Follow ʻAbdu’l-Bahá’s Journey Across America – November, 1912

Centenary Year ~ Reflecting on the Life of ‘Abdu’l-Baha  

November 30, 1912

Day 234: The Progressives Collapse: 1917-1920  239 Days article
The political unity underlying the progressive movement disintegrates in the wake of the social upheavals surrounding the…

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: Friends insisting that the Master would accept their gifts and offerings …Now you have brought presents for the members of my family. They are most acceptable and excellent but better than all these are the gifts of the love of God which remain preserved in the treasuries of the heart…I, however, have accepted your gifts; but I entrust them to you for you sell and send the proceeds to the fund for the Mashriqu’l-Adhkar in Chicago…
Mahmud’s Diary: Public meeting at Kinney’s – friends overjoyed beyond description ‘Abdu’l-Bahá spoke about love, loyalty, unity, the amity of the believers, spreading the Word of God, the promotion of universal peace and the brotherhood of humanity….

Black Baha’is at the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha:

Harriet Gibbs Marshall  (1868-1941) Harriet Gibbs Marshall became a Baha’i in 1912 while ‘Abdu’l-Baha was visiting the US. In 1903 she founded the Washington Conservatory of Music. According to “Marshall’s conservatory was a landmark in the history of black education.  After becoming a Baha’i she began hosting many events at the Conservatory, despite a culture of segregation that barred African Americans and did not permit mixed-race gatherings. It was not unusual for large numbers of Baha’is to attend a single event at the conservatory. The conservatory remained in operation until 1960. She also founded the Jean Joseph Industrial School in Port-au-Prince and worked extensively with Haitian social welfare charities. Her experiences led to the publication of her book The Story of Haiti (1930) a detailed history of Haiti from 1485 to 1929. Harriet received excellent reviews for her thorough research of Haitian history.

Her poem “Brotherhood” was published in Star of the West.

The Washington Conservatory of Music was later renamed the Washington Conservatory of Music and School of Expression when the school expanded to include drama and speech. The School of Expression was founded by Coralie Franklin Cook, (a Baha’i, see July 26 posting) known for her gifts in elocution. In 1904 Marshall’s father Judge M.W. Gibbs donated the majestic corner house at 902 T Street for the school’s use. (See photo)

Harriet Gibbs Marshall – a more detailed account of her life and work.

November 29, 1912

Day 233: New York: The Melting Pot on the Hudson: 1912-2012  239 Days article
In the century after ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s visit, spiritual and material civilization advance in the cultural and commercial capital of the…

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá explains what is the “most acceptable gift” to Him‘ …the most acceptable gift to me is the unity of the believers, service to the Cause of God, diffusion of the divine fragrances and adherence to the counsels of the Abha Beauty.’
Mahmud’s Diary: How to attain the “peace of the heart and soul and the joy of spirit and conscience” …But those who have faith in God act according to the divine teachings; even though they need a little food to survive, they will pass their lives in the utmost happiness and joy. This is one of the bounties of religion; this is eternal happiness, life everlasting and real affluence…
Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá accepted an invitation to stay at the home of a believer

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward B. Kinney 780 West End Avenue, New York The Mystery of Sacrifice

In order to understand the reality of sacrifice let us consider the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. It is true that He sacrificed Himself for our sake. What is the meaning of this?…He accepted every calamity and suffering in order to guide men to the truth. Had He desired to save His own life, and were He without wish to offer Himself in sacrifice, He would not have been able to guide a single soul. There was no doubt that His blessed blood would be shed and His body broken. Nevertheless, that Holy Soul accepted calamity and death in His love for mankind. This is one of the meanings of sacrifice.

As to the second meaning: He said, “I am the living bread which came down from heaven.” …“If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever.” That is to say, whosoever assimilates these divine perfections which are within me will never die; whosoever has a share and partakes of these heavenly bounties I embody will find eternal life; he who takes unto himself these divine lights shall find everlasting life.

As to the third meaning of sacrifice, it is this: If you plant a seed in the ground, a tree will become manifest from that seed. The seed sacrifices itself to the tree that will come from it…Christ outwardly disappeared. His personal identity became hidden from the eyes, even as the identity of the seed disappeared; but the bounties, divine qualities and perfections of Christ became manifest in the Christian community which Christ founded through sacrificing Himself…

As to the fourth significance of sacrifice: It is the principle that a reality sacrifices its own must sacrifice the qualities and attributes of the world of nature for the qualities and attributes of the world of God... man must acquire heavenly qualities and attain divine attributes. He must become the image and likeness of God. He must seek the bounty of the eternal, become the manifestor of the love of God, the light of guidance, the tree of life and the depository of the bounties of God.

…It is my hope…you may be entirely severed from the imperfections of the world of nature, purified from selfish, human desires, receiving life from the Kingdom of Abha and attaining heavenly graces. May the divine light become manifest upon your faces, the fragrances of holiness refresh your nostrils and the breath of the Holy Spirit quicken you with eternal life.

November 28, 1912

Day 232: A Nation Shaped by Sacrifice  239 Days article
For all the challenges America has faced since its founding, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá says its greatest sacrifices still lay ahead.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: Friends wishing to be with the Master at dawn
Mahmud’s Diary: Stream of visitors
Mahmud’s Diary: Spiritual capacity of the Americans

Shrine of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá: Short documentary on the construction project released

BWNS November 26, 2021: This 15-minute documentary, which was screened at the centenary gathering at the Bahá’í World Centre yesterday, explores aspects of the design and construction of the Shrine of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and features interviews with people directly involved in the project.

November 27, 1912

Day 231: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Program for a Durable Peace: 1919  239 Days article
In a letter to The Hague in 1919, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá lays out a comprehensive peace program which remains ambitious in the…

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: “The purpose of the divine Manifestations has been the education of holy souls.” …those holy Beings knew well that the dominion of God existed when there was no trace of them and that it shall continue to exist when no trace of them remains. Thus fame or oblivion, honor or degradation are one and the same to those Gems of existence. Indeed, their ultimate desire is selfless devotion to the one true God and absolute nothingness in His court. Their only motive has been the education of blessed souls and sanctified beings who are the foundation of divine education and promoters of the most great guidance and the supreme favor…The people of Bahá must endeavor day and night to promulgate this lofty purpose. They must endeavor and strive strenuously to educate themselves and other sanctified souls. They must awaken the peoples and nations of the world and free them from dogmas and imitations. They must pass beyond the world of names and fix their gaze on realities and inner meanings.
Mahmud’s Diary: A few examples of subjects the Master counseled the visitors
Mahmud’s Diary: “The coming of age and maturity of man will appear” when material and spiritual civilizations are intertwined
Mahmud’s Diary: Volume of correspondence


Home of Light album by Luke Slott with string arrangements by Xiao’an Li. In honor of the Centenary of the Passing of Abdu’l-Baha.

