Baha held in New Jersey. What did Abdu’l-Baha have in mind as the underlying purpose and nature of the Unity Feast? ‘Abdu’l-Baha words describe the Unity Feast as a “prototype” of a collective state of being beyond the material world. what does the word “prototype” mean in the context of the external world? This article ponders on these questions.


July 3, 1912

Day 84: Woodrow Wilson: The Man Who Would Be… 239 Days in America article
After five days of deadlock, the Democratic National Convention selects Woodrow Wilson as its presidential candidate.

See also: Woodrow Wilson: Racist or Peacemaker? by Rodney Richards | JAN 8, 2016 PART 1 IN SERIES 14 POINTS FOR WORLD PEACE at BahaiTeachings.org

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 3, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá gave Eastern names to two black visitors
Mahmud’s Diary: July 3, “… the whole of creation is interrelated like the different parts of the human body…”
Mahmud’s Diary: July 3, The connection of soul to the body

News Clips:
Wichita Daily Times July 3, 1912Wichita Falls, TX America’s Foremost Champion of Universal Brotherhood of Man
The Agitator Wellsboro Pennsylvania July 3, 1912 Wellsboro, PA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to Make his Home in Montclair


July 2, 1912

Day 83: The Memoirs of an American Painter 239 Days in America article
A portrait of New York painter, Juliet Thompson, and her connection with ‘Abdu’l-Baha.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 2, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá avoided sightseeing excursions

News Clips:
Columbus Ohio Journal July 2, 1912 Universal Religion
Cedar Rapids Ia. Republican July 2, 1912 Persian Prophet to Remain in U. S.
The Janesville Daily Gazette July 2, 1912 Persian Prophet To Remain in U. S.


July 1, 1912

Day 82: July 1, 1912 – The Week Ahead 239 Days in America article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá returns to New York, we take a look at the week ahead.

President Teddy Roosevelt and the Baha’i Faith by Christopher Buck

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: July 1, Seekers in public meetings were invited to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá home

News Clips:
The Evening Observer July 1, 1912 Persian Prophet To Remain in U. S.
Fort Wayne News July 1, 1912 Fort Wayne Persian Prophet To Remain in U. S.

PUP: July 1, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York No Deed of Man is Greater Before God than Helping the Poor
PUP: July 1, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York You Must Have Infinite Love for Each Other


June 30, 1912

Day 81: Donkeys in Baltimore 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 30 – – Blessings and confirmations we receive through Bahá’u’lláh’s bounty and favor
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 30 – Lua’s attempts not to leave the Master for California

News Clips:
Wilmington DEL June 30, 1912 The Star Out of the East He lived within the gray light of a prison. Yet always had he the sunshine of truth within his heart. And today ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, old in years, is yet a young man in spirit. (excellent article)
The Sun June 30, 1912 Montclair, NJ ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Manages to Catch a Train The departure of ‘Abdu’l Bahá, leader of the Bahá’í cult, from Montclair to-day was attended by excitement that was strikingly at variance with the peaceful character of the religious prophet.
The New York Times June 30, 1912 Montclair, NJ Prophet’s Dash For Train When train time came, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was not in sight. He had been delayed. The baggage of the Persians was aboard the train, and as it moved away they appealed to the trainmen in several Oriental languages to defer the departure for a few minutes. (amusing article)
Wilmington DEL Star June 30, 1912 After 40 years ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the Servant of God, has come to this country as standard bearer of a new faith. To war with selfishness, to do away with prejudice, to proclaim the doctrine of universal brotherhood…


June 29, 1912

Day 80: Speaking Persian in America 239 Days in America article
The Persian Consul of New York invites ‘Abdu’l-Baha to a barbecue.