November 26, 1912

Day 230: “We Want a Wilson Peace”: 1919-2012  239 Days article
At the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, the world’s leaders craft a legacy of hopes and disappointments that will last a century.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: “My happiness lies in seeing you, for in your faces are apparent the glad tidings of the Abha Kingdom …”
Mahmud’s Diary: Attributes of a “believer in Bahá’u’lláh”
Mahmud’s Diary: We are dependent on God the same way that “the body is dependent upon the soul”
Mahmud’s Diary: Using the power of reasoning: this magnificent universe cannot exist without a Creator

Queen Marie of Romania at Paris Peace Conference in 1919:

Description of Queen Marie’s meeting with President Woodrow Wilson from her own memoirs. Source: Diana Mandache, Later Chapters of My Life. The Lost Memoir of Queen Marie of Romania, Sutton, 2004

How Romania Punched Above Its Weight at the Treaty of Versailles Queen Marie’s pitch to the Allied Victors was simple: you need Romania to be strong in order to contain the spread of Bolshevism…She effectively painted a vision for the future: the value that Romania could create for the Allies as a buffer between themselves and Russia. In the end…of all the contributors at the conference, Romania is widely considered to have picked up the greatest gains, including Transylvania which became – and still is – a part of “Greater Romania.”

Romania’s Wartime Queen   During the First World War, while politicians prevaricated, Romania’s British queen lobbied for entry on the side of the Allies… A national heroine credited for boosting morale and contributing to the extraordinary resurgence of the Romanian army that held off the Germans in the summer of 1917… Rarely seen out of pressed whites, the Red Cross on her forehead, she lead an entourage of women around hospital wards and Romania’s stricken soldiers on the front line. Foreign legations were startled by Marie’s work ethic among the injured and dying holed up in Romania’s last unoccupied area of land, where by early 1917, typhus was rampant. The French ambassador marvelled at Marie’s apparent invincibility; she worked all hours and refused to take precautions when tending the infected troops. ‘Don’t you think it gives them more pleasure to kiss my uncovered hand?’ she queried, rejecting the offer of protective gloves… Given his queen’s popularity, it is no wonder that Prime Minister Brătianu, known for ‘having entered the war too late and surrendered too soon’, called upon Marie to join him for the pending showdown in Paris between the Great Four and numerous small nations with their competing claims… In the summer of 1918 Marie had been described by the New York Times as ‘one of the vivid and unforgettable personalities of the war’.

November 25, 1912

Day 229: November 25, 1912: The Week Ahead  239 Days article
While ‘Abdu’l-Bahá cracks a joke to a women’s club at the Waldorf Astoria, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: Being in the presence of the Master early morning when He prays
Mahmud’s Diary: A Christian minister requested reverently for healing prayers
Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s fame and grandeur attracts many visitors from all walks of life
Mahmud’s Diary: Public talk at the Women’s Club of New York
Mahmud’s Diary: Encouraging visitors to abandon harmful prejudices and to acquire heavenly virtues

From the Diary of Juliet Thompson: 

On November 25, Juliet writes about Percy Grants visit with the Master. ‘Abdu’l-Baha tells Dr. Grant that He has never feared danger and shares with him the story of the Turkish Investigating Committee sent to ‘Akká by ‘Abdu’l-Hamíd.

“You must excuse me for keeping you waiting, Dr Grant. I am very, very sorry to have kept you waiting, very sorry. But I was captured by three hundred women this afternoon. Is it not a dreadful thing to be captured by so many women? (At this I felt wickedly amused.) “The women in America dominate the men,” the Master continued…

He [Percy] seemed deeply touched at the thought of the Master returning into danger and asked if we would cable him if any trouble should arise, so that he might do whatever he could. He asked also if, from time to time, the Master would send him news, ‘through one of your humblest followers,’ he said.

“When he spoke of danger the Master replied that He had never feared danger and told him the story of the Turkish Investigating Committee sent to ‘Akká by ‘Abdu’l-Hamíd. How the verdict of this Committee was that He–‘Abdu’l-Bahá–must die; that He must either be crucified at the gate of ‘Akká or sent alone to the desert of Fezan, where He would inevitably starve. How at that time the Italian consul, a friend, had arranged for a ship to be sent to Haifa, ostensibly with cargo, but really to help the Master escape. And how the Master had said: ‘My Father, Bahá’u’lláh, never delivered Himself, though He had the opportunity. From this Prison He spread His Teachings. I, therefore, will follow in His footsteps. I will not deliver Myself.’

“Then,” Dr Faríd went on, “the Master told Dr. Grant of the hastening of the Committee to Turkey to lay its verdict with all possible speed before the Sultán, but before they landed on Turkish soil, ‘the cannon of God had boomed forth at the gates of the Sultán’s palace.’ ‘Abdu’l-Hamíd was deposed by the rising of the Young Turks and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá set free. ”’So,’ ended the Master, ‘God delivered Me.’”

November 24, 1912

Day 228: The Militarization of Progressive America  239 Days article
In the years after 1912, the permanent threat of war becomes a way of life in America.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá showed a special measure of love and kindness towards neighborhood children He spoke to them with deep affection and kindness, asking about their health and welfare. To each He gave candies and flowers and then sprinkled them with attar of rose. He then gave them kindly counsels and encouraged them to acquire knowledge, science, good morals and sincerity…
Mahmud’s Diary: Special meeting for black Bahá’ís at Kinney’s – unable to attend the banquet due to hotel restrictions Many white women came forward to serve their black guests, showering them with love. The Master approved of this meeting very much and He said: Today you have carried out the laws of the Blessed Beauty and have truly acted according to the teachings of the Supreme Pen. Behold what an influence and effect the words of Bahá’u’lláh have had upon the hearts, that hating and shunning have been forgotten and that prejudices have been obliterated to such an extent that you arose to serve one another with great sincerity.
Mahmud’s Diary: The underlying unity of creation and the oneness of humanity

News Clips: 

Washington DC Star ‘Abdu’l-Bahá says Farewell to Americans ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Declares Our Liberty As Worth Thanksgiving. Large portion of ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s talk at the Universalist Church in Washington DC is printed here. For full talk see the November 6, PUP entry The Foundation of Real Brotherhood is the Holy Spirit.

More on President Dwight Eisenhower

Today’s 239 Days article offers several references to and quotes from President Dwight Eisenhower including a prayer. This article might be of interest to you: How Dwight Eisenhower Found God in the White House. Dwight Eisenhower and Billy Graham shaped a half-century of religion in America.

November 23, 1912

Day 227: The Spark That Set Aflame the World: 1912-1918  239 Days article
A seemingly unstoppable series of events leads to the outbreak of the Great War, and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s life is again in danger.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: A grand banquet in commemoration of the Day of the Covenant

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada

Talk at Banquet, Great Northern Hotel 118 West Fifty-seventh Street This Meeting is Heavenly and Divine in Purpose Therefore, be ye assured and confident that the confirmations of God are descending upon you, the assistance of God will be given unto you, the breaths of the Holy Spirit will quicken you with a new life, the Sun of Reality will shine gloriously upon you, and the fragrant breezes of the rose gardens of divine mercy will waft through the windows of your souls. Be ye confident and steadfast; your services are confirmed by the powers of heaven, for your intentions are lofty, your purposes pure and worthy. God is the helper of those souls whose aim is to serve humanity and whose efforts and endeavors are devoted to the good and betterment of all mankind.