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 2 – “This is a New Day; a New Hour”
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 29 – Witnessing an amazing event just before the start of the “Feast of Unity” to be hosted by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 29 – Anointing two hundred and fifty friends with attar of rose
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 29, Friends unable to tear themselves from ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
His talk of that night has been recorded. It was a resounding Call to us to arise from the tomb of self in this Day of the Great Resurrection and unite around Him to vivify the world.
Mahmud’s Diary: June 29 – Invitation to the home of the Persian Consul General

PUP: June 29, 1912 Talk at Unity Feast, Outdoors West Englewood, New Jersey Rejoice for The Heavenly Table is Prepared for You!
Rejoice, for the heavenly table is prepared for you. Rejoice, for the angels of heaven are your assistants and helpers. Rejoice, for the glance of the Blessed Beauty, Bahá’u’lláh, is directed upon you. Rejoice, for Bahá’u’lláh is your Protector. Rejoice, for the everlasting glory is destined for you. Rejoice, for the eternal life is awaiting you.

You must become of one heart, one spirit and one susceptibility. May you become as the waves of one sea, stars of the same heaven, fruits adorning the same tree, roses of one garden in order that through you the oneness of humanity may establish its temple in the world of mankind, for you are the ones who are called to uplift the cause of unity among the nations of the earth.


June 28, 1912

Day 79: ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s “Feast of Unity” 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Baha organizes a giant outdoor feast at the estate of Roy Wilhelm in Englewood, New Jersey.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 28 – Unity Feast in West Englewood, NJ
Mahmud’s Diary: June 28 – New teachings in the Bahá’í Faith not found in other great religions

News Clips:
The Sun June 28, 1912, Morris Plains, NJ A Barbecue for ‘Abdu’l-Baha

Indispensability of Prayer bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


June 27, 1912

Day 78: Militarizing Human Ingenuity 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Baha addresses the dark side modern technological progress

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 27 – Utterly dependent on and grateful to Bahá’u’lláh
Mahmud’s Diary: June 27, Montclair, NJ – An example of how two ladies became Bahá’ís just by meeting ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: June 27 – Recalling early days in Baghdad and Bahá’u’lláh’s withdrawal to Sulaymaniyyih
Mahmud’s Diary: June 27 – Proofs of the truth and greatness of Muhammad, the Prophet of God

Who is Mahmúd of Mahmúd’s Diary?


June 26, 1912

Day 77: Do Not Bring Him in Here 239 Days in America article
In the summer of 1852, in Tehran’s darkest prison, an eight-year-old ‘Abdu’l-Baha sees his father Baha’u’llah, in chains.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 26 – How certain Greek and Roman customs became incorporated into Christianity
Mahmud’s Diary: June 26 – The attractive gathering of the Master and the friends in a park

News Clips:
Grand Rapids Minnesota Press June 24, 1912 – Church and Its Work
Los Angeles Times June 19, 1912 New York, NY – From the East
The Evening News (San Jose) June 15, 1912 – America’s Foremost Champion of Universal Brotherhood of Man


June 25, 1912

Day 76: Thy Pomp Shall Soon Pass Away 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Baha distinguishes the dominion of Jesus Christ from the temporal power of political leaders like Napoleon.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 25 – “… serving with heart and soul”
Mahmud’s Diary: June 25 – Prohibition of the drinking of wine in the Qur’an
Mahmud’s Diary: June 25 – Looking after one’s physical body

Watch Video: ‘Abdu’l-Baha & NYC Travel back in time to when Abdu’l-Baha set foot on NYC.(6:13)
Includes Song: Land and Sea by Smith & Dragoman

Religion and Politics Paris Talks bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha

Louis Gregory and Louise Matthews Gregory, 1912 (National Bahá’í Archives)
June 24, 1912

Day 75: The Week Ahead 239 Days in America article
As ‘Abdu’l-Bahá takes a leisurely stroll in the park, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 24 – An example of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s heavy correspondence
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 23, ‘Abdu’l-Baha tells the story of a believer who wanted to be always near Bahá’u’lláh