November 22, 1912

Day 226: The Great Migration Turns the Tide for African…  239 Days article
Although the Progressive Era is a “lose-lose” proposition for African Americans, the years after 1912 show signs of a new life.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s conversation with a Christian minister – he exhibited “aptitude and a pure motive.”
Mahmud’s Diary: Counseling friends to propagate the divine guidance in a spirit of love and kindness

W. E. B. Du Bois writes two letters to President Woodrow Wilson

November 21, 1912

Day 225: Jim Crow Comes to Dinner at the Great Northern Hotel  239 Days article
When African Americans are barred from a banquet organized in ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s honor, he quickly makes alternate plans.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá was not pleased with the dense population and congestion in New York City
Mahmud’s Diary: Large gathering at Kinney’s — admonishing friends about love and unity

Race Amity Conferences in Dayton, Ohio held in 1927 and 1929

Dayton, Ohio, the “Gem City,” was the fifth to express the need of an amity conference and to set itself a task which seemed far out of proportion to the strength of its two resident Bahá’ís. This was during that memorable year for amity congresses, 1927. Joined by two traveling teachers, the little group improved the momentum of a scheduled world unity conference to append an amity conference as its first session. Several liberal organizations were rallied to their support and Wilberforce University, a few miles distant at Xenia, gave the services of its highly trained Glee Club. This meeting was successful in promoting good will, spreading the fame of the Faith and seed sowing in very promising soil, as students are aspiring and have a future. The home in Xenia of Mrs. Ada M. Young, widow of the late Col. Charles Young, U. S. A., from this time became a center for Bahá’í activities in that section, with many interracial meetings and addresses at Wilberforce University to follow. The Dayton Bahá’ís, recruited in numbers, held a second amity conference April 12, 1929, using the services of Prof. M. N. Chatterjee of Antioch College and a Bahá’í speaker, with Josef McCoy, versatile and accomplished, as both entertainer and chairman. The names of Frances Fales, Helen McVey, Josef and Helen McCoy, Ada M. Young and Sylvia Margolis will be inseparably linked with the early evolution of the Bahá’í Faith in Dayton, which now has the blessing of a spiritual assembly.


November 20, 1912

Day 224: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and Andrew Carnegie’s “Gospel of Wealth”  239 Days article
On the social responsibilities of the wealthy, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá finds a kindred spirit in the world’s richest man.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: The Master’s purpose in staying so long in New York From this day forward a spirit of steadfastness in the Covenant of God, unity and faithfulness appeared among the friends as the Master burnt away the veils and the hearts of the believers attained the highest degree of love and union. This was the Master’s purpose in staying so long in New York…
Mahmud’s Diary: “You must work hand in hand to teach the Cause …” The Master again called some of the friends and asked them to show kindness and love to Mr. MacNutt and to be patient with him…
Mahmud’s Diary: “…we must arise in servitude so that His confirmations may surround us from all sides.”
Mahmud’s Diary: Some school children asked: ‘Who is this man who looks like Christ?’

Abdu’l-Baha’s correspondence with Andrew Carnegie

Abdu’l-Baha wrote at least two letters to the Scottish-American industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. What appears to be the earlier of these must have been written in 1912 or the first weeks of 1913, although it was not until 1915 that a translation by Ahmad Sohrab, dated 1 May 1915, was published in The New York Times. From Sen McGlinn’s Blog.

November 19, 1912

Day 223: The Trouble With J. P. Morgan’s Millions 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá is invited to the J. P. Morgan Library, the financial titan’s throne in midtown, but Morgan fails to show.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: The Master encouraged women to acquire the perfections and virtues of the world of humanity
Mahmud’s Diary: A believer expresses regret to the Bahá’ís for his earlier misguided actions

News Clips: 

Buffalo New York News “Persian Highbrow Dubs Morgan ‘Some Philanthropist,’ ”

November 18, 1912

Day 222: November 18, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days article
While the cool November weather sweeps around ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in New York, we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: The Master took periodic short breaks to rest in nearby gardens
Mahmud’s Diary: Destiny of New York City: To raise the call of Ya Bahá’u’l-Abha to the highest heaven
Mahmud’s Diary: The “harmony that comes about through the love of God is infinite and everlasting.” 
During the Master’s previous visit to New York Mr. Moxey had written a book of poetry, describing the demeanor, majesty and power of the Master. Mrs. Moxey, who was a famous musician, opened the gathering by playing the piano and singing a melodious song of praise in His honor.

News Clips: 

San Francisco Examiner Paris Special Correspondent of the San Francisco Examiner. Faith of the Baháists is Revealed by Its Chief Persian Prophet Declares Tenets of the Coming “Religion of the World.”

Baltimore Maryland American Persian Interested in African Cause – National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Will Begin Fourth Annual Convention Tonight The program for the first session, at which Miss Jane Addams will preside, will consist of addresses by Oswald Garrison Villard, of New York, William Pickens of Talladega, Ala., and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, high priest of the Bahá’ís cult, who, by his presence, will testify to the sympathy of the Persians in the cause of the Africans.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank K. Moxey 575 Riverside Drive Investigation of the Essential Underlying Basis of Reality The supreme and most important happening in the human world is the Manifestation of God and the descent of the law of God. The holy, divine Manifestations did not reveal themselves for the purpose of founding a nation, sect or faction. They did not appear in order that a certain number might acknowledge Their Prophethood. They did not declare Their heavenly mission and message in order to lay the foundation for a religious belief. Even Christ did not become manifest that we should merely believe in Him as the Christ, follow Him and adore His mention…Nay, rather, Christ appeared in order to illumine the world of humanity, to render the earthly world celestial, to make the human kingdom a realm of angels, to unite the hearts, to enkindle the light of love in human souls, so that such souls might become independent, attaining complete unity and fellowship, turning to God, entering into the divine Kingdom, receiving the bounties and bestowals of God and partaking of the manna from heaven…All the holy precepts and the announcements of prophetic laws were for these various and heavenly purposes.

November 17, 1912

Day 221: An Ethos for a New Age 239 Days article
At Genealogical Hall in New York, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá argues that humankind has begun a new stage in its collective development.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: “Nothing avails except servitude to the Blessed Beauty” It is now your turn to serve, to render your servitude to the holy threshold. Occupy yourselves day and night in the diffusion of the divine fragrances. All confirmations encircle those who are engaged in rendering services to the court of oneness.
Mahmud’s Diary: Hearts were immersed in a sea of ecstasy and rapture in the presence of the Master
Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s desire to personally construct a befitting resting place of a believer

News Clips: 

Grand Rapids Michigan Herald Cleverness of the Bahá’í What is Bahá’ísm? and the still more pertinent question. Why is it? may engage our attention for few moments this morning.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada

Talk at Genealogical Hall 252 West Fifty-eighth Street Man Must Now Become Imbued with New Virtues and Powers Humanity has emerged from its former degrees of limitation and preliminary training. Man must now become imbued with new virtues and powers, new moralities, new capacities. New bounties, bestowals and perfections are awaiting and already descending upon him. The gifts and graces of the period of youth, although timely and sufficient during the adolescence of the world of mankind, are now incapable of meeting the requirements of its maturity…everywhere the world of mankind is in the throes of evolutionary activity indicating the passing of the old conditions and advent of the new age of reformation. Old trees yield no fruitage; old ideas and methods are obsolete and worthless now. Old standards of ethics, moral codes and methods of living in the past will not suffice for the present age of advancement and progress. Bigotry and dogmatic adherence to ancient beliefs have become the central and fundamental source of animosity among men, the obstacle to human progress, the cause of warfare and strife, the destroyer of peace, composure and welfare in the world…it is, likewise, evident that the Lord of mankind has bestowed infinite bounties upon the world in this century of maturity and consummation. The ocean of divine mercy is surging, the vernal showers are descending, the Sun of Reality is shining gloriously. Heavenly teachings applicable to the advancement in human conditions have been revealed in this merciful age…

November 16, 1912

Day 220: The Struggle to Be Fully Human 239 Days article
In America, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá presented a vision of human nature with far-reaching implications.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: Striving to become “… the fruit of the revelation of Bahá’u’lláh”
Mahmud’s Diary: Spiritual and social laws of each divine religion
Mahmud’s Diary: To take note of the effect of Christ on His first disciples and the fate of His enemies

Mahmud’s Diary: The effect of the Master’s talk on the audience

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada

Talk at 309 West Seventy-eighth Street The Purpose of the Appearance of the Manifestations of God The purpose of the appearance of the Manifestations of God is the training of the people. That is the only result of Their mission, the real outcome. The outcome of the whole life of Jesus was the training of eleven disciples and two women. Why did He suffer troubles, ordeals and calamities? For the training of these few followers. That was the result of His life. The product of the life of Christ was not the churches but the illumined souls of those who believed in Him. Afterward, they spread His teachings.

November 15, 1912

Day 219: Winning Suffrage, Losing Equal Rights: 1912-1920 239 Days article
Even as women’s suffrage picked up steam during the 1910s, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá had already laid out a broad vision for a more…

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: The importance of education and training Thus, there are two great blessings in the world of existence: one is innate capacity which is bestowed by the Creator; and the other, acquired perfections which depend upon training by a teacher and educator.
Mahmud’s Diary: The impact of the power of Bahá’u’lláh upon the whole world ‘The whole world is like a physical body and the power of Bahá’u’lláh may be regarded as the main artery in the body of existence.’
Mahmud’s Diary: Non-association with Covenant-breakers

Mahmud’s Diary: “The day of the Manifestation of God is the divine and spiritual springtime…” 
…the Master went to a meeting of the Divine Knowledge Club, whose members are mostly women. The president of the club is an educated woman who claims divine knowledge and heavenly inspiration through Bahá’u’lláh…She spoke with closed eyes, as if she were sleeping and receiving inspiration. She appeared to be in a trance and in a state of total absorption. Because she is known among the Bahá’ís for her sincerity and is a supporter of the Cause of God, the Master was very kind to her.
Mahmud’s Diary: Explanations need to be supported by proofs

Mahmud’s Diary: Public meeting at Juliet Thompson’s home 
The Master spoke about the greatness of this cycle, the victory of the Cause and the influence and importance of the teachings and laws of Bahá’u’lláh.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada

Talk at Home of Miss Juliet Thompson 48 West Tenth Street The Distinctive Characteristics of the Manifestation of Bahá’u’lláh Bahá’u’lláh teaches that religion must be in conformity with science and reason. …none of the Prophets of the past ever spread His teachings or promulgated His Cause from a prison. But Bahá’u’lláh upheld the banner of the Cause of God while He was in a dungeon, addressing the kings of the earth from His prison cell, severely arraigning them for their oppression of their subjects and their misuse of power…announcing explicitly that the time would come when their sovereignty would be brought low and His own dominion be established…Then will you see that hosts and hosts will enter the Cause of God and that this mighty revelation will be spread throughout the world.”..First among the great principles revealed by Him is that of the investigation of reality… recognition of the oneness of the world of humanity… religion must be in conformity with science and reason… religion must be the source of unity and fellowship in the world…all forms of prejudice among mankind must be abandoned and that until existing prejudices are entirely removed, the world of humanity will not and cannot attain peace, prosperity and composure…perfect equality between men and women…the necessity for a universal language…all mankind shall be educated and that no illiteracy be allowed to remain…all mankind to become fitted for some useful trade, craft or profession by which subsistence may be assured, and this efficiency is to be considered as an act of worship…

November 14, 1912

Day 218: The Trial of the Century 239 Days article
A sensational murder trial exposes New York’s underworld. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá had often discussed the limitation of the modern…

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s greatest wish for New York believers: That they “…become the cause of the enlightenment of the world of man.”
Mahmud’s Diary: Daytime meetings at Krug’s and evening meetings at Kinney’s
Mahmud’s Diary: The exalted station of the people of Bahá

Mahmud’s Diary: Encountering a seeker near Central Park

Mahmud’s Diary: “Singing and chanting of scripture” in Bahá’í Temples 
I do not interfere in matters not expressly stated in the Text. Whenever and whatever the Universal House of Justice ordains, that will be the criterion.
Mahmud’s Diary: An explanation concerning lack of evil in existence 
…the imperfections and defects of the world of creation, the contingent world, are merely the absence of virtues and the lack of perfections…

Early Black Baha’is 

David Kellum was a long-time member of the Chicago Bahá’í community, an editor at the Chicago Defender, and a civil rights leader dedicated to inspiring young people and improving relations between the races. The Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic, which still takes place annually in Chicago, was started  by Bahá’ís Robert Abbott and David Kellum in conjunction with the Chicago Defender.


November 13, 1912

Day 217: Triumph and Tragedy in a Vast and Progressive Nation 239 Days article
As the next decade unfolds, the optimism of the Progressive Era is put to the test.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s daily walks
Mahmud’s Diary: “…conformity of spiritual matters with scientific and rational arguments.” – One of Bahá’u’lláh’s Teachings The Master described for the friends His journey to California and His talks at the university and at gatherings in San Francisco. He said: As they were delivered in scientific terms and with rational arguments, none could deny them and not a single voice was raised in opposition.
Mahmud’s Diary: Believers were encouraged to arise, teach, and spread the fragrances of God

Mahmud’s Diary: Translation of the Writings

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá showered kindness and affection upon children

Mahmud’s Diary: The Master’s counsels and exhortations

Black Intelligentsia Who Met ‘Abdu’l-Baha: 

How the Founder of America’s Most Important Black Newspaper Became a Baha’i (Robert Sengstacke Abbott 1870 – 1940) CHRISTOPHER BUCK | NOV 24, 2020 PART 60 IN SERIES THE UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION at

November 12, 1912

Day 216: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Returns to the City 239 Days article
After almost four months away, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá re-crosses the Hudson River on a ferry in the black of night.

Diary Entries: New York

Mahmud’s Diary: The Master’s host receives His blessing
Mahmud’s Diary: A prayer revealed for Bahá’í women
O Bahá’u’lláh! Assist these noble maidservants; make these worldly daughters heavenly; inspire their hearts and gladden their souls. O Bahá’u’lláh! Make these bodies as light-giving candles, these beings the envy of flower gardens and fill their souls with a melody which will enrapture the Supreme Concourse and make them dance for joy. Make each of them a brilliant star so that the world of existence may be illumined with their light. O Bahá’u’lláh! Give them heavenly power, bestow on them the inspiration of the Kingdom and vouchsafe to them divine assistance so that they may be enabled to render service unto Thee. Thou are the Compassionate, the Merciful and the Lord of Bounty and Favor.
Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s preference to visit the poor instead of the rich 
On another occasion, a famous man, Mr. Andrew Carnegie, humbly requested an interview with the Master. Although he was one of the millionaires of America, his request was granted and is recorded in one of His writings.
Mahmud’s Diary: Initial prejudice experienced by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s entourage due to war between Balkan states and Turkey

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá expresses admiration for Arthur Dodge and Hooper Harris 
There was a gathering in the evening at the home of Mr. Kinney which was attended mostly by black people. …The Master’s talk… an explanation of the prophecies of the Book of Daniel concerning the Most Great Manifestation and the statement in the New Testament about the Promised One.