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:
The first Inter-racial Baha’i Marriage
This account details the role ‘Abdu’l-Baha played in bringing about this marriage. In a “Tablet” (translated March 14, 1914), the prayer, “Verily, they are married in obedience to Thy command. Cause them to become the signs of unity and harmony until the end of time…” was revealed for their wedding by ‘Abdu’l-Baha. Abdu’l-Baha lauded the Gregorys’ marriage as “an introduction to the accomplishment” of harmony between the races. bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


June 23, 1912

Day 74: Politicking and Personalities 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Baha comments on the manner in which Americans elect their leaders

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 23 – The Master supervised the affairs of the kitchen, often cooked and prepared meals

PUP: June 23, 1912 Talk at Montclair, New Jersey The church bells are pealing in memory of Jesus Christ although more than nineteen hundred years have passed since He lived upon the earth. This is through the power of the spirit. No material power could do this. Yet people in their blindness deny Christ, seeking to perpetuate their names in worldly deeds. The He talks about Christ & Napoleon and Napoleon & Baha’u’llah and more. Fifty years ago no one would touch the Christian Bible in Persia…Now Bahá’ís all over the East read the Bible and understand its spiritual teaching. Bahá’u’lláh spread the Cause of Christ and opened the book of the Christians and Jews.


June 22, 1912

Day 73: Elephants in Chicago 239 Days in America article

A Description by Mrs. Louise Waite The face of my dreams of Him stood before me with that same heavenly smile of welcome. The Light of Infinite Love was radiating from His countenance. Majestic, and yet sublimely tender, He was looking right into my eyes. I gave a start as if I had suddenly plunged into an ocean, then stood transfixed. It seemed as if I had come upon Him unawares and saw the “Glory of the Lord” shining forth around Him… bahai.us CENTENARY 2021

June 22, 2021Temple arrival marks a new dawn in the heart of the Pacific Baha’i World News Service We hope that one day many more villages and towns across all oceans and continents will feel the joy we felt when we saw the temple arrive—like seeing a light of hope shine out from the midmost heart of the ocean.”


June 21, 1912

Day 72: Swifter, Higher, Stronger 239 Days in America article
As Americans get ready for the 1912 Olympics, ‘Abdu’l-Baha discusses the meaning of true fellowship.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 21, 1912 – Counseling the believers on various Teachings…

“No Meaning to the Words “Mine” and “Yours” bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


June 20, 1912

Day 71: I Have Seen a Curious Article Which Astonished Me 239 Days in America article
In 1911, Reverend Peter Easton wrote a sensational attack against ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. In June, 1912, Mirzá Abu’l-Fazl wrote back.

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 20, strong> Visiting friends in Montclair, New Jersey

PUP: June 20, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York ‘Abdu’l-Baha says when he returns it is his wish to give a large feast of unity. It must be outdoors under the trees, in some location away from city noise–like a Persian garden. Persian food will be served…hearts will be bound together, spirits blended and a new foundation for unity established.

Day 71: Father’s Day (for those who have fathers who have passed on to the Abha Kingdom)
Intercession of Children bahai.us CENTENARY 2021
‘Abdu’l-Baha revealed this prayer for Albert Windust on the passing of his father. “Albert Windust was a member of the first Spiritual Assembly in Chicago… was a printer by profession, and one of the founders of the Baha’i Publishing Society which became the Baha’i Publishing Trust. He was the first publisher of the Baha’i Writings in America, and the founder of Star of the West. He collected and published the 3 volumes of Tablets of Abdu’l-Baha Abbas, and he assisted Howard MacNutt in collecting and publishing The Promulgation of Universal Peace.”


June 19, 1912

Day 70: To Drag the Soul Down to Hell 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 19, The basis of eternal happiness is spirituality and divine virtue … You must always be happy. You must associate with joyous and happy people and be adorned with divine morals. Happiness has a direct influence in preserving our health while being upset causes illness….

Letter from ‘Abdu’l-Baha to the First Universal Races Congress The Blessed One, Baha’u’llah, likens the existing world to a tree, and the people to its fruits, blossoms and leaves. All should be fresh and vigorous, the attainment of their beauty and proportion depending on the love and unity with which they sustain each other and seek the Life eternal. The friends of God should become the manifestors in this world of this mercy and love. They should not dwell on the shortcomings of others. Ceaselessly should they be thinking how they may benefit others and show service and co-operation. Thus should they regard every stranger, putting aside such prejudices and superstitions as might prevent friendly relations. bahai.us CENTENARY 2021


June 18, 1912

Day 69: The Pursuit of Happiness 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
Ives – Mother’s Stories: 18 June 1912 – Service – Grace Robarts Ober – Aunt to Hand of the Cause John Roberts – ‘Abdu’l-Bahá looked at her very searchingly and said, “Greece, are you SURE you wish to serve ME?” Grace said, with great enthusiasm, “Oh, YES! More than anything else in the world!” ‘Abdu’l-Bahá made no answer but walked away…

PUP: June 18, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York In Development the Material Must be Correlated with the Spiritual
The material may be likened to the body, but divine virtues are the breathings of the Holy Spirit itself…May divine susceptibilities be increased and awakened; may your devotion to the heavenly Kingdom become intense. May you be the recipients of the impulses of the Holy Spirit, be assisted in the world of morality and attain ideal power so that the sublimity of the world of mankind may become apparent in you. Thus may you attain the highest happiness, the eternal life, the everlasting glory, the second birth, and become manifestations of the bestowals of God.


June 17, 1912

Day 68: ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Journey So Far: Month Two 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 17 – Making a motion picture of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá

Rare Silent Short Movie of ‘Abdu’l-Baha in New York, 1912

PUP: June 17, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York The Prophets of God are the Real Physicians
We should all visit the sick…Bahá’u’lláh is the real Physician…The essential principles of His healing remedies are the knowledge and love of God, severance from all else save God, turning our faces in sincerity toward the Kingdom of God, implicit faith, firmness and fidelity, loving-kindness toward all creatures and the acquisition of the divine virtues indicated for the human world…


June 16, 1912

Day 67: Brooklyn Gets More Than It Bargained For 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 16 – “You must teach the Cause of God with great humility”
‘Just as I feel myself humble before all, even before children, so must you be.’

PUP: June 16, 1912 Talk at Central Congregational Church Hancock Street, Brooklyn, New York Freedom of Conscience, Liberty of Thought and Right of Speech
PUP: June 16, 1912 Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt 935 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York Capacity and Readiness are Requisite for the Divine Bounty

PUP: June 16, 1912Talk At Fourth Unitarian Church
What is real Unity?

PUP:June 16, 1912Talk at Central Congregational Church
Hancock Street, Brooklyn, New York
Freedom of Conscience, Liberty of Thought and Right of Speech
An excerpt about the Qur’an from His talk at the Central Congregational Church in Brooklyn:
#20 “I wish now to call your attention to a most important point. All Islám considers the Qur’án the Word of God. In this sacred Book there are explicit texts which are not traditional, stating that Christ was the Word of God, that He was the Spirit of God, that Jesus Christ came into this world through the quickening breaths of the Holy Spirit and that Mary, His mother, was holy and sanctified. In the Qur’án a whole chapter is devoted to the story of Jesus. It records that in the time of His youth He worshiped God in the temple at Jerusalem, that manna descended from heaven for His sustenance and that He uttered words immediately after His birth. In brief, in the Qur’án there is eulogy and commendation of Christ such as you do not find in the Gospel…


June 15, 1912

Day 66: Brooklyn Refuses to Silence ‘Abdu’l-Baha 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 15 – witnessing the great respect ‘Abdu’l-Bahá received from a pastor

PUP: June 15, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York For You I Desire Spiritual Distinction


Louis G. Gregory

June 14, 1912

Day 65: Take Us Out on a Steamer and Drown Us 239 Days in America article
‘Abdu’l-Baha tells one New Yorker how to stay the course through the storms of life

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 14 – The Master’s kindness towards Juliet’s mother

‘Abdu’l-Baha Encouraging Change bahai.us CENTENARY 2021
Source: A Heavenly Vista: The Pilgrimage of Louis G. Gregory
On March 6, 1910, buoyed by the guidance of ‘Abdu’l-Baha, Gregory and the Hannens initiated a large integrated monthly gathering in the Hannens’ home in Washington D.C. There were present about 35 persons, one-third of whom were colored, and nearly all believers.