News Clips: 

The Baltimore Sun Women Kiss His Hand Persian Advocate Of Human Brotherhood Is Venerated.  Lectures in Unitarian Chapel, Expounding Doctrines Which Have Made Him Famous.  …While his words were, of course, unintelligible to the audience, his manner of deliverance was impressive. His voice, except at rare intervals, was pitched low. At times, however, it increased in volume and he would speak for several minutes before pausing to let the interpreter translate. He used frequent gestures, the favorite one being an inclusive swing of both arms to show the universality of the doctrine he propounded. He also frequently leaned over the reading desk and looked at his hearers…

November 11, 1912

Day 215: November 11, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Bahá stops in Baltimore on the way back to New York City, while we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries: Washington DC – Baltimore – Philadelphia – New York

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s short stay in Baltimore
Mahmud’s Diary: The Master expressed happiness and joy to be with the believers in Baltimore  In one of His talks to the friends He said: …When I reach the Holy Land, I shall lay my head on the threshold of the Blessed Shrine and, weeping, I shall supplicate on your behalf for assistance and heavenly favors, eternal honor and everlasting joy.
Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá praises Howard Struven for his services
Mahmud’s Diary: Philadelphia believers hoping to see the Master – invited to come to train station 
When the other passengers saw these 30 or so friends from Philadelphia hovering near the Master with such heartfelt emotions, their curiosity to know more was aroused. Fascinated by His majesty and grandeur, they surrounded the Master to hear explanations of the divine teachings.
Mahmud’s Diary: New York City is once again blessed with the presence of the Master

November 10, 1912

Day 214: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Journey So Far: Month Seven 239 Days article
Highlights from the seventh month of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s journey through North America.

Diary Entries: Washington DC

Mahmud’s Diary: Saying farewell to friends in Washington
Mahmud’s Diary: Services of Pauline and Joseph Hannen
Mahmud’s Diary: Though extremely tired the Master attended a meeting for blacks and whites

News Clips: 

The New York Times President Jordan Touring Middle West in Interests of World Peace. …President Jordan, through his connection with the world peace movement, has been successful in bringing a number of notable figures in the cause of international arbitration to Stanford. Among those who have already spoken to the students are ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, known as Abbas Effendi, the venerable Persian savant and apostle of the Golden Rule, who numbers among his following several millions of disciples…

The Washington Times Capital Woman Leader of Bahá’ísm in United States Mrs. Arthur Jeffrey Parsons, wife of the chief of the division of prints in the Library of Congress, and for many years a social leader in this city, is one of the most enthusiastic followers of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the Oriental prophet and mystic who is now in Washington…Mr. Parsons, who is one of the most distinguished bibliographers in the city, does not profess any open allegiance to Bahá’ísm, although he is believed to be in sympathy with many of its teachings.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons What is the Reality of Divinity? How shall we know God? We know Him by His attributes. We know Him by His signs. We know Him by His names. We know not what the reality of the sun is, but we know the sun by the ray, by the heat, by its efficacy and penetration. …If we wish to come in touch with the reality of Divinity, we do so by recognizing its phenomena, its attributes and traces, which are widespread in the universe. All things in the world of phenomena are expressive of that one reality. Its lights are shining, its heat is manifest, its power is expressive, and its education, or training, resplendent everywhere. What proof could there be greater than that of its functioning or its attributes which are manifest?…

This is our last evening, and I ask God that His confirmations may encompass you, that your hearts may become radiant, that your eyes become illumined through witnessing the signs of God, that your ears hearken to the anthems of heaven, that your faces be set aglow with the radiant light of the Word of God. May you all be united, may you be agreed, may you serve the solidarity of mankind. May you be well-wishers of all humanity…

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. Hannen Character is the True Criterion of Humanity This is a beautiful assembly. I am very happy that white and black are together. This is the cause of my happiness, for you all are the servants of one God and, therefore, brothers, sisters, mothers and fathers. In the sight of God there is no distinction between whites and blacks; all are as one. Anyone whose heart is pure is dear to God — whether white or black, red or yellow…Associate with each other, think of each other, and be like a rose garden. Anyone who goes into a rose garden will see various roses, white, pink, yellow, red, all growing together and replete with adornment. Each one accentuates the beauty of the other. Were all of one color, the garden would be monotonous to the eye. If they were all white or yellow or red, the garden would lack variety and attractiveness; but when the colors are varied, white, pink, yellow, red, there will be the greatest beauty.

I had a servant who was black; his name was Isfandiyar. If a perfect man could be found in the world, that man was Isfandiyar. He was the essence of love, radiant with sanctity and perfection, luminous with light. Whenever I think of Isfandiyar, I am moved to tears, although he passed away fifty years ago. He was the faithful servant of Bahá’u’lláh and was entrusted with His secrets…Everything we had was taken away from us. The only things that remained were our debts. Isfandiyar paid them in full; not a single penny remained unpaid.

Talk at 1901 Eighteenth Street, NW May You All Become United and Assured But after I leave, some people may arise in opposition, heaping persecutions upon you in their bitterness, and in the newspapers there may be articles published against the Cause. Rest ye in the assurance of firmness. Be well poised and serene, remembering that this is only as the harmless twittering of sparrows and that it will soon pass away. If such things do not happen, the fame of the Cause will not become widespread, and the summons of God will not be heard…my purpose is to warn and strengthen you against accusations, criticisms, revilings and derision in newspaper articles or other publications. Be not disturbed by them. They are the very confirmation of the Cause, the very source of upbuilding to the Movement. May God confirm the day when a score of ministers of the churches may arise and with bared heads cry at the top of their voices that the Bahá’ís are misguided. I would like to see that day, for that is the time when the Cause of God will spread. Bahá’u’lláh has pronounced such as these the couriers of the Cause. They will proclaim from pulpits that the Bahá’ís are fools, that they are a wicked and unrighteous people, but be ye steadfast and unwavering in the Cause of God. They will spread the message of Bahá’u’lláh.

November 9, 1912

Day 213: Challenging Washington’s Oldest Jewish Congregation 239 Days article
Many are displeased when ‘Abdu’l-Bahá praises Jesus and Muhammad in an address to the Washington Hebrew…

Diary Entries: Washington DC

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá showers kindness and blessings upon a Jewish rabbi in Washington
Mahmud’s Diary: Celebrating the Feast of the Covenant in the company of the Master Abdu’l-Bahá rose and recited the following prayer…He then invited everyone to begin their dinner, saying, ‘Tonight I myself wish to serve the friends of God.’ He therefore made several rounds, distributing sweets and flowers and anointing each person with attar of rose. When the Master completed one round, the friends sang songs of praise…the Master rose and spoke about the preeminence and distinction of the gatherings of the friends of God, saying that the actions and services of the people of Bahá would be everlasting.
Mahmud’s Diary: The “soul is unchanging and imperishable.”

Mahmud’s Diary: The Consul General of Turkey and other distinguished persons visit ‘Abdu’l-Bahá 
‘Abdu’l-Bahá spoke to them about the Universal House of Justice.

News Clips: 

Washington (DC) Herald Speaks on Universal Peace. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Head of Bahá’ís, Heard at Jewish Temple….‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Head of Bahá’ís, Heard at Jewish Temple…A large congregation followed the discourses of the two speakers with deep interest.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons What is the Object of a Divine Law? The address delivered last evening in the Jewish synagogue evidently disturbed some of the people, including the revered rabbi who called upon me this afternoon. Together we went over the ground again, which I shall now review for your benefit….I wish you to understand them thoroughly and memorize them in order that you may discourse with the Jews and thus, perchance, become instrumental in leading them aright…I wish you to understand them thoroughly and memorize them in order that you may discourse with the Jews and thus, perchance, become instrumental in leading them aright…The essential requirement and qualification of Prophethood is the training and guidance of the people. Therefore, we shall first consider the efficacy of the teachings of those who have been followed and accepted as the Prophets of God. The question that must be answered is: Have They taught mankind? Have They proved Themselves efficient Educators?

Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons That which is Born of the Spirit is Spirit Therefore, we learn that the immortality of the soul, or spirit, is not contingent or dependent upon the so-called immortality of the body, because the body in the quiescent state, in the time of sleep, may be as dead, unconscious, senseless; but the soul, or spirit, is possessed of perceptions, sensations, motion and discovery. Even inspiration and revelation are obtained by it…This means that just as in the first birth the fetus comes forth from the matrix of the mother into the conditions of the human kingdom, even so the spirit of man must be born out of the matrix of naturalism, out of the baser nature, in order that he may comprehend the great things of the Kingdom of God. He must be born out of mother earth to find the everlasting life. And this collective reality, or spirit, of man, being born out of the world of nature, possessing the attributes of God, will continue to live forever in the eternal realm.

Talk at Baha’i Banquet Rauscher’s Hall May All of You Become My Partners and Coadjutors in Servitude And it is my hope that through the favors of Bahá’u’lláh He may continue to attract you to His Kingdom and render you victorious and triumphant in your service to the oneness and solidarity of mankind. May He assist all who are firm in establishing the unity of the inhabitants of this earth. May all of you thereby become my partners and coadjutors in servitude….we should offer thanks to God, for He has confirmed us in attaining to the happiness of this occasion. He has appointed us servants of the human world, advocates of peace and unity among the religions, heralds of universal agreement among the races and nations, founders of divine reconciliation among all peoples…Therefore, let us ever trust in God and seek confirmation and assistance from Him. Let us have perfect and absolute confidence in the bounty of the Kingdom.

November 8, 1912

Day 212: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Assault on the Color Line 239 Days article
On his farewell visit to the nation’s capital, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá reprises his rhetorical battle against America’s ideologies of race.

Diary Entries: Washington DC

Mahmud’s Diary: “As this city is the capital of America, so shall it, God willing, become the center of divine signs.”  …as there is resistance and some ministers are opposing the Cause. It has been established by experience that when the cry of opposition is raised by leaders of religion the Cause of God gains strength. I always beg assistance for you and my heart is ever with you. You must trust in the favors of the Blessed Beauty which can change a gnat into a phoenix, a drop into an ocean, a stone into a diamond and an atom into a world-illuminating sun. You must not look to your own capacities but to the bounties of the Abha Kingdom.
Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá admired the planning and layout of Washington DC In the afternoon ‘Abdu’l-Bahá took a stroll along the boulevard and remarked that ‘The city of Washington is better planned and laid out than the other cities of America.’ In His view the plan of this city was very pleasing because…
Mahmud’s Diary: An example of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s firmness and courage 
Some of the Jews sitting near the pulpit actually made signs to the interpreter that the time was over. But the Master ignored this and went on to give detailed, decisive proofs and plain arguments to prove the truth of Christianity and Islam…the chairman… one of the fair-minded rabbis, came to the pulpit to thank the Master for His admonitions and exhortations. He then asked the audience not to become agitated or excited. ‘We must not’, he said, ‘be perplexed at what goes against our own convictions and beliefs. Rather, we must, with perfect composure and sincerity, investigate the truth so that we may discover the reality of everything.’..

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
Talk at Eighth Street Temple, Synagogue The Sun of Truth, the Word of God, Shines Upon All Mankind
…The divine religions embody two kinds of ordinancesFirst, there are those which constitute essential, or spiritual, teachings of the Word of God. These are faith in God, the acquirement of the virtues which characterize perfect manhood, praiseworthy moralities, the acquisition of the bestowals and bounties emanating from the divine effulgences — in brief, the ordinances which concern the realm of morals and ethics….It is recorded in the Holy Bible that God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.”… In a word, the image and likeness of God constitute the virtues of God, and man is intended to become the recipient of the effulgences of divine attributes. This is the essential foundation of all the divine religions,…Second, there are laws and ordinances which are temporary and nonessential. These concern human transactions and relations. They are accidental and subject to change according to the exigencies of time and place…

…through Christ, through the blessing of the New Testament of Jesus Christ, the Old Testament, the Torah, was translated into six hundred different tongues and spread throughout the world….It was through Christianity that the Torah reached Persia. Before that time there was no knowledge in that country of such a book, but Christ caused its spread and acceptance. Through Him the name of Moses was elevated and revered. He was instrumental in publishing the name and greatness of the Israelitish prophets, and He proved to the world that the Israelites constituted the people of God. Which of the kings of Israel could have accomplished this?…
When Muhammad appeared, He spoke of Moses as the great Man of God. In the Qur’an He refers to the sayings of Moses in seven different places, proclaims Him a Prophet and the possessor of a Book, the Founder of the law and the Spirit of God. He said, “Whosoever believes in Him is acceptable in the estimation of God, and whosoever shuns Him or any of the prophets is rejected of God.”…
…You realize the need of unity and know the great harm which comes from prejudice and superstition. I ask you, is not fellowship and brotherhood preferable to enmity and hatred in society and community? The answer is self-evident. Love and fellowship are absolutely needful to win the good pleasure of God, which is the goal of all human attainment...Otherwise, the conditions of the past will continue, praising ourselves and condemning others; religious wars will have no end, and religious prejudice, the prime cause of this havoc and tribulation, will increase. This must be abandoned, and the way to do it is to investigate the reality which underlies all the religions. This underlying reality is the love of humanity. For God is one and humanity is one, and the only creed of the Prophets is love and unity…

November 7, 1912

Day 211: “These Are, Indeed, United States” 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Baha pays a final visit to Washington DC, delivering an address on liberty at Rev. John van Schaick’s Universalist Church.

Diary Entries: Washington DC

Mahmud’s Diary: “In truth, I have found much love and justice in the people of America.” On behalf of the congregation the pastor thanked the Master for coming and then reminded the audience about the importance of knowing something about all religions and abandoning prejudice, which would broaden their horizons…Such meetings in the churches of Washington and the influence and impact of the Master’s talks have excited envy in the hearts of certain ministers who have neither interviewed nor heard Him and they distributed leaflets full of calumny and criticism to the people coming out of the churches.