June 13, 1912

Day 64: I Was Tired So I Slept 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
Mahmud’s Diary: June 13 – What happened to the Commission of Inquiry


June 12, 1912

Day 63:The Handsomest Young Man in Baghdad 239 Days in America article
In prison and exile, a young ‘Abdu’l-Baha became adept at managing crisis.

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 12 Consoling a poor, grieving little girl

PUP:12 June 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New YorkThis is the Century of Science and Universal Laws


W.E.B. Du Bois, 1868–1963. Photo: Library of Congress.

June 11, 1912

Day 62: Along the Color Line 239 Days in America article
In the June issue of The Crisis, W.E.B. DuBois prints his account of ‘Abdu’l-Baha at the Fourth Annual Conference of the NAACP

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: – June 11, 1912 Witnessing His pure sacrifice

African American Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha
W.E.B. Du Bois and the Baha’i Faith by Guy Emerson Mount BLACK PERSPECTIVES

PUP: June 11, 1912 Talk at Open Committee Meeting, Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney Let Your Hearts be as Mirrors of the Supreme Concourse It is my hope that the meetings of the Bahá’í Assembly in New York shall become like meetings of the Supreme Concourse. When you assemble, you must reflect the lights of the heavenly Kingdom.

 

 


June 10, 1912

Day 61: News, Insight and Shredded Wheat 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: – June 11, 1912 Witnessing His pure sacrifice
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 10, 1912  Anointing a few believers with attar of rose in a park


June 9, 1912

Day 60: Acres of Diamonds 239 Days in America article

PUP: June 9, 1912 Talk at Unitarian Church Fifteenth Street and Girard Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The Realm of Divinity is an Indivisible Oneness
PUP: June 9, 1912 Talk at Baptist Temple Broad and Berks Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania God has Created such a Conscious Spirit within Man …that which is beyond the range of the senses, that realm of phenomena through which the conscious pathway to the Kingdom of God leads, the world of spiritual susceptibilities and divine religion — of these the animal is completely unaware,… Nature is incapable of discovering mysteries or realities, whereas man is especially fitted to do so.

Baha’i World is now published online. They have recently published three articles about ‘Abdu’l-Baha
Bahai World – The Bahá’í World Online Publication


June 8, 1912

Day 59: The Holy Experiment 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: – June 11, 1912 Witnessing His pure sacrifice
Mahmud’s Diary: June 8,Philadelphia, PA
‘Abdu’l-Bahá chanted a prayer at the end of His talk

PUP:June 8, 1912 Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street, New York Love and Unity are the Needs of the Body Politic Today


June 7, 1912

Day 58: Out and About in New York 239 Days in America article

Diary Entries:
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: – June 11, 1912 Witnessing His pure sacrifice
The Diary of Juliet Thompson: June 5 The Master posed for Juliet to paint His “Servitude to God”


June 6, 1912

Day 57: Can You Paint Me in a Half Hour? 239 Days in America article

PUP: June 6, 1912 Talk At Home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard MacNutt
Although the bestowal is great and the grace is glorious, yet capacity and readiness are requisite….Unless there be thirst…Unless the soul hungers…Unless the eyes of perception be opened…Until the nostrils are purified…we must endeavor always, cry, supplicate and invoke the Kingdom of God to grant us full capacity in order that the bestowals of God may become revealed and manifest in us.

A Tribute to Nora Crossley
‘Abdu’l-Baha’s lovely response to Nora Crossley’s sacrifice of cutting off her extremely long tresses to give to the fund for the building of the Mashriqu’l-Adhkar-the Mother Temple of the West.


Note: I will continue to add previous postings below.