News Clips: 

Washington (DC) Herald ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Talks of Universal Peace Head of Movement Welcomed in Universalist Church by Rev. Dr. Van Schaick. Rev. Dr. John Van Schaick, the pastor of the church, answered certain criticisms directed against ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and those who accord him the right to tell his message. “What we in America need,” said Rev. Dr. Van Schaick, “is the study of all religions. We need to learn what other nations have discovered: what all great prophets have proclaimed. If we dare not investigate others, it proves we have no real confidence in our own. The men who have the greatest faith in their own religion are the men most willing to hear what others have to say. Those who will not listen to others are cowards…

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons 1700 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, D.C. Governments are in the Process of Change and Transformation Consider events in the Balkans today where a great conflagration of war is furiously raging and so much blood is being shed…. I will call your attention more especially to the aspects of this war which Bahá’u’lláh prophesied forty years ago fully and completely….All His letters to the kings and rulers of the earth were compiled in a book published thirty-five years ago in Bombay, India… Professor E. G.Browne of Cambridge University, England, wrote a book detailing his visit to Akka. This was followed by a second volume in which he quoted extracts from Bahá’u’lláh’s Epistles to the kings and rulersThere are also translations of some of these Epistles in your libraries…I will read to you from the Arabic text the very words written by Bahá’u’lláh in His Epistle to the Sultan of Turkey…
Talk at Home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Parsons There is Need of an Educator and Teacher for Mankind Therefore, in the natural world there is need of an Educator and Teacher for mankind. He must be universal in his powers and accomplishments. Teachers are of two kinds: universal and special. The universal Instructors are the Prophets of God, and the special teachers are the philosophers. The philosophers are capable of educating and training a limited circle of human souls, whereas the holy, divine Manifestations of God confer general education upon humanity. They arise to bestow universal moral training… (Explains how Moses, Christ and Muhammad raised people to a higher civilization. And how Baha’u’llah “laid a basis for new institutions which are the very spirit of modernism, the light of the world, the development of the body politic and eternal honor.”)

November 6, 1912

Day 210: The Wilson Landslide 239 Days article
Governor Woodrow Wilson quietly awaits the results of the election, while a cheering crowd of 100,000 jams into New York’s…

Diary Entries: Washington DC

Mahmud’s Diary:The spread of the Cause of God since the ascension of Bahá’u’lláh Soon after the ascension of the Blessed Beauty I wrote:
Erelong ye shall see the banner of the Covenant
Hoisted over the world.
And again:
Shed splendors on the East,
In the West scatter perfumes,
Invest the Slav with life.
Carry light unto the world.
Mahmud’s Diary: Fulfillment of certain prophecies in Bahá’u’lláh’s Tablets
Mahmud’s Diary: 
With “divine power and heavenly majesty” Bahá’u’lláh “made His Cause to be all-conquering and His blessed Word to have pervasive influence.” In the evening He spoke on the spread of the Cause of God despite imprisonment by the enemies and the supremacy of the divine Word notwithstanding endless afflictions and troubles. He said…

News Clips: 

The Washington Times ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Back on Capital Visit Head of Religious Movement Will Deliver Lecture at Church of our Father. …A Mohammedan by upbringing, the founder of the Bahá’í movement is interesting for his development of these doctrines from such sources and for the intense devotion which he evokes among his followers. His devotees are ready to fall at his feet and kiss the hem of his robe. Washington members of this cult are fairly numerous. It is said, some of them being members of orthodox churches who have not felt called upon to abandon that faith because they have become Bahá’ís.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
Talk at Universalist Church Thirteenth and L Streets, NW, Washington, D.C. The Foundation of Real Brotherhood is the Holy Spirit …It is evident, therefore, that the foundation of real brotherhood, the cause of loving cooperation and reciprocity and the source of real kindness and unselfish devotion is none other than the breaths of the Holy Spirit. Without this influence and animus it is impossible. We may be able to realize some degrees of fraternity through other motives, but these are limited associations and subject to change. When human brotherhood is founded upon the Holy Spirit, it is eternal, changeless, unlimited… Necessarily there will be some who are defective amongst men, but it is our duty to enable them by kind methods of guidance and teaching to become perfected. Some will be found who are morally sick; they should be treated in order that they may be healed. Others are immature and like children; they must be trained and educated so that they may become wise and mature. Those who are asleep must be awakened; the indifferent must become mindful and attentive. But all this must be accomplished in the spirit of kindness and love and not by strife, antagonism nor in a spirit of hostility and hatred, for this is contrary to the good pleasure of God. That which is acceptable in the sight of God is love. Love is, in reality, the first effulgence of Divinity and the greatest splendor of God.

November 5, 1912

Day 209: On Election Day, ‘Abdu’l-Baha Praises Cincinnati’s… 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Baha and President Taft both spend Election Day in the president’s home town.

Diary Entries: Cincinnati and en route to Washington DC

Mahmud’s Diary: Various newspapers publish articles about ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and the teachings of the Faith
Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá delays departure from Cincinnati Today He spoke about the Universal House of Justice and the International Parliament of man…He then gave an account of how Constantine embraced Christianity…the friends were happy as they recalled their visit and reunion with Him but wept because of His departure from their midst. These opposites, happiness and sorrow, like heat and cold, were both felt and seen.
Mahmud’s Diary: A doctor on the train inquired about the object of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s journey 
My aim is to create harmony and concord among the different groups and to eradicate prejudice, hatred and enmity so that the peoples and nations of the world may become brothers and well-wishers of mankind…Leaving the prison of ‘Akka, I traveled to countries in Africa, Europe and America, called people to these blessed teachings and invited nations and religions to the oneness of the foundation of all religions and the abandonment of prejudices, wars, dogmatic imitations and superstitions.
Mahmud’s Diary: Friends in Washington welcome back the Master 
The Master spoke about His journey to California, the influence of the Word of God and the devotion of the friends to the Abha Beauty.

November 4, 1912

Day 208: November 4, 1912: The Week Ahead 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Baha takes the train to Cincinnati while we take a look at the week ahead.

Diary Entries: Leaving Chicago, arriving in Cincinnati

Mahmud’s Diary: Friends in Chicago bid the Master a heartfelt farewell Well-respected people of the West have been attracted to the Beloved of the East. They hovered like moths around the divine lamp and wept at their friend’s departure. Among those who accompanied ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to the next station was Mrs. True with whom the Master spoke about the Tarbiyat Schools in Tihran.
Mahmud’s Diary: Upon reaching Cincinnati ‘Abdu’l-Bahá gave a public talk to five-hundred people at Grand Hotel He spoke about the sovereignty and endless bounties of God and concluded with explanations of the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh from the holy writings…after which a beautiful banquet was given.
Mahmud’s Diary: Believers from the East and West sitting together with love and affection 
The holding of meetings at which people from the East come to the far West and sit together with you with such love and affection was impossible but through His penetrative power Bahá’u’lláh has made this easy and has joined the East and the West. Would that the friends of Persia were here now and could see this!
Mahmud’s Diary: A prayer for the believers in the West – revealed and chanted by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá 
Selected passages from the prayer: …O Lord! These souls have turned toward Thee, they desire Thy pleasure and are grateful for Thy blessings. They walk in the ways of Thy will….Strengthen us to arise in praise and gratitude to Thee that we may be aided and assisted to do that which beseems Thy glorification….As Thou hast given us these earthly blessings so, too, give us heavenly food. Bestow upon us Thine everlasting grace. Strengthen us to arise in praise and gratitude to Thee that we may be aided and assisted to do that which beseems Thy glorification.Thou art the Mighty, the Generous, the Compassionate.

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
Talk at Grand Hotel America is a Noble Nation, the Standard-Bearer of Peace …In His [Baha’u’llah’s] Epistles He asked the parliaments of the world to send their wisest and best men to an international world conference which should decide all questions between the peoples and establish universal peace. This would be the highest court of appeal, and the parliament of man so long dreamed of by poets and idealists would be realized. Its accomplishment would be more far-reaching than the Hague tribunal. I am most grateful to President Taft for having extended his influence toward the establishment of universal peace. What he has accomplished in making treaties with various nations is very good, but when we have the interparliamentary body composed of delegates from all the nations of the world and devoted to the maintenance of agreement and goodwill, the utopian dream of sages and poets, the parliament of man, will be realized.

November 3, 1912

Day 207: An Ultimately Disastrous Notion of Human Nature 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Baha argued that seeing ourselves as nothing more than evolved animals justifies all manner of savagery and war.

Diary Entries: Chicago

Mahmud’s Diary: Last day in Chicago …He was invited to speak at four gatherings. In each meeting the power of His utterances and His explanations produced great interest and enthusiasm in the audience…
Mahmud’s Diary: Final talks at two churches  First church: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá stood and put forward decisive proofs and arguments, describing the appearance of the Manifestations of God, the veils and opposition of the people, the Tablets of Bahá’u’lláh to the kings and the influence of the Cause of God among the people. Plymouth Congregational Church Michigan Avenue and 26th Street: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá delivered a magnificent address on the greatness of this age, the necessity of achieving the oneness of humanity, universal peace, the oneness of creation, and concluding with explanations of the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh. His address was delivered with such majesty and power that all hearts were quickened with the love of humanity and became lovers of peace and harmony, abandoning prejudice and disunity.
Mahmud’s Diary: Message from ‘Abdu’l-Bahá to the whole of humanity – request from a Chicago newspaper editor 
An editor asked that a message from the Master be given through his journal to the whole of humanity. The Master’s message was this….
Mahmud’s Diary: Responding to some engineers about a Bahá’í House of Worship 
…a splendid banquet had been arranged for the Nineteen Day Feast. Several people visited the Master on the second floor of the house, among them some engineers who wanted His comments about the House of Worship. The Master answered…

Mahmud’s Diary: Powerful proof for the unity of the peoples of the world 
Later the Master spoke of the importance of the House of Justice and the significance of the laws of this Dispensation, stating that each is a complete and powerful proof for the unity of the peoples of the world.
Mahmud’s Diary: Farewell address to the believers in Chicago 
He described the harmfulness of imitations and superstitions… It is not possible to describe the impact on the minds, the exhilaration of the spirits and delight of the souls. When His automobile left, everyone wept and expressed their sorrow at their separation from their beloved.

November 2, 1912

Day 206: To Remind Us We Were Neighbors 239 Days article
‘Abdu’l-Baha visits the Frederick Douglass Center, a settlement house in Chicago that aims to improve the lives of African…

Diary Entries: Chicago

Mahmud’s Diary: Dogmas and imitations caused differences and enmity among people Most of the friends, both old and new, brought their children to be blessed by Him. He embraced each of them with the utmost kindness, anointed them with some attar of rose and gave them fruit, sweets and flowers…
Mahmud’s Diary: Dr. Susan Moody’s work in Tihran and the great reception she received upon arrival He was invited to have lunch at the home of Mrs. Russell. Among the guests were some of Dr. [Susan] Moody’s relatives. Addressing them ‘Abdu’l-Bahá said:…
Mahmud’s Diary: “If a believer in God prays for piety, it does not matter whether he is robed in black or white.”
In the evening the Master gave an impressive talk at a gathering of blacks. Many white people were also present. He spoke on love and brotherhood among the different races and nationalities…
Mahmud’s Diary: Duties of a Board of Consultation – Spiritual Assemblies 
He then went to Mrs. True’s home where the friends had gathered for consultation. They asked Him about the duties of a board of consultation. He said: The first duty of the members is to be in harmony and unity among themselves,… their second duty is to recite verses and prayers in a state of contriteness and spiritual awareness so that they will feel themselves to be in the presence of God. Third, their thoughts and discussions must be directed to the teaching of the Cause of God in all areas and regions… Fourth, they must be occupied and concerned with rendering help to the poor, the needy and the sick. Fifth, they must improve and administer the affairs of the believers and other matters.

November 1, 1912

Day 205: ‘Abdu’l-Baha Strolls in Lincoln Park 239 Days article
As autumn recedes, Honore Jaxon, a former revolutionary, vividly remembers his trip with ‘Abdu’l-Baha to the Lincoln Park Zoo in…

Diary Entries: Chicago

Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá elucidates on the theme of the equality of men and women
Mahmud’s Diary: Public meeting at Corinne True’s residence
Mahmud’s Diary: Bahá’u’lláh’s divine system: “… although it advocates the oneness of humanity and upholds the common weal, [it] will preserve the various ranks.”
Mahmud’s Diary: “All affairs advance with His [Bahá’u’lláh’s] aid. Without His aid, all would come to naught.

Mahmud’s Diary: “Be at peace and make peace with all.” 
…Do not express hatred or resentment toward anyone…
Mahmud’s Diary: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá comments on how people fail to examine Bahá’u’lláh’s “divine system” 
“This man took us to his house to show pictures and other objects. I was greatly surprised to find that people go to view things which are nothing more than children’s toys but they fail to examine this divine system.”
Mahmud’s Diary: A number of ministers came to see ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Mahmud’s Diary: Chicago: “I hope that the banner of the unity of mankind will be unfurled in this city…”

News Clips: 

The Palo Altan Palo Alto, CA ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the Bahá’í Prophet, Speaks at Stanford University A great assembly of students and teachers crowd the auditorium to hear the Bahá’í Prophet of Persia expound the doctrine of a new day for Universal Brotherhood International Peace and Religious Unity …It seemed to be a notable day when ‘Abdu’l-Bahá from the far country of the Orient, met Dr. David Starr Jordan of the far western shore, both carrying the standard of international peace and universal brotherhood. It was Persia, the oldest nation of the world, indeed the fabled country of the Garden of Eden and the birthplace of the human race, bringing a message to America, the youngest great nation of the world…
Chicago Illinois Inter-Ocean Peace Advocate in Chicago He will be given a reception Saturday night at Frederick Douglass center… Sunday he will speak in the morning at Pilgrim Congregational church and in the afternoon at 4 o’clock in the Plymouth Congregational church…

Promulgation of Universal Peace: Transcriptions of Talks by ‘Abdu’l-Baha in the United States and Canada
Talk at Home of Mrs. Corinne True The Purpose of the Covenant Was Simply to Ward off Disunion …Praise be to God! You must be grateful that He has chosen you from among the people of the world, that such glorious bestowal and such endless graces and favors have been specialized for you. You must not look at present accomplishments, for this is but the beginning as it was at the time of Christ. Before long you will see that you will be distinguished among all people. In every way the divine confirmation will uphold you, and the radiance of the Kingdom of Bahá’u’lláh will illumine your countenances. Be truly grateful for all these blessings….